Searched for: mods_originInfo_dateIssued_s:"2008"
(1 - 20 of 75)

Pages

document
Reijneveld, S.A. (author), de Meer, G. (author), Wiefferink, C.H. (author), Crone, M.R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2008
document
Kluft, C. (author), Meijer, P. (author), LaGuardia, K.D. (author), Fisher, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare effects of the transdermal contraceptive patch, a desogestrel/ethinyl estradiol (EE)-containing, monophasic combination oral contraceptive (COC) and a levonorgestrel/EE-containing, triphasic COC on hemostasis variables. Study Design: This was a randomized, open-label study of 104 young women who...
article 2008
document
Lu, Z.F. (author), Doulabi, B.Z. (author), Huang, C.L. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Helder, M.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
β1 integrins play a controversial role during chondrogenesis. Since the maturation of chondrocytes relies on a signaling switch from cell-cell to cell-matrix interactions, we hypothesized that β1 integrins play a different role at the earlier (mainly cell-cell interaction) from the later stage (mainly cell-matrix interaction) of chondrogenesis....
article 2008
document
Bastiaansen-Jenniskens, Y.M. (author), Koevoet, W. (author), de Bart, A.C.W. (author), van der Linden, J.C. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author), Weinans, H. (author), Verhaar, J.A.N. (author), van Osch, G.J.V.M. (author), de Groot, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Damage to articular cartilage is one of the features of osteoarthritis (OA). Cartilage damage is characterised by a net loss of collagen and proteoglycans. The collagen network is considered highly important for cartilage function but little is known about processes that control composition and function of the cartilage collagen...
article 2008
document
Yuan, X.-L. (author), van der Kaaij, R.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The filamentous ascomycete Aspergillus niger is well known for its ability to produce a large variety of enzymes for the degradation of plant polysaccharide material. A major carbon and energy source for this soil fungus is starch, which can be degraded by the concerted action of α-amylase, glucoamylase and α-glucosidase enzymes, members of the...
article 2008
document
Coulier, L. (author), van Kampen, J.J.A. (author), de Groot, R. (author), Gerritsen, H.W. (author), Bas, R.C. (author), van Dongen, W.D. (author), Brüll, L.P. (author), Luider, T.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) are activated intracellularly to their triphosphate (TP) form, which compete with endogenous deoxynucleotide-triphosphates (dNTP) as substrate for HIV reverse transcriptase. The activity of NRTIs is thus described by the NRTI-TP to-dNTP ratio in relevant cell types. Therefore, we developed an...
article 2008
document
Plat, J. (author), de Jong, A. (author), Volger, O.L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Mensink, R.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Intestinal absorption of plant sterols and stanols is much lower as compared with that of cholesterol; and therefore, serum concentrations are low. Circulating plant sterols and stanols are incorporated into tissues. However, hardly any data are available about tissue distributions of individual plant sterols and stanols, particularly in...
article 2008
document
Weijerman, M.E. (author), van Furth, A.M. (author), Vonk Noordegraaf, A. (author), van Wouwe, J.P. (author), Broers, C.J.M. (author), Gemke, R.J.B.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To determine the prevalence, neonatal characteristics, and first-year mortality in Down syndrome (DS) among children in the Netherlands. Study design: The number of DS births registered by the Dutch Paediatric Surveillance Unit (DPSU) in 2003 was compared with total live births (reference population) and perinatal registrations....
article 2008
document
Kel, J.M. (author), Slütter, B. (author), Drijfhout, J.W. (author), Koning, F. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Tolerance to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in SJL mice can be induced by immunization with a mannosylated form of the proteolipid protein (M-PLP139-151), despite the presence of CFA. The state of tolerance is characterized by poor delayed-type hypersensitivity responses and the absence of clinical EAE symptoms. In vivo...
article 2008
document
Bongaerts, B.W.C. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), de Goeij, A.F.P.M. (author), Weijenberg, M.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Within the Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer, we investigated associations between total alcohol consumption, specific alcoholic beverage consumption and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) according to anatomical subsite. Hazard Ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models. Analyses...
article 2008
document
Vermeulen, M. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.W.A.A. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
The aim of this study was to determine the bioavailability and kinetics of the supposed anticarcinogen sulforaphane, the hydrolysis product of glucoraphanin, from raw and cooked broccoli. Eight men consumed 200 g of crushed broccoli, raw or cooked, with a warm meal in a randomized, free-living, open cross-over trial. Higher amounts of...
article 2008
document
Wiefferink, C.H. (author), Detmar, S.B. (author), Coumans, B. (author), Vogels, T. (author), Paulussen, T.G.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The aim of this study is to identify the social psychological determinants of the use of performance-enhancing drugs by gym users who practice bodybuilding, fitness, powerlifting or combat sports. In this questionnaire-based study, 144 respondents answered questions on their actual use and intention to use such drugs and also on their background...
article 2008
document
Zaadstra, B.M. (author), Chorus, A.M.J. (author), van Buuren, S. (author), Kalsbeek, H. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), DenV KvL (author)
Previous studies have suggested an association between multiple sclerosis (MS) and infectious mononucleosis (IM) but data on the exact strength of this association or its selectivity have been conflicting. In this study we have evaluated the association between MS and a variety of common childhood infections and afflictions in a large population...
article 2008
document
Janssen, G.B. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), van Zijverden, M. (author), Spanhaak, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This paper describes studies performed with ERA-63 a low molecular weight pharmaceutical with intended immunomodulatory effects. Since this compound was also known to have estrogenic activity a non-conventional approach was taken in order to differentiate between estrogenic and non-estrogenic-induced immunomodulatory effects. EE was included not...
article 2008
document
Denby, B. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Segers, A. (author), Builtjes, P. (author), Horálek, J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Two different data assimilation techniques have been applied to assess exceedances of the daily and annual mean limit values for PM10 on the regional scale in Europe. The two methods include a statistical interpolation method (SI), based on residual kriging after linear regression of the model, and Ensemble Kalman filtering (EnKF). Both methods...
article 2008
document
Rijken, D.C. (author), Hoegee-de Nobel, E. (author), Jie, A.F.H. (author), Atsma, D.E. (author), Schalij, M.J. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The development of global tests for the fibrinolytic capacity in blood is hampered by the low base-line fibrinolytic activity in blood, by the involvement of both plasmatic components and blood cells in the fibrinolytic system and by the loss of fibrinolytic activity as a result of the action of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI...
article 2008
document
de Vogel, S. (author), Dindore, V. (author), van Engeland, M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Weijenberg, M.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Adequate intake of folate, methionine, riboflavin, and vitamin B-6 may prevent aberrant DNA methylation and thereby protect against colorectal cancer (CRC). However, previous epidemiological studies investigating associations between dietary intakes of these nutrients and CRC have been inconsistent. We investigated the associations between...
article 2008
document
Arts, J.H.E. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Irritant-induced inflammation of the airways may aggravate respiratory allergy induced by chemical respiratory allergens. Therefore, the effect of airway irritation by synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) on respiratory allergy to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was studied. Brown Norway (BN) rats were topically sensitized on day 0 and on day 7,...
article 2008
document
de Jonge, J.D. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Probiotics are claimed to beneficially affect the immune system and their involvement in allergy prevention is being investigated extensively. However, the efficacy of probiotics in allergy prevention remains controversial. We investigated whether the probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) could modulate the food allergic response against...
article 2008
document
van den Hoek, A.M. (author), van Heijningen, C. (author), van der Schröder - Elst, J.P. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Kalsbeek, A. (author), Pijl, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE-We recently showed that intracerebroventricular infusion of neuropeptide Y (NPY) hampers inhibition of endogenous glucose production (EGP) by insulin in mice. The down stream mechanisms responsible for these effects of NPY remain to be elucidated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish whether intracerebroventricular NPY...
article 2008
Searched for: mods_originInfo_dateIssued_s:"2008"
(1 - 20 of 75)

Pages