Searched for: subject:"Adiposity"
(1 - 20 of 30)

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Tans, R. (author), van Diepen, J.A. (author), Bijlsma, S. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Suppers, A. (author), Stienstra, R. (author), Wevers, R.A. (author), Tack, C.J. (author), Gloerich, J. (author), van Gool, A.J. (author)
Background: Overweight and obesity can lead to adipose tissue inflammation, which causes insulin resistance and on the long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). The inflammatory changes of obese-adipose tissue are characterized by macrophage infiltration and activation, but validated circulating biomarkers for adipose tissue inflammation for...
article 2019
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Hoeke, G. (author), Wang, Y. (author), van Dam, A.D. (author), Mol, M. (author), Gart, E. (author), Klop, H.G. (author), van den Berg, S.M. (author), Pieterman, E.H. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Boon, M.R. (author)
Background and aims Activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) reduces both hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis by increasing the uptake of triglyceride-derived fatty acids by BAT, accompanied by formation and clearance of lipoprotein remnants. We tested the hypothesis that the hepatic uptake of lipoprotein remnants generated by BAT activation...
article 2017
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Berbeé, J.F.P. (author), Boon, M.R. (author), Khedoe, P.P.S.J. (author), Bartelt, A. (author), Schlein, C. (author), Worthmann, A. (author), Kooijman, S. (author), Hoeke, G. (author), Mol, I.M. (author), John, C. (author), Jung, C. (author), Vazirpanah, N. (author), Brouwers, L.P.J. (author), Gordts, P.L.S.M. (author), Esko, J.D. (author), Hiemstra, P.S. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Scheja, L. (author), Heeren, J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) combusts high amounts of fatty acids, thereby lowering plasma triglyceride levels and reducing obesity. However, the precise role of BAT in plasma cholesterol metabolism and atherosclerosis development remains unclear. Here we show that BAT activation by b3-adrenergic receptor stimulation protects from atherosclerosis...
article 2015
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Kooijman, S. (author), Boon, M.R. (author), Parlevliet, E.T. (author), Geerling, J.J. (author), van de Pol, V. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Meurs, I. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
The melanocortin system is an important regulator of energy balance, and melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) deficiency is the most common monogenic cause of obesity. We investigated whether the relationship between melanocortin system activity and energy expenditure (EE) is mediated by brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity. Therefore, female APOE∗3...
article 2014
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Bakker, G.C.M. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Pellis, L. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Rubingh, C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Low-grade chronic inflammation in overweight subjects is thought to play an important role in disease development. Objective: It was hypothesized that specific dietary components are able to reduce low-grade inflammation as well as metabolic and oxidative stress. Design: Dietary products [resveratrol, green tea extract, α-tocopherol,...
article 2010
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Koppes, L.L.J. (author), Boon, N. (author), Nooyens, A.C.J. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The distribution of the four macronutrients is associated with energy intake and body fatness according to short-term interventions. The present study involves macronutrient distribution in relation to energy intake and body fatness over a period of 23 years in individuals who have ad libitum access to food. Eight follow-up measurements have...
article 2009
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Lu, Z.F. (author), Zandieh-Doulabi, B. (author), Wuisman, P.I. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Helder, M.N. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Tissue microenvironment plays a critical role in guiding local stem cell differentiation. Within the intervertebral disc, collagen type II and nucleus pulposus (NP) cells are two major components. This study aimed to investigate how collagen type II and NP cells affect adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) in a 3D environment. ASCs were...
article 2008
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van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Teusink, B. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Pijl, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Obese humans are often insulin- and leptin resistant. Since leptin can affect glucose metabolism, it is conceivable that a lack of leptin signal transduction contributes to insulin resistance. It remains unclear whether leptin affects glucose metabolism via peripheral and/or central mechanistic routes. In the present study, we aimed: (i) to...
article 2008
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Blum, R. (author), Kiy, T. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, I. (author), Wong, A.W. (author), Roberts, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids, including docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are natural constituents of the human diet. DHA-algal oil is produced through the use of the marine protist, Ulkenia sp. The reproductive toxicity of DHA-algal oil was assessed in a one-generation study. Rats were provided diets containing DHA-algal oil at concentrations of 1.5,...
article 2007
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Westerterp, M. (author), van Eck, M. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Apolipoprotein CI (apoCI) is expressed in the liver and in macrophages, and has several roles in lipid metabolism. Since macrophage apoCI expression might affect macrophage lipid homeostasis and atherosclerotic lesion development locally in the arterial wall, we investigated the effect of both systemic and macrophage apoCI on...
article 2007
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Gray, S.L. (author), Dalla Nora, E. (author), Grosse, J. (author), Manieri, M. (author), Stoeger, T. (author), Medina-Gomez, G. (author), Burling, K. (author), Wattler, S. (author), Russ, A. (author), Yeo, G.S.H. (author), Chatterjee, V.K. (author), O'Rahilly, S. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Cinti, S. (author), Vidal-Puig, A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ is a key transcription factor facilitating fat deposition in adipose tissue through its proadipogenic and lipogenic actions. Human patients with dominant-negative mutations in PPARγ display lipodystrophy and extreme insulin resistance. For this reason it was completely unexpected that mice...
article 2006
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den Boer, M.A.M. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Reiss, P. (author), van der Valk, M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Objective - The use of the HIV protease inhibitor ritonavir (RTV) is frequently associated with hypertriglyceridemia and lipodystrophy. The aim of our study was to determine the mechanism underlying the observed hypertriglyceridemia. Methods and Results - Feeding female APOE*3-Leiden transgenic mice a Western-type diet supplemented with RTV (35...
article 2006
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Gerritsen, G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Kypreos, K.E. (author), Zannis, V.I. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of human apolipoprotein E (apoE) induces hyperlipidemia by stimulating the VLDL-triglyceride (TG) production rate and inhibiting the LPL-mediated VLDL-TG hydrolysis rate. Because apoC-III is a strong inhibitor of TG hydrolysis, we questioned whether Apoc3 deficiency might prevent the hyperlipidemia induced by...
article 2005
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Euser, A.M. (author), Finken, M.J.J. (author), Keijzer-Veen, M.G. (author), Hille, E.T.M. (author), Wit, J.M. (author), Dekker, F.W. (author)
Background: Increasing evidence indicates that adult body composition is associated with prenatal and infancy weight gain, but the relative importance of different time periods has not been elucidated. Objective: The objective was to study the association between prenatal, early postnatal, and late infancy weight gain and body mass index (BMI),...
article 2005
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Goudriaan, J.R. (author), Espirito Santo, S.M.S. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Teusink, B. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The VLDL receptor (VLDLr) is involved in tissue delivery of VLDL-triglyceride (TG)-derived FFA by facilitating the expression of lipoprotein lipase (LPL). However, vldlr-/- mice do not show altered plasma lipoprotein levels, despite reduced LPL expression. Because LPL activity is crucial in postprandial lipid metabolism, we investigated whether...
article 2004
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Ferreira, I. (author), Snijder, M.B. (author), Twisk, J.W.R. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Kemper, H.C.G. (author), Seidell, J.C. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), TNO Arbeid (author)
Central and peripheral fatness seem to confer opposite (i.e. adverse vs. protective) effects on cardiovascular risk, but how this occurs is not clear. In addition, the role of peripheral lean mass needs to be elucidated. We therefore investigated, in 336 (175 women) 36-yr-old and apparently healthy adults, the relationship between trunk fat,...
article 2004
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Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Berendschot, T.T.J.R. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), de Vries, A.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Tijburg, L.B.M. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Background: Macular pigment (MP), concentrated in the central area of the retina, contains the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin. A low MP density could be a risk factor for age-related macular degeneration. Little information is available regarding MP density in relation to serum lutein and zeaxanthin and adipose lutein concentrations in a...
article 2002
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van de Vijver, L.P.L. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Couet, C. (author), Aro, A. (author), Kafatos, A. (author), Steingrimsdottir, L. (author), Amorim Cruz, J.A. (author), Moreiras, O. (author), Becker, W. (author), van Amelsvoort, J.M.M. (author), Vidal-Jessel, S. (author), Salminen, I. (author), Moschandreas, J. (author), Sigfússon, N. (author), Martins, I. (author), Carbajal, A. (author), Ytterfors, A. (author), van Poppel, G. (author)
Background: High intakes of trans fatty acids (TFA) have been found to exert an undersirable effect on serum lipid profiles, and thus may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. Objective: Investigation of the association between TFA intake and serum lipids. Design: Cross-sectional study in eight European countries (Finland, France, Greece...
article 2000
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Kockx, M. (author), Leenen, R. (author), Seidell, J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
This study was aimed at evaluating the relationship between visceral fat accumulation and plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels in healthy, obese men and women undergoing weight loss therapy. The subjects, 25 men and 25 premenopausal women, aged between 26 and 49 years, with an initial body mass index between 28 and 38 kg/m2,...
article 1999
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Sanz-Gallardo, M.I. (author), Guallar, E. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Longnecker, M.P. (author), Strain, J.J. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Fernández-Crehuet, J. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Martín-Moreno, J.M. (author)
To identify the determinants of p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (p,p'-DDE) in adipose tissue in subjects who participated in a cross- sectional study, we analyzed fatty acids, antioxidants, and p,p'-DDE in aspirates of adipose tissue of 328 postmenopausal women from 5 European countries. The overall mean of p,p'-DDE concentration was 1.66 μg...
article 1999
Searched for: subject:"Adiposity"
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