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Rijnkels, J.M. (author), Hollanders, V.M.H. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Koeman, J.H. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The potential inhibitory effects of a vegetables-fruit mixture on the initiation and promotion phases of azoxymethane-induced colorectal carcinogenesis were examined in rats fed low- or high-fat diets. Rats were fed low-fat diets (20 energy percent, Diets A and B) or high-fat diets (40 energy percent, Diets C and D), supplemented with a...
article 1998
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van Duuren, J.B.J.H. (author), Wijte, D. (author), Leprince, A. (author), Karge, B. (author), Puchalka, J. (author), Wery, J. (author), Dos Santos, V.A.P.M. (author), Eggink, G. (author), Mars, A.E. (author)
Pseudomonas putida KT2440-JD1 was derived from P. putida KT2440 after N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (NTG)-mutagenesis and exposure to 3-fluorobenzoate (3-FB). The mutant was no longer able to grow using benzoate as a sole carbon source, but co-metabolized benzoate to cis, cis-muconate during growth on glucose, which accumulated in the...
article 2011
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Korst, A.E.C. (author), Boven, E. (author), van der Sterre, M.L.T. (author), Fichtinger-Schepman, A.M.J. (author), van der Vijgh, W.J.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Amifostine (Ethyol, WR-2721) is in use in the clinic as a protector against platinum-induced toxicities. We have previously reported that amifostine induced a potentiation of the antitumour activity of carboplatin in human ovarian cancer xenografts. An influence of amifostine on the pharmacokinetics of carboplatin, resulting in higher platinum...
article 1998
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Zwart, A. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), ten Berge, W.F. (author), Appelman, L.M. (author)
A new design for acute inhalation toxicity testing was evaluated and compared with results obtained according to OECD guideline 403. The new design consists of a range-finding test, which is compatible with a conventional limit test, and can be followed by determination of a concentration-time-mortality relationship, enabling calculation of LC50...
article 1992
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Noort, D. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Degenhardt-Langelaan, C.E.A.M. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The persistence in rats of sulfur mustard adducts to albumin and hemoglobin was studied in vivo after exposure (intravenously; 0.3 mg/kg; approximately 0.1 LD50) of rats to sulfur mustard. The albumin adduct (S-HETE)Cys-Pro-Tyr was detectable up to 7 days after the exposure, while the adduct to the N-terminal valine in hemoglobin was still...
article 2008
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Kastelein, R.A. (author), Helder-Hoek, L. (author), Cornelisse, S.A. (author), von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Ketten, D.R. (author)
Noise-induced temporary hearing threshold shift (TTS) was studied in a harbor porpoise exposed to impulsive sounds of scaled-down airguns while both stationary and free-swimming for up to 90 min. In a previous study, ∼4 dB TTS was elicited in this porpoise, but despite 8 dB higher single-shot and cumulative exposure levels (up to 199 dB re 1...
article 2020
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Bobeldijk, I. (author), Hekman, M. (author), van der Vries de- Weij, J. (author), Coulier, L. (author), Ramaker, R. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Rubingh, C. (author), Freidig, A. (author), Verheij, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We report a sensitive, generic method for quantitative profiling of bile acids and other endogenous metabolites in small quantities of various biological fluids and tissues. The method is based on a straightforward sample preparation, separation by reversed-phase high performance liquid-chromatography mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) and electrospray...
article 2008
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Carol, J. (author), Gorseling, M.C.J.K. (author), de Jong, C.F. (author), Lingeman, H. (author), Kientz, C.E. (author), van Baar, B.L.M. (author), Irth, H. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
A multidimensional analytical method for the rapid determination and identification of proteins has been developed. The method is based on the size-exclusion fractionation of protein-containing samples, subsequent on-line trypsin digestion and desalination, and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry...
article 2005
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Frost-Christensen, L.N. (author), Mastbergen, S.C. (author), Vianen, M.E. (author), Hartog, A. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Voorhout, G. (author), van Wees, A.M.C. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), Hazewinkel, H.A.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The most used model for joint instability is the canine anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT)-model. The ACLT-model can be extended with a medial meniscectomy (MX) (i.e., ACLT-MX-model) to avoid unintentional, and with that variable, meniscal damage. The present study compares the ACLT-MX-model with the more recently...
article 2008
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Hu, C. (author), van Dommelen, J. (author), van der Heijden, R. (author), Spijksma, G. (author), Reijmers, T.H. (author), Wang, M. (author), Slee, E. (author), Lu, X. (author), Xu, G. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A reversed-phase liquid chromatography-linear ion trap-Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance-mass spectrometry method was developed for the profiling of lipids in human and mouse plasma. With the use of a fused-core C<sub>8</sub> column and a binary gradient, more than 160 lipids belonging to eight different classes were detected in a single...
article 2008
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Damveld, R.A. (author), Franken, A. (author), Arentshorst, M. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), Klis, F.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To identify cell wall biosynthetic genes in filamentous fungi and thus potential targets for the discovery of new antifungals, we developed a novel screening method for cell wall mutants. It is based on our earlier observation that the Aspergillus niger agsA gene, which encodes a putative a-glucan synthase, is strongly induced in response to...
article 2008
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van Puymbroeck, M. (author), Kuilman, M.E.M. (author), Maas, R.F.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Leyssens, L. (author), van Miert, A.S.J.P.A.M. (author), Hendriks, L. (author), van der Zande, D.J.M. (author), Adriaensens, P. (author), Jacobs, M.-P. (author), Raus, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The metabolism of the illegal growth promoter ethylestrenol (EES) was evaluated in bovine liver cells and subcellular fractions of bovine liver preparations. Incubations with bovine microsomal preparations revealed that EES is extensively biotransformed into norethandrolone (NE), another illegal growth promoter. Furthermore, incubations of...
article 1999
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Kroes, R. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author)
Short-term tests designed to detect possible carcinogenicity have been extensively refined during the last years. Presently, many more or less simple and convenient systems are available to detect mutations, chromosome effects, DNA damage, and malignant transformation. Although their relevance to carcinogenicity is often reasonably good,...
article 1983
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Bikker, F.J. (author), Mars-Groenendijk, R.H. (author), Noort, D. (author), Fidder, A. (author), van der Schans, G.P. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
As part of a research program to develop novel methods for diagnosis of sulfur mustard exposure in the human skin the suitability of phage display was explored. Phage display is a relative new method that enables researchers to quickly evaluate a huge range of potentially useful antibodies, thereby bypassing the more costly and time-consuming...
article 2007
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Whittaker, M.H. (author), Frankos, V.H. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Plant stanol esters are intended for use as an ingredient in food to reduce the absorption of cholesterol from the gastrointestinal tract. Consumption of plant stanol esters has a demonstrated diet-derived public health benefit, as shown by numerous clinical studies. Plant stanol esters are ring-saturated analogs of common dietary sterols that...
article 1999
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van Nistelrooy, J.G.M. (author), van den Brink, J.M. (author), van Kan, J.A.L. (author), van Gorcom, R.F.M. (author), de Waard, M.A. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
The CYP51 gene encoding eburicol 14α-demethylase (P450(14DM)) was cloned from a genomic library of the filamentous fungal plant pathogen Penicillium italicum, by heterologous hybridisation with the corresponding gene encoding lanosterol 14α-demethylase from the yeast Candida tropicalis. The nucleotide sequence of a 1739-bp genomic fragment and...
article 1996
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van Baar, B.L.M. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), de Jong, A.L. (author), Wils, E.R.J. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
In a follow-up of the earlier characterisation of botulinum toxins type A and B (BTxA and BTxB) by mass spectrometry (MS), types C, D, E, and F (BTxC, BTxD, BTxE, BTxF) were now investigated. Botulinum toxins are extremely neurotoxic bacterial toxins, likely to be used as biological warfare agent. Biologically active BTxC, BTxD, BTxE, and BTxF...
article 2004
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Smither, S.J. (author), Hill, J. (author), van Baar, B.L.M. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), de Jong, A.L. (author), Titball, R.W. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria contains proteins that might be good targets for vaccines, antimicrobials or detection systems. The identification of surface located proteins using traditional methods is often difficult. Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, was labelled with biotin. Tagged proteins were visualised through...
article 2007
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Stowers, M.A. (author), van Wuijckhuijse, A.L. (author), Marijnissen, J.C.M. (author), Scarlett, B. (author), van Baar, B.L.M. (author), Kientz, Ch.E. (author)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectra were obtained from single biological aerosol particles using an aerosol time-of- flight mass spectrometer (ATOFMS). The inlet to the ATOFMS was coupled with an evaporation/condensation flow cell that allowed the aerosol to be coated with matrix material as the sampled stream...
article 2000
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Reuzel, P.G.J. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Spit, B.J. (author), Beems, R.B. (author), Kroes, R. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author)
Cofactors involved in respiratory tract carcinogenesis were studied in Syrian golden hamster or in rats using benzo(a)pyrene as the carcinogenic agent. These factors included severe tissue tissue damage induced by electro-coagulation, glass fibers administered by intratracheal instillation, acetaldehyde as irritant vapor, food restriction, and...
article 1983
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