Searched for: mods_originInfo_dateIssued_s:"2007"
(1 - 18 of 18)
document
van `t Veen, W.H. (author), Hensen, A. (author), Kroon, P.S. (author), Schrier, A.P. (author), Hendriks, D.M.D. (author)
Global atmospheric concentrations of CO2, CH4 and N2O have increased markedly as a result of human activities since 1750 (30%, 150% and 17% respectively). The global increases in carbon dioxide concentration are primarily due to fossil fuel and land-use change, while those of methane and nitrous oxide are primarily due to agriculture (IPCC, 2007...
other 2007
document
Kroon, P. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
This report focuses on the NOx emission in 2010 and 2020 of households, the services sector, agriculture, industry (<20 MWth) and cogeneration of heat and electricity with gas engines. For 2010 and 2020 two scenarios are applied. The Strong Europe (SE) scenario is characterized by moderate economic growth and strong public responsibility....
report 2007
document
Meulenbelt, I. (author), Kloppenburg, M. (author), Kroon, H.M. (author), Houwing-Duistermaat, J.J. (author), Garnero, P. (author), Hellio-Le Graverand, M.-P. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Slagboom, P.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To assess the relationship of biochemical markers and radiographic signs of osteoarthritis (ROA) in the subjects with symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) at multiple sites of the Genetics osteoARthritis and Progression (GARP) study. Methods: We have measured eight biochemical markers, representing tissue turnover of cartilage, bone,...
article 2007
document
Kroon, J.M. (author), Slooff, L.H. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Koetse, M.M. (author), Sweelssen, J. (author), Moet, D.J.D. (author)
A power conversion efficiency of 4.2% (AM1.5, 1000 W/M2) is measured for an organic solar cell based on an active layer of an alternating copolymer, containing a fluorence and a benzothadiazole unit with two neighboring thiophene rings, and a fullerene derivative. Using optical modeling, the absorption profile in the active layer of the solar...
article 2007
document
Kroon, P. (author), Mozaffarian, M. (author), de Wilde, H.P.J. (author), Sterker, Th. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
The Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands has carried out a Quick Scan on the economic impact on the Netherlands, resulting from a potential prohibition of residual fuels in international shipping. The Dutch refinery industry annually produces about 8 million tons of refinery residues, the main component of the presently used shipping fuel....
report 2007
document
Vermeulen, A.T. (author), Hensen, A. (author), Kroon, P.S. (author), Jonker, H. (author)
public lecture 2007
document
Fokker, P.A. (author), Muntendam-Bos, A.G. (author), Kroon, I.C. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
article 2007
document
van `t Veen, W.H. (author), Vermeulen, A.T. (author), Hensen, A. (author), Kroon, P.S. (author), Jonker, H. (author), Zahniser, M.S. (author)
A quantum cascade laser spectrometer was evaluated for eddy covariance flux measurements of CH4 and N2O using three months of continuous measurements at a field site. The required criteria for eddy covariance flux measurements including continuity, sampling frequency, precision and stationarity were examined. The system operated continuously at...
article 2007
document
Kroon, P. (author), Mozaffarian, M. (author), de Wilde, H.P.J. (author), Sterker, Th. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
The Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands has carried out a Quick Scan on the economic impact on the Netherlands, resulting from a potential prohibition of residual fuels in international shipping. The Dutch refinery industry annually produces about 8 million tons of refinery residues, the main component of the presently used shipping fuel....
report 2007
document
Kroon, J.M. (author), Slooff, L.H. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Koetse, M.M. (author), Sweelssen, J. (author), Eerenstein, W. (author), Moet, D.J.D. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
n.v.t.
conference paper 2007
document
Kroon, J.M. (author), Slooff, L.H. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Koetse, M.M. (author), Sweelssen, J. (author), Loos, J. (author), Moet, D.J.D. (author), Chevtchenko, Svetlana S. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
This paper discusses the characterization and optimization of organic solar cells based on a bulk heterojunction consisting of an alternating copolymer, containing a fluorene and a benzathiadiazole unit with two neighboring thiophene rings, and a fullerene derivative (PCBM). The resulting power conversion efficiency amounts 3.9?İ.2 % (AM1.5, 100...
conference paper 2007
document
van `t Veen, W.H. (author), Vermeulen, A.T. (author), Hensen, A. (author), Kroon, P.S. (author), Jonker, H. (author)
public lecture 2007
document
van `t Veen, W.H. (author), Hensen, A. (author), Kroon, P.S. (author)
A quantum cascade laser was evaluated for eddy covariance measurements of CH4 and N2O using laboratory tests and three months of continuous measurements. Moreover, an indication was given of CH4 and N2O exchange. All four required criteria for EC-measurements related to continuity, sampling frequency, precision and stationarity were checked. The...
other 2007
document
Hensen, A. (author), Kroon, P.S. (author), Schrier, A.P. (author), Hendriks, D.M.D. (author), Jacobs, C.M.J. (author), Jacobs, A.F.G. (author), Bosveld, F.C. (author), Moors, E.J. (author), Nol, L. (author), Veenendaal, E.M. (author)
An intercomparison is made of the Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2, NEE, for eight Dutch grassland sites: four natural grasslands, two production grasslands and two meteorological stations within a rotational grassland region. At all sites the NEE was determined during at least 10 months per site, using the eddy-covariance (EC) technique, but in...
article 2007
document
Kroon, J.M. (author), Slooff, L.H. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Eerenstein, W. (author)
We have used optical modeling to calculate whether optical absorption and corresponding current densities in solar cells consisting of PF10TBT:PCBM (1:4) can be enhanced, either in single junctions by applying optical spacers or by going to a tandem structure. The current densities are calculated from the optical absorption using experimentally...
conference paper 2007
document
Kroon, J.M. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Loos, J. (author)
This paper gives an overview of the status of photovoltaic devices based on blends of semiconducting polymers. The polymer blends form the bulk heterojunction in these photovoltaic devices. The fundamental mechanisms governing the performance of these devices are discussed as well as the specificities of these all-polymer solar cells. The...
article 2007
document
Kroon, P. (author), Volkers, C.H. (author), Peek, C.J. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
In May 2005 ECN/MNP published the Reference projections energy and emissions 2005-2020 (ECN-C--05-089). This is the first projection based on a new methodology in the calculation of the Dutch CO2-emissions. For this new methodology new energy statistics and a first concept of the National Inventory Report 2005 (NIR, 2005) where published in...
report 2007
document
Kroon, J.M. (author), Bakker, N.J. (author), Wadman, S.H. (author), Lutz, M. (author), Spek, A.L. (author), van Klink, G.P.M. (author), van Koten, G. (author)
Cyclometalated ruthenium complexes of [Ru(C^N^N) (N^N^N)] configuration are a promising new class of molecular sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells, as a result of their broad and red-shifted visible absorption in comparison to the analogous [Ru(N^N^N)2] type coordinative complexes.
article 2007
Searched for: mods_originInfo_dateIssued_s:"2007"
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