Searched for: subject:"Animal%5C+Feed"
(1 - 20 of 37)

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Huber, M. (author), van de Vijver, L.P.L. (author), Parmentier, H. (author), Savelkoul, H. (author), Coulier, L. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Verheij, E. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Nierop, D. (author), Hoogenboom, R.A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Consumers expect organic products to be healthier. However, limited research has been performed to study the effect of organic food on health. The present study aimed to identify biomarkers of health to enable future studies in human subjects. A feeding experiment was performed in two generations of three groups of chickens differing in immune...
article 2010
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Parlevliet, E.T. (author), Schröder-van der Elst, J.P. (author), Corssmit, E.P.M. (author), Picha, K. (author), O'Neil, K. (author), Stojanovic-Susulic, V. (author), Ort, T. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Pijl, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
CNTO736 is a glucagon-like peptide (GLP) 1 receptor agonist that incorporates a GLP-1 peptide analog linked to the Mimeti-body platform. We evaluate the potential of acute and chronic CNTO736 treatment on insulin sensitivity and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) metabolism. For acute studies, diet-induced insulin-resistant C57BL76 mice...
article 2009
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Prado, M. (author), Berben, G. (author), Fumière, O. (author), van Duijn, G. (author), Mensinga-Kruize, J. (author), Reaney, S. (author), Boix, A. (author), von Holst, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The commercialization of animal feeds infected by prions proved to be the main cause of transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). Therefore, feed bans were enforced, initially for ruminant feeds, and later for all feeds for farmed animals. The development and validation of analytical methods for the species-specific detection of...
article 2007
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Leeman, W.R. (author), van den Berg, K.J. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The human risk assessment of feed contaminants has often been hampered by a lack of knowledge concerning their behaviour when consumed by livestock. To gain a better understanding of the transfer of contaminants from animal feed to animal products, a meta-analysis of public literature was made. Data concerning feed contaminant concentrations,...
article 2007
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Avantaggiato, G. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Visconti, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A laboratory model, set to simulate the in vivo conditions of the porcine gastrointestinal tract, was used to study the small intestinal absorption of several mycotoxins and the effectiveness of Standard Q/FIS (a carbon/aluminosilicate-based product) in reducing mycotoxin absorption when added to multitoxin-contaminated diets. Mycotoxins were...
article 2007
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de Jonge, J.D. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Odink, J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This report describes the further development of a peanut allergy model in Brown Norway (BN) rats and in particular the importance of allergen-free breeding of the laboratory animals for the allergen to be used. For this purpose BN rats were bred for 3 generations on soy- and peanut-free feed since it is known that the legumes peanut and soy are...
article 2007
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Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Roberts, A. (author), Korte, H. (author), Unkila, M. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Plant lignan 7-hydromatairesinol, a novel precursor of the mammalian lignan enterolactone was evaluated in a prenatal developmental toxicity study conducted in the Wistar rat. Mated female rats were fed diets containing 0, 0.25, 1, and 4% (w/w) of 7-hydroxymatairesinol in the form of potassium acetate complex (HMRlignan; potassium acetate level...
article 2004
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van den Eede, G. (author), Aarts, H. (author), Buhk, H.J. (author), Corthier, G. (author), Flint, H.J. (author), Hammes, W. (author), Jacobsen, B. (author), Midtvedt, T. (author), van der Vossen, J. (author), von Wright, A. (author), Wackernagel, W. (author), Wilcks, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
In 2000, the thematic network ENTRANSFOOD was launched to assess four different topics that are all related to the testing or assessment of food containing or produced from genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Each of the topics was linked to a European Commission (EC)-funded large shared cost action (see http://www.entransfood.com). Since the...
article 2004
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Delaney, B. (author), Carlson, T. (author), Zheng, G.-H. (author), Hess, R. (author), Knutson, N. (author), Frazer, S. (author), Ostergren, K. (author), van Zijverden, M. (author), Knippels, L. (author), Jonker, D. (author), Penninks, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The cholesterol-lowering effect observed following consumption of oats and barley is attributable to the β-glucan component of the soluble fiber fraction of these cereal grains. β-Glucan has also been reported to modulate immune activity, however, few studies have evaluated the hematological effects of β-glucan following oral exposure. In the...
article 2003
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Delaney, B. (author), Carlson, T. (author), Frazer, S. (author), Zheng, T. (author), Hess, R. (author), Ostergren, K. (author), Kierzek, K. (author), Haworth, J. (author), Knutson, N. (author), Junker, K. (author), Jonker, D. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
β-Glucans are water-soluble cell-wall polysaccharides consisting of (1→3,1→4)-linked β-D-glucopyranosyl monomers that comprise a considerable proportion of soluble fiber from certain grains including oats and barley. Consumption of foods containing β-glucan or β-glucan-enriched fractions prepared from these grains lower serum cholesterol...
article 2003
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Gierus, M. (author), Schwarz, F.J. (author), Kirchgessner, M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In three separate trial series (TS) the effect of diet composition on selenium (Se) status of dairy cows were investigated. Diets were formulated based mainly on grass (TS1), grass silage (TS2) or maize silage (TS3) with different levels of Se supplementation. Each TS comprised a total of 30 dairy cows and contained one treatment group without...
article 2002
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van Kempen, T.A.T.G. (author), Kim, I.B. (author), Jansman, A.J.M. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Hancock, J.D. (author), Lee, D.J. (author), Gabert, V.M. (author), Albin, D.M. (author), Fahey Jr, G.C. (author), Grieshop, C.M. (author), Mahan, D. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
To assess differences in soybean meal quality related to region of production, researchers in Illinois, Kansas, North Carolina, The Netherlands, and Ohio collected four soybean meal samples processed locally at least 15 d apart. These samples were assayed for ileal amino acid digestibility by pigs using a common soybean meal and a soy protein...
article 2002
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Szabó, C. (author), Jansman, A.J.M. (author), Babinszky, L. (author), Kanis, E. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The effects of four protein sources (soybean meal, sunflower meal, pea, and fish meal as the main protein source) and three apparent ileally digestible Lys:DE ratios (0.50, 0.43, 0.36 and 0.42, 0.36, 0.30 g Lys/MJ DE for 30 to 60 kg BW and 60 to 105 kg BW, respectively) in pig diets on growing-finishing performance, and carcass and meat quality...
article 2001
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Mack, S. (author), Bercovici, D. (author), de Groote, G. (author), Leclercq, B. (author), Lippens, M. (author), Pack, M. (author), Schutte, J.B. (author), van Cauwenberghe, S. (author), Instituut voor Landbouwkundig Onderzoek en Biochemische Produkten TNO (author)
1. The aim of the study was to determine the ideal ratio of the essential amino acids lysine (Lys), methionine (Met), threonine (Thr), tryptophan (Trp), arginine (Arg), valine (Val) and isoleucine (Ile) and to assess the required dietary lysine concentration for optimum performance in broiler chickens of 2 commercial strains from 20 to 40 d of...
article 1999
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Schrama, J.W. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author)
Fermentable nonstarch polysaccharides (dietary fiber) affect energy retention in group-housed growing pigs by reducing physical activity. This study assessed the effects of fermentation and bulkiness of dietary carbohydrates on physical activity in relation to energy metabolism. Eight clusters of 14 pigs were fed one of four diets in a 2 × 2...
article 1999
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Gielen, D.J. (author), Gerlagh, T. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
In recent years, the Western European MARKAL-model has been extended witha materials system module covering the whole life cycle 'from cradle to grave'. The model including energy and materials is called MATTER 1.0. This document describes a further extension with an agricultural model, called MATTER 2.0. Ten agricultural crop types are...
report 1999
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van der Linde-Sipman, J.S. (author), van den Inch, T.S.G.A.M. (author), van Nes, J.J. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), Kersten, J.G.T.M. (author), Beynen, A.C. (author), Plekkringa, R. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In April 1996, an outbreak of toxic polyneuropathy in cats occurred in the Netherlands. All cats had been fed one of two brands of dry cat food from one manufacturer. Chemical analyses of these foods, stomach contents, and liver and kidney of affected cats revealed contamination with the ionophor salinomycin. Epidemiologic and clinical data were...
article 1999
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Gerrits, W.J.J. (author), Decuypere, E. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Karabinas, V. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
We conducted two experiments with preruminant calves weighing 80 to 240 kg to study the long-term nutritional regulation of circulating IGF-I, thyroxine (T4), and triiodothyronine (T3). The two experiments were similar in design but were performed with calves of two live weight ranges: 80 to 160 kg (Exp. 1) and 160 to 240 kg (Exp. 2). In each...
article 1998
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de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Bär, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of 14C-labeled γ-cyclodextrin ([14C]γ-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In experiment 1, [14C]γ-CD (25 μCi, 600 mg/kg body wt) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In experiment 2, [14C]γ- CD (25 μCi, 1000 mg/kg body wt)...
article 1998
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Til, H.P. (author), Bär, A. (author)
The oral toxicity of γ-cyclodextrin (γ- CD) was examined in a 13-week feeding study in which four groups of four male and four female Beagle dogs received γ-CD in the diet at concentrations of 0 (control), 5, 10, or 20%. No treatment-related changes were noted in behavior or appearance of the dogs and no mortalities occurred. Transient diarrhea...
article 1998
Searched for: subject:"Animal%5C+Feed"
(1 - 20 of 37)

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