Searched for: subject:"Adiposity"
(1 - 20 of 86)

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van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Scheffer, M.A. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), van Muijen, G.N.P. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
It has been reported that omental fat tissue is a good source of human microvascular endothelial cells. By characterization we demonstrate that the epithelioid cells isolated from omental tissue are not endothelial cells, but mesothelial cells. They contain abundant cytokeratins 8 and 18, which are absent in endothelial cells, and vimentin. No...
article 1990
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Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Aro, A. (author), Kark, J.D. (author), Riemersma, R.A. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Gomez-Aracena, J. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Ringstad, J. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Mazaev, V.P. (author), Delgado-Rodriguez, M. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Martin-Moreno, J.M. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Because antioxidants may play a role in the prevention of coronary heart disease by inhibiting the peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), the combined association of diet-derived antioxidants and PUFAs with acute myocardial infarction (MI) was investigated. This multicenter case- control study included 674 patients and 725 control...
article 1995
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Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), van Schoonhoven, J. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
For an evaluation of fat-soluble vitamin concentrations in adipose tissue as biomarkers of intake, estimates of usual intake of β-carotene, total vitamin A, and vitamin E (assessed by food frequency questionnaire) were compared with plasma and adipose tissue concentrations of β-carotene, retinol, and α-tocopherol, respectively. Data were...
article 1995
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Virtanen, S.M. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Aro, A. (author), EURAMIC Study Group (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To evaluate the levels of adipose tissue alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, and toenail selenium and their determinants. Design: Control subjects from multicentre case-control study on antioxidants, myocardial infarction and cancer of the breast. Subjects and setting: 686 male and 339 female middle-aged and elderly subjects from...
article 1996
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van 't Veer, P. (author), Strain, J.J. (author), Fernandez-Crehuet, J. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Martin-Moreno, J.M. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Antioxidants may protect against free radical mediated carcinogenesis. Epidemiological studies have not confirmed this hypothesis for breast cancer, possibly because of methodological limitations. Time-integrated exposure of α-tocopherol and β-carotene in adipose tissue, and selenium in toenails was investigated in a case-control study among...
article 1996
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Virtanen, S.M. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Aro, A. (author)
The adipose tissue carotenoid (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, and lycopene) and retinol levels and their predictors were determined in 686 male and 339 female middle-aged and elderly subjects from eight European countries and Israel during the years 1991 to 1992. Adipose tissue carotenoid levels in men were 50-76% of those in women, whereas the...
article 1996
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Boer, J.M.A. (author), Ehnholm, C. (author), Menzel, H.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rosseneu, M. (author), O'Reilly, D.S.J. (author), Tiret, L. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
To elucidate how the apolipoprotein (apo)E polymorphism and modifiable factors interact in explaining plasma lipid and apolipoprotein levels, we studied 1448 young adults (18 to 26 years old), participating in the European Atherosclerosis Research Study (EARS). Venous blood was collected after an overnight fast. Modifiable factors, eg, body mass...
article 1997
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van 't Veer, P. (author), Lobbezoo, E. (author), Martín-Moreno, J.M. (author), Guallar, E. (author), Gómez-Aracena, J. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Strain, J.J. (author), Thamm, M. (author), van Zoonen, P. (author), Baumann, B.A. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: To examine any possible links between exposure to DDE (1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl)ethylene), the persistent metabolite of the pesticide dicophane DDT), and breast cancer. Design: Multicentre study of exposure to DDE by measurement of adipose tissue aspirated from the buttocks. Laboratory measurements were conducted in a...
article 1997
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Su, L.C.J. (author), Bui, M. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), Gomez-Aracena, J. (author), Martin-Moreno, J. (author), Martin, B. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Simonsen, N. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Strain, S. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Biomarkers of dietary exposure or nutritional status are sought actively to overcome limitations of traditional dietary methodology. We compared plasma and adipose tissue biomarkers for carotenoids and tocopherols. The data consisted of samples from 91 men and 122 women, ages 45-70 years, from the control group of the European Community...
article 1998
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Simonsen, N. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Strain, J.J. (author), Martin-Moreno, J.M. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Navajas, J.F.-C. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The fatty acid content of adipose tissue in postmenopausal breast cancer cases and controls from five European countries in the European Community Multicenter Study on Antioxidants, Myocardial Infarction, and Cancer (EURAMIC) breast cancer study (1991-1992) was used to explore the hypothesis that fatty acids of the omega-3 family inhibit breast...
article 1998
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Giltay, E.J. (author), Elbers, J.M.H. (author), Gooren, L.J.G. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Asscheman, H. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Increased plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) levels, leading to impaired fibrinolysis, are associated with increased visceral fat in middle-aged and obese subjects. It is unknown, however, whether this association is independent of other disturbances clustered in the insulin resistance syndrome. We analyzed this association in young,...
article 1998
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Kockx, M. (author), Leenen, R. (author), Seidell, J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
This study was aimed at evaluating the relationship between visceral fat accumulation and plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels in healthy, obese men and women undergoing weight loss therapy. The subjects, 25 men and 25 premenopausal women, aged between 26 and 49 years, with an initial body mass index between 28 and 38 kg/m2,...
article 1999
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Guallar, E. (author), Aro, A. (author), Jiménez, F.J. (author), Martín-Moreno, J.M. (author), Salminen, I. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Gömez-Aracena, J. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Kark, J.D. (author), Mazaev, V.P. (author), Ringstad, J. (author), Guillén, J. (author), Riemersma, R.A. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kok, F.J. (author)
Omega-3 fatty acids have potential antiatherogenic, antithrombotic, and antiarrhythmic properties, but their role in coronary heart disease remains controversial. To evaluate the association of omega-3 fatty acids in adipose tissue with the risk of myocardial infarction in men, a case-control study was conducted in eight European countries and...
article 1999
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Sanz-Gallardo, M.I. (author), Guallar, E. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Longnecker, M.P. (author), Strain, J.J. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Fernández-Crehuet, J. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Martín-Moreno, J.M. (author)
To identify the determinants of p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (p,p'-DDE) in adipose tissue in subjects who participated in a cross- sectional study, we analyzed fatty acids, antioxidants, and p,p'-DDE in aspirates of adipose tissue of 328 postmenopausal women from 5 European countries. The overall mean of p,p'-DDE concentration was 1.66 μg...
article 1999
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Yudkin, J.S. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Coppack, S.W. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
C-reactive protein, a hepatic acute phase protein largely regulated by circulating levels of interleukin-6, predicts coronary heart disease incidence in healthy subjects. We have shown that subcutaneous adipose tissue secretes interleukin-6 in vivo. In this study we have sought associations of levels of C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 with...
article 1999
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van de Vijver, L.P.L. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Couet, C. (author), Aro, A. (author), Kafatos, A. (author), Steingrimsdottir, L. (author), Amorim Cruz, J.A. (author), Moreiras, O. (author), Becker, W. (author), van Amelsvoort, J.M.M. (author), Vidal-Jessel, S. (author), Salminen, I. (author), Moschandreas, J. (author), Sigfússon, N. (author), Martins, I. (author), Carbajal, A. (author), Ytterfors, A. (author), van Poppel, G. (author)
Background: High intakes of trans fatty acids (TFA) have been found to exert an undersirable effect on serum lipid profiles, and thus may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. Objective: Investigation of the association between TFA intake and serum lipids. Design: Cross-sectional study in eight European countries (Finland, France, Greece...
article 2000
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Koopmans, S.J. (author), Jong, M.C. (author), Que, I. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Radder, J.K. (author), Frölich, M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Aims/hypothesis. Insulin resistance for glucose metabolism is associated with hyperlipidaemia and high blood pressure. In this study we investigated the effect of primary hyperlipidaemia on basal and insulin-mediated glucose and on non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) metabolism and mean arterial pressure in hyperlipidaemic transgenic mice...
article 2001
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Goudriaan, J.R. (author), Tacken, P.J. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), Gijbels, M.J.J. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Jong, M.C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
It has previously been reported that mice lacking the VLDL receptor (VLDLR-/-) exhibit normal plasma lipid levels and a modest decrease in adipose tissue mass. In the present study, the effect of VLDLR deficiency on profound weight gain was studied in mice. Obesity was induced either by feeding of a high-fat, high-calorie (HFC) diet or by...
article 2001
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Gómez-Aracena, J. (author), Martin-Moreno, J.M. (author), Riemersma, R.A. (author), Bode, P. (author), Gutiérrez-Bedmar, M. (author), Gorgojo, L. (author), Kark, J.D. (author), Garcia-Rodríguez, A. (author), Gomez-Gracia, E. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Aro, A. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Wedel, H. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Fernández-Crehuet, J. (author)
The association between scandium status and risk of acute myocardial infarction (MI) was examined in a multicentre case control study in 10 centres from Europe and Israel. Scandium in toenails was assessed in 684 cases and 724 controls less than 70 years of age. Mean concentrations of toenail scandium were 6.74 μg/kg in cases and 7.75 μg/kg in...
article 2002
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Berendschot, T.T.J.M. (author), Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), van Norren, D. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Objective: To investigate whether nutritional factors and possible risk factors for cataract influence the lens optical density (LOD). Design: Three hundred seventy-six subjects, aged 18 to 75 years, were recruited. In a cross-sectional design, serum was analyzed for lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamin C, α-tocopherol, and cholesterol levels. Adipose...
article 2002
Searched for: subject:"Adiposity"
(1 - 20 of 86)

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