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Heeney, J.L. (author), van Els, C. (author), de Vries, P. (author), ten Haaft, P. (author), Otting, N. (author), Koornstra, W. (author), Boes, J. (author), Dubbes, R. (author), Niphuis, H. (author), Dings, M. (author), Cranage, M. (author), Norley, S. (author), Jonker, M. (author), Bontrop, R.E. (author), Osterhaus, A. (author)
To evaluate the effectiveness of vaccine protection from infected cells from another individual of the same species, vaccinated rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) were challenged with peripheral blood mononuclear cells from another animal diagnosed with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Half of the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)...
article 1994
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van Gemeren, I.A. (author), Musters, W. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Verrips, C.T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A copy of the cutinase cDNA from Fusarium solani pisi was constructed starting from synthetic oligonucleotides. For this construction three separate cassettes were made, which were subsequently assembled to form the cutinase gene. Heterologous expression of the synthetic cutinase gene and the subsequent secretion of the recombinant enzyme was...
article 1995
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van Nistelrooy, J.G.M. (author), van den Brink, J.M. (author), van Kan, J.A.L. (author), van Gorcom, R.F.M. (author), de Waard, M.A. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
The CYP51 gene encoding eburicol 14α-demethylase (P450(14DM)) was cloned from a genomic library of the filamentous fungal plant pathogen Penicillium italicum, by heterologous hybridisation with the corresponding gene encoding lanosterol 14α-demethylase from the yeast Candida tropicalis. The nucleotide sequence of a 1739-bp genomic fragment and...
article 1996
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Boot, H.J. (author), Kolen, C.P.A.M. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
The most-dominant surface-exposed protein in many bacterial species is the S-protein. This protein crystallises into a regular monolayer on the outside surface of the bacteria: the S-layer. Lactobacillus acidophilus harbours two S-protein-encoding genes, slpA and slpB, only one of which (slpA) is expressed. In this study, we show by polymerase...
article 1996
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Boot, H.J. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
The function of the S-layer, a regularly arranged structure on the outside of numerous bacteria, appears to be different for bacteria living in different environments. Almost no similarity exists between the primary sequences of S-proteins, although their amino acid composition is comparable. S-protein production is directed by single or...
article 1996
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Heeres, A. (author), van Doren, H.A. (author), Gotlieb, K.F. (author), Bleeker, I.P. (author), Kellogg, R.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Granular starch was cross-linked with 1,3-di-O-acetyl-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol (1), 1,3-di-O-pivaloyl-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol (2), 2-nitro-3-O-pivaloyl-1-propene-3-ol (3), 1,3-di-O-acetyl-aci-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol (4), 1,3-di-O-pivaloyl-aci-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol (5) and 1,6-di-O-acetyl-2,5-dinitro-1,6-hexanediol (6). The bifunctional...
article 1998
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van Baar, B.L.M. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), Wils, E.R.J. (author), TNO Prins Maurits Laboratory, P.O. Box 45, 2280 AA, Rijswijk, Netherlands (author)
Cholera toxin, one of the toxins that may be generated by various strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, can be considered as a substance possibly used in biological warfare. The possibilities of characterising the toxin by liquid chromatography electrospray mass spectrometry (LC-ES-MS) were investigated. The toxin can be detected by flow...
article 1999
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van Baar, B.L.M. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), Roberts, B. (author), Wils, E.R.J. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
A method was developed for the liquid chromatographic-mass spectrometric (LC-MS) identification of extremely neurotoxic toxins. The method combines sample treatment in a safety containment and analysis of detoxified material in a common laboratory facility. The method was applied to the characterization of neat tetanus toxin and subsequent...
article 2002
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Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author), Korthout, H.A.A.J (author), Caspers, M.P.M (author), Kottenhagen, M.J. (author), Helmer, Q. (author), Wang, M. (author)
Over the past few years the presence of p53-like proteins in plants was frequently reported, by using the monoclonal antibody Pab240. By means of protein purification and screening a cDNA library, a Pab240 cross-reacting protein and a cDNA clone were isolated from barley. Peptide- and DNA-sequence analysis identified one and the same protein: 2...
article 2002
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Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author), Broekhuijsen, M.P. (author), Larsson, P. (author), Johansson, A. (author), Byström, M. (author), Eriksson, U. (author), Larsson, E. (author), Prior, R.G. (author), Sjöstedt, A. (author), Titball, R.W. (author), Forsman, M. (author)
Francisella tularensis is a potent pathogen and a possible bioterrorism agent. Little is known, however, to explain the molecular basis for its virulence and the distinct differences in virulence found between the four recognized subspecies, F. tularensis subsp. tularensis, F. tularensis subsp. mediasiatica, F. tularensis subsp. holarctica, and...
article 2003
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Kralj, S. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus reuteri strain 121 uses sucrose for synthesis of a unique, soluble glucan ('reuteran') with mainly α-(1→4) glucosidic linkages. The gene (gtfA) encoding this glucansucrase enzyme had previously been characterized. Here, a detailed biochemical and molecular analysis of the GTFA enzyme is presented. This is believed to be the first...
article 2004
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Kralj, S. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), Dondorff, M.M.G. (author), Kirsanovs, S. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Members of the genera Streptococcus and Leuconostoc synthesize various α-glucans (dextran, alternan and mutan). In Lactobacillus, until now, the only glucosyltransferase (GTF) enzyme that has been characterized is gtfA of Lactobacillus reuteri 121, the first GTF enzyme synthesizing a glucan (reuteran) that contains mainly α-(1 → 4) linkages...
article 2004
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van Hijum, S.A.F.T. (author), Szalowska, E. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus reuteri strain 121 employs a fructosyltransferase (FTF) to synthesize a fructose polymer [a fructan of the levan type, with β(2→6) linkages] from sucrose or raffinose. Purification of this FTF (a levansucrase), and identification of peptide amino acid sequences, allowed isolation of the first Lactobacillus levansucrase gene (lev),...
article 2004
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van Baar, B.L.M. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), de Jong, A.L. (author), Wils, E.R.J. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
In a follow-up of the earlier characterisation of botulinum toxins type A and B (BTxA and BTxB) by mass spectrometry (MS), types C, D, E, and F (BTxC, BTxD, BTxE, BTxF) were now investigated. Botulinum toxins are extremely neurotoxic bacterial toxins, likely to be used as biological warfare agent. Biologically active BTxC, BTxD, BTxE, and BTxF...
article 2004
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Nelson, G. (author), Kozlova-Zwinderman, O. (author), Collis, A.J. (author), Knight, M.R. (author), Fincham, J.R.S. (author), Stanger, C.P. (author), Renwick, A. (author), Hessing, J.G.M. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Read, N.D. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Calcium signalling is little understood in filamentous fungi largely because easy and routine methods for calcium measurement in living hyphae have previously been unavailable. We have developed the recombinant aequorin method for this purpose. High levels of aequorin expression were obtained in Neurospora crassa, Aspergillus niger and...
article 2004
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Mittag, D. (author), Akkerdaas, J. (author), Ballmer-Weber, B.K. (author), Vogel, L. (author), Wensing, M. (author), Becker, W.M. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), Helbling, A. (author), Hefle, S.L. (author), van Ree, R. (author), Vieths, S. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
We recently described patients with soybean allergy mainly mediated by cross-reactivity to birch pollen allergens. A majority of those patients were reported to have peanut allergy. We sought to study the occurrence of peanut allergy in patients allergic to birch pollen and characterized the Bet v 1-homologous peanut allergen Ara h 8....
article 2004
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TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author), Mandard, S. (author), Zandbergen, F. (author), Nguan, S.T. (author), Escher, P. (author), Patsouris, D. (author), Koenig, W. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Bakker, A. (author), Veenman, F. (author), Wahli, W. (author), Müller, M. (author), Kersten, S. (author)
The fasting-induced adipose factor (FIAF, ANGPTL4, PGAR, HFARP) was previously identified as a novel adipocytokine that was up-regulated by fasting, by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists, and by hypoxia. To further characterize FIAF, we studied regulation of FIAF mRNA and protein in liver and adipose cell lines as well as in...
article 2004
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de Visser, P.C. (author), van Hooft, P.A.V. (author), de Vries, A.-M. (author), de Jong, A. (author), van der Marel, G.A. (author), Overkleeft, H.S. (author), Noort, D. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
An array of analogues of the cationic antimicrobial peptide drosocin was synthesized containing substitutions of Tyr6 and Ser7 in order to increase the proteolytic stability. Stabilizing the N-terminus with unnatural amino acids increased the serum stability of analogues by almost a factor 30 over an 8 h period. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Verschuur, M. (author), Jong, M.de (author), Felida, L. (author), Maat, M.P.M.de (author), Vos, H.L. (author)
An elevated plasma fibrinogen level is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Therefore, an understanding of the regulation of fibrinogen expression is important. Inflammation and genetic variation of the fibrinogen beta gene regulate plasma fibrinogen levels, and there are indications that inflammation and genetic variation...
article 2005
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Schepers, A. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), Eefting, D. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), van Bokel, J.H. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess whether the anti-inflammatory agent dexamethasone can inhibit vein graft thickening without the occurrence of serious side effects. Methods: Venous interposition grafting was performed in the common carotid artery of hypercholesterolemic ApoE3Leiden transgenic mice. Mice were treated with...
article 2006
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