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van Noort, M. (author), Bakri, T. (author), Fahrenkrog, F. (author), Dobberstein, J. (author)
One step in the development of safety oriented Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) is an ex ante assessment of the expected safety impacts. This requires a careful analysis combining models and data from various sources. This paper describes the Safety IMPact Assessment Tool, called SIMPATO, that was developed in the interactIVe project....
article 2015
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Risto, M. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
In order to guarantee safety, drivers are advised to keep large enough headways. However, headway advice is often provided in terms of time headway, without knowing whether this is the right way of presenting the advice. According to a psychophysics theory, attaining a time headway would indeed allow drivers to show higher headway choice...
article 2013
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Immers, L.H. (author), Stada, J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
article 2006
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Johannsen, H. (author), Adolph, T. (author), Edwards, M. (author), Lazaro, I. (author), Versmissen, A.C.M. (author), Thomson, R. (author), Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast-Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (author), TNO (author)
Objective: To improve vehicle safety in frontal collisions, the crash compatibility between the colliding vehicles is crucial. Compatibility aims to improve both the self and partner protection properties of vehicles. Although compatibility has received worldwide attention for many years, no final assessment approach has been defined. Methods:...
article 2013
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Feru, E. (author), de Jager, B. (author), Willems, F. (author), Steinbuch, M. (author)
This paper presents the modeling and model validation for a modular two-phase heat exchanger that recovers energy in heavy-duty diesel engines. The model is developed for temperature and vapor quality prediction and for control design of the waste heat recovery system. In the studied waste heat recovery system, energy is recovered from both the...
article 2014
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Jacob, J. (author), Colin, J.A. (author), Montemayor, H. (author), Sepac, D. (author), Trinh, H.D. (author), Voorderhake, S.F. (author), Zidkova, P. (author), Paulides, J.J.H. (author), Borisaljevic, A. (author), Lomonova, E.A. (author)
This paper presents the design of a hybrid electric powertrain for the InMotion IM01 race car. InMotion is a multidisciplinary project group of experienced master students, PhD students, and professors. The authors of this paper were involved in the project to develop a suitable powertrain architecture for use in the IM01 series hybrid race car....
article 2015
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Harkema, S. (author), Kicken, R.A.H.J. (author), Langeveld-Voss, B.M.W. (author), van Mensfoort, S.L.M. (author), de Kok, M.M. (author), Coehoorn, R. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
A study is carried out of the external quantum efficiency (EQE) of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on blue-emitting fluorene polymers containing hole-transporting units. For that purpose, 10 polymers containing a systematically varied amount of two different (benzidine-based and phenoxazine-based) aromatic amine comonomers are...
article 2010
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Ploos van Amstel, W. (author)
article 2012
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Kusters, L.J.J. (author)
De zelfrijdende auto mag de openbare weg nog niet op. Maar zodra het zover is, zijn we een ergernis armer. Als 10% van de auto's automatisch op elkaar kan reageren, hebben we een kwart minder files.
article 2014
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Naus, G.J.L. (author), Ploeg, J. (author), van de Molengraft, M.J.G. (author), Heemels, W.P.M.H. (author), Steinbuch, M. (author)
The combination of different characteristics and situation-dependent behavior cause the design of adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems to be time consuming. This paper presents a systematic approach for the design of a parameterized ACC, based on explicit model predictive control. A unique feature of the synthesized ACC is its parameterization...
article 2010
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van Nunen, E. (author), Kwakkernaat, M.R.J.A.E. (author), Ploeg, J. (author), Netten, B.D. (author)
In May 2011, the Grand Cooperative Driving Challenge (GCDC) was held, providing the possibility for teams to develop and compare their cooperative driving solutions in a competitive setting. The challenge was organized to further accelerate developments in the area of cooperative driving. Nine international teams challenged each other to handle...
article 2012
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van Keulen, T. (author), Naus, M.J.G. (author), de Jager, B. (author), van de Molengraft, G.J.L. (author), Steinbuch, M. (author), Aneke, N.P.I. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Deceleration rates have considerable influence on the fuel economy of hybrid electric vehicles. Given the vehicle characteristics and actual/measured operating conditions, as well as upcoming route information, optimal velocity trajectories can be constructed that maximize energy recovery. To support the driver in tracking of the energy optimal...
article 2009
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Cloudt, R.P.M. (author), Willems, F.P.T. (author), van der Heijden, P.V.A.M. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
A promising SCR-only solution is presented to meet post-2010 NOx emission targets for heavy duty applications. The proposed concept is based on an engine from a EURO IV SCR application, which is considered optimal with respect to fuel economy and costs. The addition of advanced SCR after treatment comprising a standard and a close-coupled SCR...
article 2009
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Davydenko, I. (author), Ehrler, V. (author), de Ree, D. (author), Lewis, A. (author), Tavasszy, L. (author)
Improving the efficiency and sustainability of supply chains is a shared aim of the transport industry, its customers, governments as well as industry organisations. To optimize supply chains and for the identification of best practice, standards for their analysis are needed in order to achieve comparable evaluations. This need for an...
article 2014
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Lupker, H.A. (author), TNO Industrie (author)
Both tyre wear and road polishing are complex phenomenon, which are obviously strongly related; the energy that polishes the road is the energy that wears the tyre. The both depend non-linearly on numerous parameters, like materials used, vehicle and road usage, environmental conditions (i.e. temperature) and many others. Based on these...
article 2003
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van den Avoort, P.P. (author), d'Huy, C.W. (author), van 't Veen, P.P. (author), Kusters, L.J.J. (author), Tielemans, E.L.J.P. (author)
Voor veel mensen is een stad de plek om te wonen. Een stad biedt werk, vertier, recreatie en sociale cohesie. Woonruimte en leefruimte dus. Dat is al eeuwen zo. In de toekomst zal een vitale stad nog meer een stad van verbindingen zijn. Met als resultaat: veilig verkeer zonder congestie, ongeevenaarde luchtkwaliteit en een circulaire economie....
article 2014
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Verhoeven, F. (author), Cremers, A. (author), Schoone, M. (author), van Dijk, J. (author)
Purpose Existing solutions facilitating mobility among older adults mainly focus on supporting physical disabilities. However, solutions are more likely to succeed when current activities and capabilities serve as a starting point. Participatory design is a suitable approach to detect these. We investigated (i) how participatory design...
article 2016
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van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), Thierry, M.C. (author), Vet, J.M. (author), Fazlur Rahman, A.K.M. (author)
With 21,000 people annually killed in road traffic (estimated figure by World Health Organization), Bangladesh has one of the highest fatality rates in the world. Vulnerable road users (VRUs) account for over 50% of road traffic casualties, and 70% of casualties occur in rural areas. As in many Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs), the...
article 2017
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Smokers, R.T.M. (author), Bayings, M.B. (author)
Trein, Tram, Metro - Een groot deel van het openbaar vervoer is elektrisch, alleen dus bus nog niet, dat wordt dus hoog tijd. TNO draagt bij aan de invoering ervan, niet alleen met technologie maar ook met strategisch advies
article 2012
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van de Molengraft-Luijten, M.F.J. (author), Besselink, I.J.M. (author), Verschuren, R.M.A.F. (author), Nijmeijer, H. (author)
The challenge of designing stability control functions for trucks is to guarantee robustness for all variations in truck and trailer combinations. The method proposed in this study can be used to quickly narrow down the number of truck and trailer combinations to a critical set to be evaluated with complex nonlinear simulation software or full...
article 2012
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