Searched for: mods_originInfo_dateIssued_s:"2008"
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Kluft, C. (author), Meijer, P. (author), LaGuardia, K.D. (author), Fisher, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare effects of the transdermal contraceptive patch, a desogestrel/ethinyl estradiol (EE)-containing, monophasic combination oral contraceptive (COC) and a levonorgestrel/EE-containing, triphasic COC on hemostasis variables. Study Design: This was a randomized, open-label study of 104 young women who...
article 2008
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Delleman, N.J. (author), Colaciuri, V. (author), Wiederkehr, E. (author), Valk, P.J.L. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This paper reports 2 baseline studies and 1 experiment performed in a confined-space military vehicle concerning the effects on fitness and performance of time in a sitting posture and workstation characteristics. On average physical fitness decreased by slightly more than 10% per hour, the observation performance decreased by ~30% per hour, and...
article 2008
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Elsinga, J. (author), de Jong-Potjer, L.C. (author), van der Pal-de Bruin, K.M. (author), le Cessie, S. (author), Assendelft, W.J.J. (author), Buitendijk, S.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Recent studies suggest that the basis for adverse pregnancy outcomes is often established early in pregnancy, during organogenesis. It is therefore important to take preventive action as early as possible, preferably before pregnancy. Because most adverse pregnancy outcomes occur in women who are unaware of being at risk, we...
article 2008
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Beelen, R. (author), Hoek, G. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Fischer, P. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Jerrett, M. (author), Hughes, E. (author), Armstrong, B. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Several studies have found an effect on mortality of between-city contrasts in long-term exposure to air pollution. The effect of within-city contrasts is still poorly understood. Objectives: We studied the association between long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and mortality in a Dutch cohort. Methods: We used data...
article 2008
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Bröde, P. (author), Havenith, G. (author), Wang, X. (author), Candas, V. (author), den Hartog, E.A. (author), Griefahn, B. (author), Holmér, I. (author), Kuklane, K. (author), Meinander, H. (author), Nocker, W. (author), Richards, M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
In order to assess the non-evaporative components of the reduced thermal insulation of wet clothing, experiments were performed with a manikin and with human subjects in which two layers of underwear separated by an impermeable barrier were worn under an impermeable overgarment at 20°C, 80% RH and 0.5 ms-1 air velocity. By comparing manikin...
article 2008
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Joling, C.I. (author), Blatter, B.M. (author), Ybema, J.F. (author), Bongers, P.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives. This study investigated whether work dedication and job resources are longitudinally related to work-related musculoskeletal disorders and whether job resources buffer the impact of job demands on these disorders? Methods. Data were used from a longitudinal three-phase study (2004, 2005, 2006) on health at work among a sample of...
article 2008
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de Korte, E.M. (author), de Kraker, H. (author), Bongers, P.M. (author), van Lingen, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To study the effects of a tactile feedback signal in a computer mouse on reduction of hovering behaviour and consequently on changes in muscle load, productivity, comfort and user friendliness, a comparative, experimental study with repeated measures was conducted. Fifteen subjects performed five trials with different mouse actions and a...
article 2008
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van der Burg, E. (author), Olivers, C.N.L. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Participants performed an attentional blink (AB) task including digits as targets and letters as distractors within the visual and auditory domains. Prior to the rapid serial visual presentation, a visual or auditory prime was presented in the form of a digit that was identical to the second target (T2) on 50% of the trials. In addition to the ...
article 2008
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van der Hoeven, B.L. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), Warda, H.M. (author), Putter, H. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), Schalij, M.J. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a strong predictor of in-stent restenosis. This may be due to a higher level of vascular inflammation. We hypothesized that diabetic patients will benefit from dexamethasone-eluting stents, since local inflammation and consequently neointimal growth are suppressed and no systemic side effects will occur. Methods: 21...
article 2008
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Araujo, B.B. (author), Dolhnikoff, M. (author), Silva, L.F.F. (author), Elliot, J. (author), Lindeman, J.H.N. (author), Ferreira, D.S. (author), Mulder, A. (author), Gomes, H.A.P. (author), Fernezlian, S.M. (author), James, A. (author), Mauad, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There is an intimate relationship between the extracellular matrix (ECM) and smooth muscle cells within the airways. Few studies have comprehensively assessed the composition of different ECM components and its regulators within the airway smooth muscle (ASM) in asthma. With the aid of image analysis, the fractional areas of total collagen and...
article 2008
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Bernaards, C.M. (author), Ariëns, G.A.M. (author), Simons, M. (author), Knol, D.L. (author), Hildebrandt, V.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Introduction: The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a group-based interactive work style intervention in improving work style behavior. Methods: Computer workers with neck and upper limb symptoms were randomised into the work style group (WS, N = 152), the work style and physical activity group (WSPA, N = 156), or the usual...
article 2008
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Vermeulen, M. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.W.A.A. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
The aim of this study was to determine the bioavailability and kinetics of the supposed anticarcinogen sulforaphane, the hydrolysis product of glucoraphanin, from raw and cooked broccoli. Eight men consumed 200 g of crushed broccoli, raw or cooked, with a warm meal in a randomized, free-living, open cross-over trial. Higher amounts of...
article 2008
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Wiefferink, C.H. (author), Detmar, S.B. (author), Coumans, B. (author), Vogels, T. (author), Paulussen, T.G.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The aim of this study is to identify the social psychological determinants of the use of performance-enhancing drugs by gym users who practice bodybuilding, fitness, powerlifting or combat sports. In this questionnaire-based study, 144 respondents answered questions on their actual use and intention to use such drugs and also on their background...
article 2008
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Beulens, J.W.J. (author), de Zoete, E.C. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a decreased risk of type II diabetes. This study investigates the effect of moderate alcohol consumption on adipokines and insulin sensitivity. Subjects: Twenty healthy, lean (body mass index (BMI) 18.5-25 kg/m2; n=11) or overweight (BMI>27 kg/m2; n=9) men (18-25 years). Methods: Three...
article 2008
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de Kroon, M.L.A. (author), Renders, C.M. (author), Kuipers, E.C.C. (author), van Wouwe, J.P. (author), van Buuren, S. (author), de Jonge, G.A. (author), Hirasing, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Within the context of the obesity epidemic identifying young adults at risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease is important. A practical approach is based on the identification of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Our objective was to develop a simple and efficient stepwise strategy to identify MetS in young adults. Methods:...
article 2008
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Jacobs, J.H. (author), Meijster, T. (author), Meijer, E. (author), Suarthana, E. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Occupational airway diseases are common among bakers. The present study describes the association between exposure to wheat allergen levels and sensitization to wheat allergens, work-related upper and lower respiratory symptoms and asthma in bakery workers. Methods: As part of a Health Surveillance System for early detection of ...
article 2008
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Zaadstra, B.M. (author), Chorus, A.M.J. (author), van Buuren, S. (author), Kalsbeek, H. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), DenV KvL (author)
Previous studies have suggested an association between multiple sclerosis (MS) and infectious mononucleosis (IM) but data on the exact strength of this association or its selectivity have been conflicting. In this study we have evaluated the association between MS and a variety of common childhood infections and afflictions in a large population...
article 2008
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Toet, A. (author), Jansen, S.E.M. (author), Delleman, N.J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), Nato (author)
Field-of-view (FOV) restrictions are known to affect human behaviour and to degrade performance for a range of different tasks. However, the relationship between human locomotion performance in complex environments and FOV size is currently not fully known. This paper examined the effects of FOV restrictions on the performance of participants...
article 2008
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Raymann, R.J.E.M. (author), Swaab, D.F. (author), Van Someren, E.J.W. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
With ageing, an increasingly disturbed sleep is reported as a significant complaint affecting the health and well-being of many people. The available treatments for sleep disturbance have their limitations, so we have adopted a different approach to the improvement of sleep. Since in animal and human studies skin warming has been found to...
article 2008
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Keijser, B.J.F. (author), Zaura, E. (author), Huse, S.M. (author), van der Vossen, J.M.B.M. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), Montijn, R.C. (author), ten Gate, J.M. (author), Crielaard, W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A good definition of commensal microflora and an understanding of its relation to health are essential in preventing and combating disease. We hypothesized that the species richness of human oral microflora is underestimated. Saliva and supragingival plaque were sampled from 71 and 98 healthy adults, respectively. Amplieons from the V6...
article 2008
Searched for: mods_originInfo_dateIssued_s:"2008"
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