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Richardus, J.H. (author), Graafmans, W.C. (author), van der Pal-de Bruin, K.M. (author), Amelink-Verburg, M.P. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author), Mackenbach, J.P. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In this paper the concepts, objectives, design, and data analysis procedures of the EuroNatal study are described. This sutdy started in 1996 and is a concerted action including 14 countries in Europe. The EuroNatal study aims at determining the validity of national perinatal mortality rates as an outcome indicator for the quality of antenatal...
article 1997
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Virtanen, S.M. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Aro, A. (author), EURAMIC Study Group (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To evaluate the levels of adipose tissue alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, and toenail selenium and their determinants. Design: Control subjects from multicentre case-control study on antioxidants, myocardial infarction and cancer of the breast. Subjects and setting: 686 male and 339 female middle-aged and elderly subjects from...
article 1996
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Männistö, S. (author), Yaun, S.S. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Adami, H.O. (author), Albanes, D. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Buring, J.E. (author), Cerhan, J.R. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Fuchs, C.S. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Harnack, L. (author), Leitzmann, M. (author), McCullough, M.L. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Schatzkin, A. (author), Virtamo, J. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Zhang, S.M. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dietary carotenoids have been hypothesized to protect against epithelial cancers. The authors analyzed the associations between intakes of specific carotenoids (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein + zeaxanthin, and lycopene) and risk of colorectal cancer using the primary data from 11 cohort studies carried out in North...
article 2007
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Schrama, J.W. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author)
Fermentable nonstarch polysaccharides (dietary fiber) affect energy retention in group-housed growing pigs by reducing physical activity. This study assessed the effects of fermentation and bulkiness of dietary carbohydrates on physical activity in relation to energy metabolism. Eight clusters of 14 pigs were fed one of four diets in a 2 × 2...
article 1999
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Fabriek, B.O. (author), Møller, H.J. (author), Vloet, R.P.M. (author), van Winsen, L.M. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Teunissen, C.E. (author), Uitdehaag, B.M.J. (author), van den Berg, T.K. (author), Dijkstra, C.D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The scavenger receptor CD163 is selectively expressed on tissue macrophages and human monocytes. CD163 has been implicated to play a role in the clearance of hemoglobin and in the regulation of cytokine production by macrophages. Membrane CD163 can be cleaved by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) resulting in soluble CD163 (sCD163). In the present...
article 2007
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Walraven, P.L. (author), Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author)
On the basis of new experimental data of tritanopic vision the convergence centre for tritanopia has been redetermined, and has turned out to bex' = 0.1747,y' = 0.0060 in the Judd 1951-chromaticity diagram. A consequence of this determination is that the blue system is more sensitive than was concluded from the Thomson-Wright (1953) study. The...
article 1974
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Barth, P.G. (author), Hirasing, R.A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The prevalence of the severe disease spina bifida is decreasing, but the present rate is still unacceptably high. Only one-third of women planning motherhood use the recommended folic acid, although compliance is increasing. Campaigns for the use of folic acid by these women should be intensified. This method, however, cannot completely prevent...
article 2000
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Fransman, W. (author), Roeleveld, N. (author), Peelen, S. (author), de Kort, W. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
BACKGROUND: Nurses and other hospital workers are exposed to antineoplastic drugs during daily activities. Previous studies suggest that antineoplastic drugs at occupational exposure levels may be toxic to reproduction, but these studies are not consistent or conclusive. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 4393 exposed...
article 2007
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Reijneveld, S.A. (author), Harland, P. (author), Brugman, E. (author), Verhulst, F.C. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author)
Background This study aims to examine a) the prevalence of psychosocial problems and b) the association between parent-reported problems and the identification by doctors and nurses (child health professionals, CHP) working in preventive child health care, among immigrant and non-immigrant children. Methods CHPs examined 4,098 children aged 5...
article 2005
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Visser, J. (author), Lentjes, E. (author), Haspels, I. (author), Graffelman, W. (author), Blauw, B. (author), de Kloet, R. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Background: In this study we tested the hypothesis that the increased sensitivity to glucocorticoids in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)-patients can be attributed to an altered functioning of their glucocorticoid receptors (GR). Methods: For this purpose, affinity and distribution of the GR were studied in purified, peripheral blood mononuclear...
article 2001
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Nijhuis, E.W.P. (author), Oostervink, F. (author), Hinloopen, B. (author), Rozing, J. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 40 consecutive patients entering a screening program on cognitive impairment were studied in vitro with respect to their sensitivity to dexamethasone (DEX). Phytohemagglutinin-induced proliferation by PBMC from patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (SDAT) was less sensitive to the...
article 1996
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Hopman-Rock, M. (author), de Bock, G.H. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), Springer, M.P. (author), Hofman, A. (author), Kraaimaat, F.W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the pattern of health care utilization of people aged 55-74 years with arthritic pain in the knee or hip. Design: People with current pain were identified in a population- based study. A filter model was used to describe the pattern of health care utilization of people who presented as patients at...
article 1997
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Proper, K.I. (author), Hildebrandt, V.H. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author), Twisk, J.W.R. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author)
Background: Physical inactivity and obesity are major public health problems. Our objective was to investigate the effectiveness of an individual counseling intervention at the workplace on physical activity fitness and health. Counseling content derived from the Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise and Nutrition (PACE)...
article 2003
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Vink, A.A. (author), Bergen Henegouwen, J.B.A. (author), Nikaido, O. (author), Baan, R.A. (author), Roza, L. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Induction and removal of cyclobutane thymine dimers and (6-4)photoproducts were studied in epidermal DNA isolated from UV-exposed hairless mice. For the detection of DNA damage, lesion-specific monoclonal antibodies were used in an immunoslotblot assay. Following the exposure of mice to 3.0 kJ m-2 UV-B, substantial removal of both thymine dimers...
article 1994
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Rosendal, H. (author), Vondeling, H. (author), de Witte, L.P. (author), Hutubessy, R.C.W. (author), van Beekum, W.T. (author), Heine, R.J. (author)
Objective. Assessing whether the initiation of insulin therapy in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 can be delivered as effectively in a structured transmural care model as in the more usual outpatients structure. Design. Retrospective comparative cohort study. Method. In 1997 data were collected from 52 patients with diabetes mellitus type...
article 2002
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Robitail, S. (author), Simeoni, M.-C. (author), Erhart, M. (author), Ravens-Sieberer, U. (author), Bruil, J. (author), Auquier, P. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Purpose: The KIDSCREEN project aims to develop a European cross-cultural generic self-administered Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) instrument for children and adolescents. Proxy measures HRQoL should be a useful and practical alternative to assess children's HRQoL. The KIDSCREEN pilot study involved 3988 children and 2526 child-proxy...
article 2006
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van der Laan, W. (author), Molenaar, E. (author), Ronday, K. (author), Verheijen, J. (author), Breedveld, F. (author), Greenwald, R. (author), Dijkmans, B. (author), Tekoppele, J. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Objective. To investigate the effects of doxycycline on disease activity and joint destruction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods. A 36 week double blind, placebo controlled crossover trial was conducted. Patients (n = 66) received 50 mg doxycycline or placebo twice a day during 12, 24, or 36 weeks. Patient assessments were...
article 2001
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Zito, F. (author), di Castelnuovo, A. (author), Amore, C. (author), D'Orazio, A. (author), Donati, M.B. (author), Iacoviello, L. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of the Bcl I β-chain fibrinogen polymorphism with the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and its relationship with fibrinogen levels in the Italian population. We studied 102 AMI patients, selected within the framework of the GISSI-2 trial, who had a familial history of arterial...
article 1997
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Delaney, B. (author), Carlson, T. (author), Zheng, G.-H. (author), Hess, R. (author), Knutson, N. (author), Frazer, S. (author), Ostergren, K. (author), van Zijverden, M. (author), Knippels, L. (author), Jonker, D. (author), Penninks, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The cholesterol-lowering effect observed following consumption of oats and barley is attributable to the β-glucan component of the soluble fiber fraction of these cereal grains. β-Glucan has also been reported to modulate immune activity, however, few studies have evaluated the hematological effects of β-glucan following oral exposure. In the...
article 2003
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Jong, M.C. (author), Gijbels, M.J.J. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), van Gorp, P.J.J. (author), Koopman, S.-J. (author), Ponec, M. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Transgenic mice were generated with different levels of human apolipoprotein C1 (APOC1) expression in liver and skin. At 2 mo of age, serum levels of cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), and FFA were strongly elevated in APOC1 transgenic mice compared with wild-type mice. These elevated levels of serum cholesterol and TG were due mainly to an...
article 1998
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