Searched for: mods_originInfo_dateIssued_s:"2008"
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Steeneken, P.A.M. (author), Woortman, A.J.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The occurrence of surface effects in the acetylation of granular potato starch with acetic anhydride to degrees of substitution 0.04-0.2 was studied by two different approaches. The first approach involved the fractionation of granular starch acetates into five different size classes and analysis of their acetate content. Alternatively, two...
article 2008
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Reijneveld, S.A. (author), de Meer, G. (author), Wiefferink, C.H. (author), Crone, M.R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2008
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ter Beek, A. (author), Keijser, B.J.F. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Zakrzewska, A. (author), Orij, R. (author), Smits, G.J. (author), Brul, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The weak organic acid sorbic acid is a commonly used food preservative, as it inhibits the growth of bacteria, yeasts, and molds. We have used genome-wide transcriptional profiling of Bacillus subtilis cells during mild sorbic acid stress to reveal the growth-inhibitory activity of this preservative and to identify potential resistance...
article 2008
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Kluft, C. (author), Meijer, P. (author), LaGuardia, K.D. (author), Fisher, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare effects of the transdermal contraceptive patch, a desogestrel/ethinyl estradiol (EE)-containing, monophasic combination oral contraceptive (COC) and a levonorgestrel/EE-containing, triphasic COC on hemostasis variables. Study Design: This was a randomized, open-label study of 104 young women who...
article 2008
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Lu, Z.F. (author), Doulabi, B.Z. (author), Huang, C.L. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Helder, M.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
β1 integrins play a controversial role during chondrogenesis. Since the maturation of chondrocytes relies on a signaling switch from cell-cell to cell-matrix interactions, we hypothesized that β1 integrins play a different role at the earlier (mainly cell-cell interaction) from the later stage (mainly cell-matrix interaction) of chondrogenesis....
article 2008
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Vink, P. (author), Imada, A.S. (author), Zink, K.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A participatory approach could be used to implement work place or organizational improvements. However, the question is which participants should be involved and how. In this paper the theoretical involvement in different steps of a linear stepwise approach is described and compared with the latest projects of 300 practitioners. From a...
article 2008
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Bastiaansen-Jenniskens, Y.M. (author), Koevoet, W. (author), de Bart, A.C.W. (author), van der Linden, J.C. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author), Weinans, H. (author), Verhaar, J.A.N. (author), van Osch, G.J.V.M. (author), de Groot, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Damage to articular cartilage is one of the features of osteoarthritis (OA). Cartilage damage is characterised by a net loss of collagen and proteoglycans. The collagen network is considered highly important for cartilage function but little is known about processes that control composition and function of the cartilage collagen...
article 2008
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Yuan, X.-L. (author), van der Kaaij, R.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The filamentous ascomycete Aspergillus niger is well known for its ability to produce a large variety of enzymes for the degradation of plant polysaccharide material. A major carbon and energy source for this soil fungus is starch, which can be degraded by the concerted action of α-amylase, glucoamylase and α-glucosidase enzymes, members of the...
article 2008
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van der Werf, M.J. (author), Overkamp, K.M. (author), Muilwijk, B. (author), Koek, M.M. (author), van der Werff van der - Vat, B.J.C. (author), Jellema, R.H. (author), Coulier, L. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Metabolomics is an emerging, powerful, functional genomics technology that involves the comparative non-targeted analysis of the complete set of metabolites in an organism. We have set-up a robust quantitative metabolomics platform that allows the analysis of 'snapshot' metabolomes. In this study, we have applied this platform for the...
article 2008
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Plat, J. (author), de Jong, A. (author), Volger, O.L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Mensink, R.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Intestinal absorption of plant sterols and stanols is much lower as compared with that of cholesterol; and therefore, serum concentrations are low. Circulating plant sterols and stanols are incorporated into tissues. However, hardly any data are available about tissue distributions of individual plant sterols and stanols, particularly in...
article 2008
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Weelink, S.A.B. (author), Tan, N.C.G. (author), ten Broeke, H. (author), van den Kieboom, C. (author), van Doesburg, W. (author), Langenhoff, A.A.M. (author), Gerritse, J. (author), Junca, H. (author), Stams, A.J.M. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A bacterium, strain BC, was isolated from a benzene-degrading chlorate-reducing enrichment culture. Strain BC degrades benzene in conjunction with chlorate reduction. Cells of strain BC are short rods that are 0.6 μm wide and 1 to 2 μm long, are motile, and stain gram negative. Strain BC grows on benzene and some other aromatic compounds with...
article 2008
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de Haas, E.M. (author), Kraak, M.H.S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The absence of species in polluted sediments does not necessarily imply exclusion due to toxicity. Other factors, like for instance food availability and oxygen content, could also partly cause their absence. Hence, knowledge of the (combinations of) factors acting on individual organisms is essential in order to understand how populations can...
article 2008
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Wijlhuizen, G.J. (author), Chorus, A.M.J. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: In their letters to the editor, Lacherez et al. [Lacherez, P.F., Wood, J.M., Kerr, G.K., 2007. Does activity level mediate or suppress the association between fear of falling and falls? Prev. Med. 31; (Electronic publication ahead of print)] and Hafeman and Schwartz [Hafeman, D., Schwartz, S., 2007. Assessing mediation: The necessity...
article 2008
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Koek, M.M. (author), Muilwijk, B. (author), van Stee, L.L.P. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2008
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van Nieuwenhuijzen, N.H. (author), Meinders, M.B.J. (author), Tromp, R.H. (author), Hamer, R.J. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Crispness is an important quality characteristic of dry solid food products such as crispy rolls. Its retention is directly related to the kinetics of water uptake by the crust. In this study, a method for the evaluation of the water sorption kinetics in bread crust is proposed. Two different sorption experiments were used: an oscillatory...
article 2008
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Weijerman, M.E. (author), van Furth, A.M. (author), Vonk Noordegraaf, A. (author), van Wouwe, J.P. (author), Broers, C.J.M. (author), Gemke, R.J.B.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To determine the prevalence, neonatal characteristics, and first-year mortality in Down syndrome (DS) among children in the Netherlands. Study design: The number of DS births registered by the Dutch Paediatric Surveillance Unit (DPSU) in 2003 was compared with total live births (reference population) and perinatal registrations....
article 2008
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Smits, K.M. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), van Dijk, B.A.C. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), van de Hulsbergen-Kaa, C.A. (author), Kiemeney, L.A.L.M. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Oosterwijk, E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Metabolic gene polymorphisms have previously been suggested as risk factors for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). These polymorphisms are involved in activation or detoxification of carcinogens in cigarette smoke which is another RCC risk factor. We evaluated gene-environment interactions between CYP1A1, GSTμ1 and smoking in a large population-based...
article 2008
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de Korte, E.M. (author), de Kraker, H. (author), Bongers, P.M. (author), van Lingen, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To study the effects of a tactile feedback signal in a computer mouse on reduction of hovering behaviour and consequently on changes in muscle load, productivity, comfort and user friendliness, a comparative, experimental study with repeated measures was conducted. Fifteen subjects performed five trials with different mouse actions and a...
article 2008
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Staal, Y.C.M. (author), Pushparajah, D.S. (author), van Herwijnen, M.H.M. (author), Gottschalk, R.W.H. (author), Maas, L.M. (author), Ioannides, C. (author), van Schooten, F.J. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Although exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occurs mostly through mixtures, hazard and risk assessment are mostly based on the effects caused by individual compounds. The objective of the current study was to investigate whether interactions between PAHs occur, focusing on gene expression (as measured by cDNA microarrays) and...
article 2008
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Weijenberg, M.P. (author), Mullie, P.F.F. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), Heinen, M.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Since hyperinsulinemia is implicated in the development of colorectal cancer, determinants of serum insulin levels, like the glycemic load and the glycemic index of the diet, could influence cancer risk. Our objective was to evaluate whether a diet with a high glycemic load or glycemic index is associated with increased colorectal cancer risk....
article 2008
Searched for: mods_originInfo_dateIssued_s:"2008"
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