Searched for: subject:"Adiposity"
(1 - 18 of 18)
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Tans, R. (author), van Diepen, J.A. (author), Bijlsma, S. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Suppers, A. (author), Stienstra, R. (author), Wevers, R.A. (author), Tack, C.J. (author), Gloerich, J. (author), van Gool, A.J. (author)
Background: Overweight and obesity can lead to adipose tissue inflammation, which causes insulin resistance and on the long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). The inflammatory changes of obese-adipose tissue are characterized by macrophage infiltration and activation, but validated circulating biomarkers for adipose tissue inflammation for...
article 2019
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Wopereis, S. (author), Stroeve, J.H.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Pellis, L. (author), Boessen, R. (author), Kardinaal, A.A.F. (author), van Ommen, B. (author)
Background: A key feature of metabolic health is the ability to adapt upon dietary perturbations. Recently, it was shown that metabolic challenge tests in combination with the new generation biomarkers allow the simultaneous quantification of major metabolic health processes. Currently, applied challenge tests are largely non-standardized. A...
article 2017
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Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Dutman, A.E. (author), Stroeve, J.H.M. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), Bijlsma, S. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Wopereis, S. (author)
Metabolism maintains homeostasis at chronic hypercaloric conditions, activating postprandial response mechanisms, which come at the cost of adaptation processes such as energy storage, eventually with negative health consequences. This study quantified the metabolic adaptation capacity by studying challenge response curves. After a high-fat...
article 2015
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Beulens, J.W.J. (author), van Beers, R.M. (author), Stolk, R.P. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To investigate the effect of moderate alcohol consumption on fat distribution, adipose tissue secreted proteins (adiponectin and resistin), and insulin sensitivity in healthy middle-aged men with abdominal obesity. Research Methods and Procedures: Thirty-four healthy men between 35 and 70 years old, with increased waist circumference ...
article 2006
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Sierksma, A. (author), Patel, H. (author), Ouchi, N. (author), Kihara, S. (author), Funahashi, T. (author), Heine, R.J. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
OBJECTIVE - Epidemiological studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumers have enhanced insulin sensitivity and a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived plasma protein, has been found to be negatively associated with adiposity and positively associated with insulin sensitivity. Moderate alcohol consumption may...
article 2004
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Berendschot, T.T.J.M. (author), Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), van Norren, D. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Objective: To investigate whether nutritional factors and possible risk factors for cataract influence the lens optical density (LOD). Design: Three hundred seventy-six subjects, aged 18 to 75 years, were recruited. In a cross-sectional design, serum was analyzed for lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamin C, α-tocopherol, and cholesterol levels. Adipose...
article 2002
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Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Berendschot, T.T.J.R. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), de Vries, A.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Tijburg, L.B.M. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Background: Macular pigment (MP), concentrated in the central area of the retina, contains the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin. A low MP density could be a risk factor for age-related macular degeneration. Little information is available regarding MP density in relation to serum lutein and zeaxanthin and adipose lutein concentrations in a...
article 2002
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van de Vijver, L.P.L. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Couet, C. (author), Aro, A. (author), Kafatos, A. (author), Steingrimsdottir, L. (author), Amorim Cruz, J.A. (author), Moreiras, O. (author), Becker, W. (author), van Amelsvoort, J.M.M. (author), Vidal-Jessel, S. (author), Salminen, I. (author), Moschandreas, J. (author), Sigfússon, N. (author), Martins, I. (author), Carbajal, A. (author), Ytterfors, A. (author), van Poppel, G. (author)
Background: High intakes of trans fatty acids (TFA) have been found to exert an undersirable effect on serum lipid profiles, and thus may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. Objective: Investigation of the association between TFA intake and serum lipids. Design: Cross-sectional study in eight European countries (Finland, France, Greece...
article 2000
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Guallar, E. (author), Aro, A. (author), Jiménez, F.J. (author), Martín-Moreno, J.M. (author), Salminen, I. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Gömez-Aracena, J. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Kark, J.D. (author), Mazaev, V.P. (author), Ringstad, J. (author), Guillén, J. (author), Riemersma, R.A. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kok, F.J. (author)
Omega-3 fatty acids have potential antiatherogenic, antithrombotic, and antiarrhythmic properties, but their role in coronary heart disease remains controversial. To evaluate the association of omega-3 fatty acids in adipose tissue with the risk of myocardial infarction in men, a case-control study was conducted in eight European countries and...
article 1999
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Sanz-Gallardo, M.I. (author), Guallar, E. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Longnecker, M.P. (author), Strain, J.J. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Fernández-Crehuet, J. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Martín-Moreno, J.M. (author)
To identify the determinants of p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (p,p'-DDE) in adipose tissue in subjects who participated in a cross- sectional study, we analyzed fatty acids, antioxidants, and p,p'-DDE in aspirates of adipose tissue of 328 postmenopausal women from 5 European countries. The overall mean of p,p'-DDE concentration was 1.66 μg...
article 1999
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Yudkin, J.S. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Coppack, S.W. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
C-reactive protein, a hepatic acute phase protein largely regulated by circulating levels of interleukin-6, predicts coronary heart disease incidence in healthy subjects. We have shown that subcutaneous adipose tissue secretes interleukin-6 in vivo. In this study we have sought associations of levels of C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 with...
article 1999
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Su, L.C.J. (author), Bui, M. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), Gomez-Aracena, J. (author), Martin-Moreno, J. (author), Martin, B. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Simonsen, N. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Strain, S. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Biomarkers of dietary exposure or nutritional status are sought actively to overcome limitations of traditional dietary methodology. We compared plasma and adipose tissue biomarkers for carotenoids and tocopherols. The data consisted of samples from 91 men and 122 women, ages 45-70 years, from the control group of the European Community...
article 1998
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Simonsen, N. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Strain, J.J. (author), Martin-Moreno, J.M. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Navajas, J.F.-C. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The fatty acid content of adipose tissue in postmenopausal breast cancer cases and controls from five European countries in the European Community Multicenter Study on Antioxidants, Myocardial Infarction, and Cancer (EURAMIC) breast cancer study (1991-1992) was used to explore the hypothesis that fatty acids of the omega-3 family inhibit breast...
article 1998
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van 't Veer, P. (author), Lobbezoo, E. (author), Martín-Moreno, J.M. (author), Guallar, E. (author), Gómez-Aracena, J. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Strain, J.J. (author), Thamm, M. (author), van Zoonen, P. (author), Baumann, B.A. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: To examine any possible links between exposure to DDE (1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl)ethylene), the persistent metabolite of the pesticide dicophane DDT), and breast cancer. Design: Multicentre study of exposure to DDE by measurement of adipose tissue aspirated from the buttocks. Laboratory measurements were conducted in a...
article 1997
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Virtanen, S.M. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Aro, A. (author), EURAMIC Study Group (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To evaluate the levels of adipose tissue alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, and toenail selenium and their determinants. Design: Control subjects from multicentre case-control study on antioxidants, myocardial infarction and cancer of the breast. Subjects and setting: 686 male and 339 female middle-aged and elderly subjects from...
article 1996
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van 't Veer, P. (author), Strain, J.J. (author), Fernandez-Crehuet, J. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Martin-Moreno, J.M. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Antioxidants may protect against free radical mediated carcinogenesis. Epidemiological studies have not confirmed this hypothesis for breast cancer, possibly because of methodological limitations. Time-integrated exposure of α-tocopherol and β-carotene in adipose tissue, and selenium in toenails was investigated in a case-control study among...
article 1996
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Virtanen, S.M. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Aro, A. (author)
The adipose tissue carotenoid (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, and lycopene) and retinol levels and their predictors were determined in 686 male and 339 female middle-aged and elderly subjects from eight European countries and Israel during the years 1991 to 1992. Adipose tissue carotenoid levels in men were 50-76% of those in women, whereas the...
article 1996
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Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), van Schoonhoven, J. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
For an evaluation of fat-soluble vitamin concentrations in adipose tissue as biomarkers of intake, estimates of usual intake of β-carotene, total vitamin A, and vitamin E (assessed by food frequency questionnaire) were compared with plasma and adipose tissue concentrations of β-carotene, retinol, and α-tocopherol, respectively. Data were...
article 1995
Searched for: subject:"Adiposity"
(1 - 18 of 18)