Searched for: subject:"Animal%5C+food"
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Parlevliet, E.T. (author), Schröder-van der Elst, J.P. (author), Corssmit, E.P.M. (author), Picha, K. (author), O'Neil, K. (author), Stojanovic-Susulic, V. (author), Ort, T. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Pijl, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
CNTO736 is a glucagon-like peptide (GLP) 1 receptor agonist that incorporates a GLP-1 peptide analog linked to the Mimeti-body platform. We evaluate the potential of acute and chronic CNTO736 treatment on insulin sensitivity and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) metabolism. For acute studies, diet-induced insulin-resistant C57BL76 mice...
article 2009
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Prado, M. (author), Berben, G. (author), Fumière, O. (author), van Duijn, G. (author), Mensinga-Kruize, J. (author), Reaney, S. (author), Boix, A. (author), von Holst, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The commercialization of animal feeds infected by prions proved to be the main cause of transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). Therefore, feed bans were enforced, initially for ruminant feeds, and later for all feeds for farmed animals. The development and validation of analytical methods for the species-specific detection of...
article 2007
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Leeman, W.R. (author), van den Berg, K.J. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The human risk assessment of feed contaminants has often been hampered by a lack of knowledge concerning their behaviour when consumed by livestock. To gain a better understanding of the transfer of contaminants from animal feed to animal products, a meta-analysis of public literature was made. Data concerning feed contaminant concentrations,...
article 2007
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Avantaggiato, G. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Visconti, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A laboratory model, set to simulate the in vivo conditions of the porcine gastrointestinal tract, was used to study the small intestinal absorption of several mycotoxins and the effectiveness of Standard Q/FIS (a carbon/aluminosilicate-based product) in reducing mycotoxin absorption when added to multitoxin-contaminated diets. Mycotoxins were...
article 2007
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Poucke, C.V. (author), Dumoulin, F. (author), Yakkundi, S. (author), Situ, C. (author), Elliott, C.T. (author), Grutters, E.M. (author), Verheijen, R. (author), Schilt, R. (author), Eriksson, S. (author), Peteghem, C.V. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A chemical confirmation method for the identification and quantification of five banned antibacterial growth promoters (AGPs) in animal feed was developed and in-house validated as part of the European Feedstuffs-RADIUS project [1]. To complete the validation process a collaborative trial was performed by eleven laboratories within the European...
article 2006
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Schaafsma, G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Protein Digestibility-Corrected Amino Score (PDCAAS) is discussed. PDCAAS is now widely used as a routine assay for protein quality evaluation, replacing the more traditional biological methods [e.g., measurement of the Protein Efficiency Ratio (PER) in rats]. PDCAAS is based on comparison of the essential amino acid content of a test protein...
article 2005
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Vente-Spreeuwenberg, M.A.M. (author), Verdonk, J.M.A.J. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Beynen, A.C. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The present study was designed to evaluate the differential effects of dietary glucose, lactose and starch on small-intestinal morphology, organ weights, pH of chyme and haptoglobin levels in blood plasma of weaned piglets. It was hypothesised that lactose consumption would ameliorate the weaning-induced decrease in gut integrity. A total of...
article 2003
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van Kempen, T.A.T.G. (author), Kim, I.B. (author), Jansman, A.J.M. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Hancock, J.D. (author), Lee, D.J. (author), Gabert, V.M. (author), Albin, D.M. (author), Fahey Jr, G.C. (author), Grieshop, C.M. (author), Mahan, D. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
To assess differences in soybean meal quality related to region of production, researchers in Illinois, Kansas, North Carolina, The Netherlands, and Ohio collected four soybean meal samples processed locally at least 15 d apart. These samples were assayed for ileal amino acid digestibility by pigs using a common soybean meal and a soy protein...
article 2002
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Meijer, G.A.L. (author), Bouma, A. (author), Verhoeff, J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In this study, we reviewed the research that has been conducted in relationship with the problem of 'chronic wasting' in dairy cows in the Netherlands as was experienced during 1998 and 1999. Emphasis was drawn towards three aspects of this 'chronic wasting'; the definition, the magnitude, and the possible cause or causes. It appeared that a...
article 2001
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Mack, S. (author), Bercovici, D. (author), de Groote, G. (author), Leclercq, B. (author), Lippens, M. (author), Pack, M. (author), Schutte, J.B. (author), van Cauwenberghe, S. (author), Instituut voor Landbouwkundig Onderzoek en Biochemische Produkten TNO (author)
1. The aim of the study was to determine the ideal ratio of the essential amino acids lysine (Lys), methionine (Met), threonine (Thr), tryptophan (Trp), arginine (Arg), valine (Val) and isoleucine (Ile) and to assess the required dietary lysine concentration for optimum performance in broiler chickens of 2 commercial strains from 20 to 40 d of...
article 1999
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Schrama, J.W. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author)
Fermentable nonstarch polysaccharides (dietary fiber) affect energy retention in group-housed growing pigs by reducing physical activity. This study assessed the effects of fermentation and bulkiness of dietary carbohydrates on physical activity in relation to energy metabolism. Eight clusters of 14 pigs were fed one of four diets in a 2 × 2...
article 1999
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van der Linde-Sipman, J.S. (author), van den Inch, T.S.G.A.M. (author), van Nes, J.J. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), Kersten, J.G.T.M. (author), Beynen, A.C. (author), Plekkringa, R. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In April 1996, an outbreak of toxic polyneuropathy in cats occurred in the Netherlands. All cats had been fed one of two brands of dry cat food from one manufacturer. Chemical analyses of these foods, stomach contents, and liver and kidney of affected cats revealed contamination with the ionophor salinomycin. Epidemiologic and clinical data were...
article 1999
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Gerrits, W.J.J. (author), Decuypere, E. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Karabinas, V. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
We conducted two experiments with preruminant calves weighing 80 to 240 kg to study the long-term nutritional regulation of circulating IGF-I, thyroxine (T4), and triiodothyronine (T3). The two experiments were similar in design but were performed with calves of two live weight ranges: 80 to 160 kg (Exp. 1) and 160 to 240 kg (Exp. 2). In each...
article 1998
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de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Bär, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of 14C-labeled γ-cyclodextrin ([14C]γ-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In experiment 1, [14C]γ-CD (25 μCi, 600 mg/kg body wt) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In experiment 2, [14C]γ- CD (25 μCi, 1000 mg/kg body wt)...
article 1998
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Grala, W. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Jansman, A.J.M. (author), Huisman, J. (author), Wasilewko, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Nitrogen (N) balance was determined in 36 pigs (BW 24 to 30 kg) fed diets inducing different ileal endogenous N losses (ENL). We tested the hypothesis that enhanced ENL may be indicative of a higher recycling of endogenous proteins that will induce a greater urinary N loss and a lower efficiency of the dietary N utilization for retention. The...
article 1998
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Bakker, G.C.M. (author), Dekker, R.A. (author), Jongbloed, A.W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In pigs and humans, the nutrients starch, protein, fat and some minerals need to be digested prior to the terminal ileum for optimal use of these nutrients. In contrast, the non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) are mainly fermented by microbes in the hindgut. Results of experiments in pigs showed that NSP negatively affected apparent digestion of...
article 1998
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Schutte, J.B. (author), de Jong, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
conference paper 1998
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Langhout, D.J. (author), Schutte, J.B. (author), Geerse, C. (author), Kies, A.K. (author), de Jong, J. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
1. A study with growing chicks investigated the effects of an inclusion of an endo-xylanase preparation (LYXASAN®) to a wheat- and rye-based diet on performance and nutrient digestibility in relation to the fat source. 2. The basal diet contained 500 g wheat and 100 g rye/kg of diet. The basal diet was supplemented with either 65 g soya oil/kg...
article 1997
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van Leeuwen, P. (author), Veldman, A. (author), Boisen, S. (author), Deuring, K. (author), van Kempen, G.J.M. (author), Derksen, G.B. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Two experiments were conducted to determine apparent ileal DM and crude-protein (CP) digestibilities in rations fed to pigs. An evaluation was made of Cr2O3 and HCl-insoluble ash as digestive markers. In addition, the effects of body weight (BW) on apparent ileal DM and CP (N x 6.25) digestibilities were studied. In Expt 1, thirteen barrows...
article 1996
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Huisman, J. (author), Heinz, T. (author), van der Poel, A.F.B. (author), van Leeuwen, P. (author), Souffrant, W.B. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The faecal and ileal true protein digestibilities of the raw pea (Pisum sativum) varieties finale and frijaune and the ileal true protein digestibility of steam-processed common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) were measured in piglets using the 15N-dilution technique. The faecal true protein digestibility of both pea varieties was about 97. The ileal...
article 1992
Searched for: subject:"Animal%5C+food"
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