Searched for: subject:"Adiposity"
(1 - 20 of 34)

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Tans, R. (author), van Diepen, J.A. (author), Bijlsma, S. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Suppers, A. (author), Stienstra, R. (author), Wevers, R.A. (author), Tack, C.J. (author), Gloerich, J. (author), van Gool, A.J. (author)
Background: Overweight and obesity can lead to adipose tissue inflammation, which causes insulin resistance and on the long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). The inflammatory changes of obese-adipose tissue are characterized by macrophage infiltration and activation, but validated circulating biomarkers for adipose tissue inflammation for...
article 2019
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van der Heijden, R.A. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), Sheedfar, F. (author), Mulder, P. (author), Schreurs, M. (author), Hommelberg, P.P.H. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Schalkwijk, C. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Tietge, U.J.F. (author), Koonen, D.P.Y. (author), Heeringa, P. (author)
Background. Naturally occurring substances from the flavanol and anthocyanin family of polyphenols have been proposed to exert beneficial effects in the course of obesity. We hypothesized that their effects on attenuating obesity-induced dyslipidemia as well as the associated inflammatory sequelae especially have health-promoting potential....
article 2016
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Bakker, G.C.M. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Pellis, L. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Rubingh, C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Low-grade chronic inflammation in overweight subjects is thought to play an important role in disease development. Objective: It was hypothesized that specific dietary components are able to reduce low-grade inflammation as well as metabolic and oxidative stress. Design: Dietary products [resveratrol, green tea extract, α-tocopherol,...
article 2010
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Koppes, L.L.J. (author), Boon, N. (author), Nooyens, A.C.J. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The distribution of the four macronutrients is associated with energy intake and body fatness according to short-term interventions. The present study involves macronutrient distribution in relation to energy intake and body fatness over a period of 23 years in individuals who have ad libitum access to food. Eight follow-up measurements have...
article 2009
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Lu, Z.F. (author), Doulabi, B.Z. (author), Huang, C.L. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Helder, M.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
β1 integrins play a controversial role during chondrogenesis. Since the maturation of chondrocytes relies on a signaling switch from cell-cell to cell-matrix interactions, we hypothesized that β1 integrins play a different role at the earlier (mainly cell-cell interaction) from the later stage (mainly cell-matrix interaction) of chondrogenesis....
article 2008
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Lu, Z.F. (author), Zandieh-Doulabi, B. (author), Wuisman, P.I. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Helder, M.N. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Tissue microenvironment plays a critical role in guiding local stem cell differentiation. Within the intervertebral disc, collagen type II and nucleus pulposus (NP) cells are two major components. This study aimed to investigate how collagen type II and NP cells affect adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) in a 3D environment. ASCs were...
article 2008
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Gray, S.L. (author), Dalla Nora, E. (author), Grosse, J. (author), Manieri, M. (author), Stoeger, T. (author), Medina-Gomez, G. (author), Burling, K. (author), Wattler, S. (author), Russ, A. (author), Yeo, G.S.H. (author), Chatterjee, V.K. (author), O'Rahilly, S. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Cinti, S. (author), Vidal-Puig, A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ is a key transcription factor facilitating fat deposition in adipose tissue through its proadipogenic and lipogenic actions. Human patients with dominant-negative mutations in PPARγ display lipodystrophy and extreme insulin resistance. For this reason it was completely unexpected that mice...
article 2006
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den Boer, M.A.M. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Reiss, P. (author), van der Valk, M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Objective - The use of the HIV protease inhibitor ritonavir (RTV) is frequently associated with hypertriglyceridemia and lipodystrophy. The aim of our study was to determine the mechanism underlying the observed hypertriglyceridemia. Methods and Results - Feeding female APOE*3-Leiden transgenic mice a Western-type diet supplemented with RTV (35...
article 2006
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den Boer, M.A.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Schröder-van Der Elst, J.P. (author), Korsheninnikova, E. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Several studies have demonstrated an association in humans between plasma levels or production capacity of the antiinflammatory cytokine IL-10 and insulin sensitivity. The aim of our study was to investigate the protective role of endogenous IL-10 availability in the development of diet-induced insulin resistance. We compared parameters of...
article 2006
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Beulens, J.W.J. (author), van Beers, R.M. (author), Stolk, R.P. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To investigate the effect of moderate alcohol consumption on fat distribution, adipose tissue secreted proteins (adiponectin and resistin), and insulin sensitivity in healthy middle-aged men with abdominal obesity. Research Methods and Procedures: Thirty-four healthy men between 35 and 70 years old, with increased waist circumference ...
article 2006
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Euser, A.M. (author), Finken, M.J.J. (author), Keijzer-Veen, M.G. (author), Hille, E.T.M. (author), Wit, J.M. (author), Dekker, F.W. (author)
Background: Increasing evidence indicates that adult body composition is associated with prenatal and infancy weight gain, but the relative importance of different time periods has not been elucidated. Objective: The objective was to study the association between prenatal, early postnatal, and late infancy weight gain and body mass index (BMI),...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Grefhorst, A. (author), van Dijk, T.H. (author), Hammer, A. (author), van der Sluijs, F.H. (author), Havinga, R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Groot, P.H. (author), Reijngoud, D.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author)
Liver X receptor (LXR) agonists have been proposed to act as anti-diabetic drugs. However, pharmacological LXR activation leads to severe hepatic steatosis, a condition usually associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. To address this apparent contradiction, lean and ob/ob mice were treated with the LXR agonist GW-3965 for...
article 2005
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Schaap, F.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Vrins, C. (author), van der Vliet, H.N. (author), Chamuleau, R.A.F.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
ApoAV has been discovered recently as a novel modifier of triglyceride (TG) metabolism, but the pathways involved are currently unknown. To gain insight into the function of apoAV, adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of murine apoa5 to C57Bl/6 mice was employed. The injection of low doses of Ad-apoa5 (1-5 x 108 plaque-forming units/mouse) dose...
article 2004
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Goudriaan, J.R. (author), Espirito Santo, S.M.S. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Teusink, B. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The VLDL receptor (VLDLr) is involved in tissue delivery of VLDL-triglyceride (TG)-derived FFA by facilitating the expression of lipoprotein lipase (LPL). However, vldlr-/- mice do not show altered plasma lipoprotein levels, despite reduced LPL expression. Because LPL activity is crucial in postprandial lipid metabolism, we investigated whether...
article 2004
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Mandard, S. (author), Zandbergen, F. (author), Nguan, S.T. (author), Escher, P. (author), Patsouris, D. (author), Koenig, W. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Bakker, A. (author), Veenman, F. (author), Wahli, W. (author), Müller, M. (author), Kersten, S. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The fasting-induced adipose factor (FIAF, ANGPTL4, PGAR, HFARP) was previously identified as a novel adipocytokine that was up-regulated by fasting, by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists, and by hypoxia. To further characterize FIAF, we studied regulation of FIAF mRNA and protein in liver and adipose cell lines as well as in...
article 2004
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den Boer, M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Epidemiological studies in humans, as well as experimental studies in animal models, have shown an association between visceral obesity and dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Recently, attention has been focused on the excessive accumulation of triglycerides (TG) in the liver as part of this syndrome. In this review,...
article 2004
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Ferreira, I. (author), Snijder, M.B. (author), Twisk, J.W.R. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Kemper, H.C.G. (author), Seidell, J.C. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), TNO Arbeid (author)
Central and peripheral fatness seem to confer opposite (i.e. adverse vs. protective) effects on cardiovascular risk, but how this occurs is not clear. In addition, the role of peripheral lean mass needs to be elucidated. We therefore investigated, in 336 (175 women) 36-yr-old and apparently healthy adults, the relationship between trunk fat,...
article 2004
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Berendschot, T.T.J.M. (author), Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), van Norren, D. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Objective: To investigate whether nutritional factors and possible risk factors for cataract influence the lens optical density (LOD). Design: Three hundred seventy-six subjects, aged 18 to 75 years, were recruited. In a cross-sectional design, serum was analyzed for lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamin C, α-tocopherol, and cholesterol levels. Adipose...
article 2002
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Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Berendschot, T.T.J.R. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), de Vries, A.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Tijburg, L.B.M. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Background: Macular pigment (MP), concentrated in the central area of the retina, contains the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin. A low MP density could be a risk factor for age-related macular degeneration. Little information is available regarding MP density in relation to serum lutein and zeaxanthin and adipose lutein concentrations in a...
article 2002
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Goudriaan, J.R. (author), Tacken, P.J. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), Gijbels, M.J.J. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Jong, M.C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
It has previously been reported that mice lacking the VLDL receptor (VLDLR-/-) exhibit normal plasma lipid levels and a modest decrease in adipose tissue mass. In the present study, the effect of VLDLR deficiency on profound weight gain was studied in mice. Obesity was induced either by feeding of a high-fat, high-calorie (HFC) diet or by...
article 2001
Searched for: subject:"Adiposity"
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