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Yilmaz, P. (author), Schmitz, J. (author), Theelen, M.A.H. (author)
This review paper presents an overview of studies of Potential Induced Degradation (PID) in copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) photovoltaics. It reviews the observations reported in literature, the proposed origins of this high voltage-difference-driven degradation effect and the applied testing methods. Studies on cell, minimodule and...
article 2022
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Gentile, G. (author), Bonalumi, D. (author), Pieterse, J.A.Z. (author), Sebastiani, F. (author), Lucking, L.E. (author), Manzolini, G. (author)
The iron and steel industry accounts for 6 % of the global CO2 emissions and it is one of the main hard-to-abate sectors that must be un-locked to reach climate neutrality in the coming decades. The objective of this work is to assess the economics of the FReSMe (From Residual Steel gases to Methanol) process for reducing the carbon footprint of...
article 2022
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Scheepers, M.J.J. (author), Gamboa Palacios, S. (author), Jegu, E. (author), Pupo Nogueira, L.P. (author), Rutten, L.W. (author), van Stralen, J. (author), Smekens, K.E.L. (author), West, K.J. (author), van der Zwaan, B.C.C. (author)
This paper presents two different scenarios for the energy system of the Netherlands that achieve the Dutch government’s national target of near net-zero greenhouse gas emissions in 2050. Using the system optimisation model OPERA, the authors have analysed the technology, sector and cost implications of the assumptions nderlying these scenarios....
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Nycander, E. (author), Morales España, G.A. (author), Söder, L. (author)
The planning of future power systems with high shares of renewable generation requires modelling large and complex systems over long time periods, resulting in models which are computationally heavy to solve. For this reason methods that can be used to decrease the size of power system dispatch models are needed. A common method in large scale...
article 2022
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Ros, J.A. (author), Skylogianni, E. (author), Doedée, V. (author), van den Akker, J.T. (author), Vredeveldt, A.W. (author), Linders, M.J.G. (author), Goetheer, E.L.V. (author), Garcia Moretz-Sohn Monteiro, J. (author)
The International Maritime Organization has set clear objectives towards drastically reducing greenhouse gas emissions the coming decades in the maritime sector. While different ways to reduce emissions are already proposed, these are not expected to generate high CO2 abatement rates (in the case of fuel saving measures) or to be available and...
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Aghaei, M. (author), Fairbrother, A. (author), Gok, A. (author), Ahmad, S. (author), Kazim, S. (author), Lobato, K. (author), Oreski, G. (author), Reinders, A. (author), Schmitz, J. (author), Theelen, M.A.H. (author), Yilmaz, P. (author), Kettle, J. (author)
The degradation of photovoltaic (PV) systems is one of the key factors to address in order to reduce the cost of the electricity produced by increasing the operational lifetime of PV systems. To reduce the degradation, it is imperative to know the degradation and failure phenomena. This review article has been prepared to present an overview of...
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Varotto, S.F. (author), Mons, C. (author), Hogema, J. (author), Christoph, M. (author), van Nes, N. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Advanced driver assistance systems such as adaptive cruise control (ACC) and lane keeping system (LKS) potentially contribute to reducing crash rates and traffic congestion. On-road studies based on early ACC systems operational at medium–high speeds only have shown that the system reduces the proportion of short time gaps when activated....
article 2022
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Mooren, N. (author), Witvoet, G. (author), Oomen, T. (author)
Repetitive control enables the exact compensation of periodic disturbances if the internal model is appropriately selected. The aim of this paper is to develop a novel synthesis technique for repetitive control (RC) based on a new more general internal model. By employing a Gaussian process internal model, asymptotic rejection is obtained for a...
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Hernández-Balaguera, E. (author), Munoz-Díaz, L. (author), Pereyra, C. (author), Lira-Cantu, M. (author), Najafi, M. (author), Galagan, Y. (author)
The unprecedented increase of photovoltaic perovskites performance metrics has been obscured by the puzzling phenomenology underlying the device's anomalous ionic/electronic landscape. Thus, the establishment of a reliable measurement protocol of efficiency measurements, unanimously adopted by the perovskite's community, is indeed necessary to...
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Mazur, N. (author), Huinink, H. (author), Borm, B. (author), Sansota, S. (author), Fischer, H. (author), Adan, O.C.G. (author)
This work studied the reversible dehydration of potassium carbonate sesquihydrate (K2CO3·1.5H2O). The study is based on isobaric and isothermal thermogravimetric measurements conducted at a broad range of vapour pressures and temperatures. By controlling both parameters, we examined the influence of both constraints on the reaction kinetics at a...
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Herrmann, A. (author), van Soestbergen, M. (author), Erich, S.J.F. (author), van der Ven, L.G.J. (author), Huinink, H.P. (author), van Driel, W.D. (author), Mavinkurve, A. (author), De Buyl, F. (author), Adan, O.C.G. (author)
The risk of corrosion poses a challenge to meet the stringent reliability requirements of microelectronic devices that are used in harsh environments. Microelectronic devices are often encapsulated in polymer packaging materials, which protect them from corrosion. These polymers are, however, not completely hermetic and thus allow small amounts...
article 2022
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Aiello, S. (author)
The KM3NeT Collaboration is currently constructing a multi-site high-energy neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea consisting of matrices of pressure-resistant glass spheres, each holding a set of 31 small-area photomultipliers. The main goals of the telescope are the observation of neutrino sources in the Universe and the measurement of...
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Mooij, A.J. (author)
In the last couple of years several dynamically-typed, object-oriented programming languages have been equipped with optional static type checkers. This typically requires these languages to be extended with a downcast operator, which is a common operator in statically-typed languages but not in dynamically-typed languages. Our objective is to...
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Stephan, U. (author), Steinke, O. (author), Ushakov, A. (author), Verlaan, A.L. (author), Yatsuka, E. (author), Yokoyama, M. (author), Rijfers, A. (author), C.A. Ribeiro, D. (author), Moser, L. (author), Bassan, M. (author), Maniscalco, M.P. (author), van Beekum, E.R.J. (author), Hatae, T. (author)
The ITER Edge Thomson scattering system provides measurements of the electron temperature and density profiles at the periphery plasma of the ITER tokamak for physics studies and advanced plasma control. The frontend of the system contains a relatively large 23 cm × 25.8 cm metal first mirror (FM). Radio-frequency plasma is considered to remove...
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Mazur, N. (author), Salviati, S. (author), Huinink, H. (author), Fina, A. (author), Carioso, A. (author), Fisher, P. (author), Adan, O. (author)
Thermochemical heat storage (TCHS) in salt hydrates attracts increasing interest due to the high energy density combined with loss-free storage. Strontium bromide hexahydrate (SBH), and composites thereof, are often suggested as suitable materials for this application. Although many aspects of SBH composites have been thoroughly investigated,...
article 2022
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van den Berg, R.M. (author), Joosen, M.J.A. (author), Savransky, V. (author), Cochrane, L. (author), Noort, D. (author)
Ricin is a proteinaceous toxin, listed on the schedules of both the chemical and biological weapons conventions. The ease of accessibility to the Ricinus communis plant and toxin extraction makes ricin a viable concern for use of intentional release and causal effects. The adverse effects following exposure to the toxin are caused by the...
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Sánchez Diéguez, M. (author), Taminiau, F.L. (author), West, K.J. (author), Sijm, J.P.M. (author), Faaij, A.P.C. (author)
Owing to the complexity of the sector, industrial activities are often represented with limited technological reso- lution in integrated energy system models. In this study, we enriched the technological description of industrial activities in the integrated energy system analysis optimisation (IESA-Opt) model, a peer-reviewed energy system...
article 2022
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Garcia Moretz-Sohn Monteiro, J. (author), Roussanaly, S. (author)
In this work, four illustrative CO2 capture, utilization and storage chains are investigated in order to evaluate the economic feasibility of CCUS technologies in connection to the cement industry. A CCS reference chain in which 90% of the CO2 emissions (or 0,694 MtCO2/y) are stored in a saline aquifer is first studied. Due to emissions related...
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de Amorim Soares, G. (author), Carolus, J. (author), Daenen, M. (author), Masolin, A. (author), Birrenbach, T. (author), Gerber, A. (author), Wrigley, A. (author), Henzel, J. (author), Roosen, D. (author), Meuris, M. (author), Theelen, M.J. (author)
A round robin test was carried out in four PV laboratories to compare accelerated lifetime testing. Twenty commercial non-packaged CIGS solar cells of similar performance were spread and exposed to damp heat con-ditions (85 ◦C and 85% RH) for approximately 500 h. Their JV performance was monitored during the damp heat exposure. After the test,...
article 2021
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Dalla Longa, F. (author), van der Zwaan, B.C.C. (author)
A large part of the population in many African countries lacks access to electricity, in contrast to the ambition of reaching universal energy access as expressed in the Sustainable Development Goals. Off-grid electricity technologies have been proposed as an important means to solve this challenge. It is uncertain, however, at what rate these...
article 2021
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