Searched for: mods_originInfo_dateIssued_s:"2008"
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Steeneken, P.A.M. (author), Woortman, A.J.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The occurrence of surface effects in the acetylation of granular potato starch with acetic anhydride to degrees of substitution 0.04-0.2 was studied by two different approaches. The first approach involved the fractionation of granular starch acetates into five different size classes and analysis of their acetate content. Alternatively, two...
article 2008
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ter Beek, A. (author), Keijser, B.J.F. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Zakrzewska, A. (author), Orij, R. (author), Smits, G.J. (author), Brul, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The weak organic acid sorbic acid is a commonly used food preservative, as it inhibits the growth of bacteria, yeasts, and molds. We have used genome-wide transcriptional profiling of Bacillus subtilis cells during mild sorbic acid stress to reveal the growth-inhibitory activity of this preservative and to identify potential resistance...
article 2008
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Lu, Z.F. (author), Doulabi, B.Z. (author), Huang, C.L. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Helder, M.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
β1 integrins play a controversial role during chondrogenesis. Since the maturation of chondrocytes relies on a signaling switch from cell-cell to cell-matrix interactions, we hypothesized that β1 integrins play a different role at the earlier (mainly cell-cell interaction) from the later stage (mainly cell-matrix interaction) of chondrogenesis....
article 2008
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Bastiaansen-Jenniskens, Y.M. (author), Koevoet, W. (author), de Bart, A.C.W. (author), van der Linden, J.C. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author), Weinans, H. (author), Verhaar, J.A.N. (author), van Osch, G.J.V.M. (author), de Groot, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Damage to articular cartilage is one of the features of osteoarthritis (OA). Cartilage damage is characterised by a net loss of collagen and proteoglycans. The collagen network is considered highly important for cartilage function but little is known about processes that control composition and function of the cartilage collagen...
article 2008
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Yuan, X.-L. (author), van der Kaaij, R.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The filamentous ascomycete Aspergillus niger is well known for its ability to produce a large variety of enzymes for the degradation of plant polysaccharide material. A major carbon and energy source for this soil fungus is starch, which can be degraded by the concerted action of α-amylase, glucoamylase and α-glucosidase enzymes, members of the...
article 2008
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Plat, J. (author), de Jong, A. (author), Volger, O.L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Mensink, R.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Intestinal absorption of plant sterols and stanols is much lower as compared with that of cholesterol; and therefore, serum concentrations are low. Circulating plant sterols and stanols are incorporated into tissues. However, hardly any data are available about tissue distributions of individual plant sterols and stanols, particularly in...
article 2008
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de Haas, E.M. (author), Kraak, M.H.S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The absence of species in polluted sediments does not necessarily imply exclusion due to toxicity. Other factors, like for instance food availability and oxygen content, could also partly cause their absence. Hence, knowledge of the (combinations of) factors acting on individual organisms is essential in order to understand how populations can...
article 2008
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Wijlhuizen, G.J. (author), Chorus, A.M.J. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: In their letters to the editor, Lacherez et al. [Lacherez, P.F., Wood, J.M., Kerr, G.K., 2007. Does activity level mediate or suppress the association between fear of falling and falls? Prev. Med. 31; (Electronic publication ahead of print)] and Hafeman and Schwartz [Hafeman, D., Schwartz, S., 2007. Assessing mediation: The necessity...
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Koek, M.M. (author), Muilwijk, B. (author), van Stee, L.L.P. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2008
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de Ruiter, M.C. (author), Alkemade, F.E. (author), de Gittenberger - Groot, A.C. (author), Poelmann, R.E. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In this review, we briefly summarize the possible signals crossing the placental barrier and discuss the molecular mechanisms of epigenetic programming in the developing fetus leading to increased athero-susceptibility of the vessel wall. © 2008 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
article 2008
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Weijerman, M.E. (author), van Furth, A.M. (author), Vonk Noordegraaf, A. (author), van Wouwe, J.P. (author), Broers, C.J.M. (author), Gemke, R.J.B.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To determine the prevalence, neonatal characteristics, and first-year mortality in Down syndrome (DS) among children in the Netherlands. Study design: The number of DS births registered by the Dutch Paediatric Surveillance Unit (DPSU) in 2003 was compared with total live births (reference population) and perinatal registrations....
article 2008
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van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Stress proteins or heat shock proteins (HSPs) are ubiquitous cellular components that have long been known to act as molecular chaperones. By assisting proper folding and transport of proteins, and by assisting in the degradation of aberrant proteins, they play key roles in cellular metabolism. The frequent accumulation of insoluble protein...
article 2008
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Staal, Y.C.M. (author), Pushparajah, D.S. (author), van Herwijnen, M.H.M. (author), Gottschalk, R.W.H. (author), Maas, L.M. (author), Ioannides, C. (author), van Schooten, F.J. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Although exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occurs mostly through mixtures, hazard and risk assessment are mostly based on the effects caused by individual compounds. The objective of the current study was to investigate whether interactions between PAHs occur, focusing on gene expression (as measured by cDNA microarrays) and...
article 2008
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Weijenberg, M.P. (author), Mullie, P.F.F. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), Heinen, M.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Since hyperinsulinemia is implicated in the development of colorectal cancer, determinants of serum insulin levels, like the glycemic load and the glycemic index of the diet, could influence cancer risk. Our objective was to evaluate whether a diet with a high glycemic load or glycemic index is associated with increased colorectal cancer risk....
article 2008
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van der Hoeven, B.L. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), Warda, H.M. (author), Putter, H. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), Schalij, M.J. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a strong predictor of in-stent restenosis. This may be due to a higher level of vascular inflammation. We hypothesized that diabetic patients will benefit from dexamethasone-eluting stents, since local inflammation and consequently neointimal growth are suppressed and no systemic side effects will occur. Methods: 21...
article 2008
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Zeegers, M.P. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Familial clustering of cancer is expected to occur at practically all anatomical sites. However, few studies have had sufficient size to investigate different sites simultaneously and with adjustment for confounders. We evaluated familial clustering in the Netherlands Cohort Study in which 120,852 men and women, aged 55-69 years in 1986 were...
article 2008
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Kel, J.M. (author), Slütter, B. (author), Drijfhout, J.W. (author), Koning, F. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Tolerance to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in SJL mice can be induced by immunization with a mannosylated form of the proteolipid protein (M-PLP139-151), despite the presence of CFA. The state of tolerance is characterized by poor delayed-type hypersensitivity responses and the absence of clinical EAE symptoms. In vivo...
article 2008
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Bongaerts, B.W.C. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), de Goeij, A.F.P.M. (author), Weijenberg, M.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Within the Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer, we investigated associations between total alcohol consumption, specific alcoholic beverage consumption and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) according to anatomical subsite. Hazard Ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models. Analyses...
article 2008
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Wiefferink, C.H. (author), Detmar, S.B. (author), Coumans, B. (author), Vogels, T. (author), Paulussen, T.G.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The aim of this study is to identify the social psychological determinants of the use of performance-enhancing drugs by gym users who practice bodybuilding, fitness, powerlifting or combat sports. In this questionnaire-based study, 144 respondents answered questions on their actual use and intention to use such drugs and also on their background...
article 2008
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Janssen, G.B. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), van Zijverden, M. (author), Spanhaak, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This paper describes studies performed with ERA-63 a low molecular weight pharmaceutical with intended immunomodulatory effects. Since this compound was also known to have estrogenic activity a non-conventional approach was taken in order to differentiate between estrogenic and non-estrogenic-induced immunomodulatory effects. EE was included not...
article 2008
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