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Mioch, T. (author), Kroon, L. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
In the collaborative driving scenario of truck platooning, the first car is driven by its chauffeur and the next cars follow automatically via a so-called 'virtual tow-bar'. The chauffeurs of the following cars do not drive 'in the towbar mode', but need to be able to take back control in foreseen and unforeseen conditions. It is crucial that...
conference paper 2017
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Dekker, N.J.J. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Jansen, M.J. (author), Eerenstein, W. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
The yearly yield of a module in kWh/kWp depends on the module, the mounting of the module and the location. Accurate models for the calculation of the yearly yield can be very detailed and require many parameters. The parameters of these models are often difficult to determine. Simple models are often not very accurate. In this paper, a method...
conference paper 2015
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Sommeling, P. (author), Kroon, J. (author), Guillevin, N. (author), Okel, L. (author), Olson, C. (author)
The production of silicon feedstock and wafers is energy intensive and the costs of the wafers are a significant part of the total module costs. The application of thinner wafers and cells is a way to an improved environmental profile (lower CO2 footprint and energy payback time) and save Si material costs. We present here the results of a...
conference paper 2018
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Kroon, J.M. (author), Verhees, W.J.H. (author), Slooff, L.H. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Andriessen, R. (author), Grossiord, N. (author), Galagan, Y. (author), Blom, P. (author), Budel, T. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
To reduce the costs of polymer solar cells it is important to develop a fully solution processed route. Although several successful generic routes to solution processed hole collecting electrodes have been shown, this is not the case for the electron collecting electrode of polymers cells, as it is hard to find a solution processable low...
conference paper 2011
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van Rooij, L. (author), Sukumar, P. (author), Kroon, L. (author), Bijlsma, T. (author), Hogema, J. (author)
conference paper 2014
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Goris, M.J.A.A. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Kikkert, B.W.J. (author), Rozema, K. (author), Bennett, I.J. (author), Verlaak, J. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
In this paper, two developments targeted at reducing the production cost of back-contact modules are presented. The first cost reduction potential is realised by replacing the conductive copper layer with aluminium with a very thin and locally applied copper coating using cold spray technology. This results in a 2% PV module cost saving while...
conference paper 2016
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Torres Trueba, A. (author), Radoviæ, I.R. (author), Zevenbergen, J.F. (author), Kroon, M.C. (author), Peters, C.J. (author)
Carbon dioxide (CO2) represents almost one third of the emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels additionally, CO2 has been identified as the mayor contributor of global warming. Hydrogen (H2), on the other hand, due to its properties is considered a promising energy carrier. Clathrate hydrates are a potential alternative for CO2 separation...
conference paper 2012
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Wilschut, E.S. (author), Kroon, E.C.M. (author), de Goede, M. (author), Cremers, A.H.M. (author), Hoedemaeker, D.M. (author)
The number of older road users is getting increasingly larger in Europe. Therefore policy makers pay more attention to the abilities and limitations of this group of road users. Providing accessible and comfortable assistance and safety functions for mobility is a key challenge in the objective of extending autonomy, independency, safety and a...
conference paper 2014
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Burgers, A.R. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Slooff, L.H. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Bende, E.E. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
Polymer solar cells may be applied in portable electronic devices, where light intensity and spectral distribution of the illuminating source can be very different compared to outdoor applications. As the power output of solar cells depends on temperature, light intensity and spectrum, the design of the module must be optimized for the specific...
conference paper 2013
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Janssen, R. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Andriessen, R. (author), Aernouts, T. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
This article describes how the Solliance Organic PhotoVoltaics (OPV) shared research Program addresses efficiency, lifetime and production costs for (near) future OPV applications. The balance of these three parameters depends of the envisaged application, but at the end, OPV should be able to compete somehow with Si PV in the future. Efficiency...
conference paper 2012
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Lauermann, I. (author), Salis, E. (author), Gerber, A. (author), Andreasen, J.E. (author), Gevorgyan, S.A. (author), Betts, T. (author), Blagovest, M. (author), Gottschalg, R. (author), Kodolbas, A.O. (author), Yilmaz, O. (author), Liedl, R. (author), Rennhofer, M. (author), Zamini, S. (author), Acciarri, M. (author), Binetti, S. (author), Lotter, E. (author), Bakker, K. (author), Kroon, J. (author), Soppe, W. (author), Razongles, G. (author), Mercaldo, L.V. (author), Roca, F. (author), Romano, A. (author), Ebinger, J.H. (author), Warta, W. (author), Balenzategui, J.L. (author), Trigo, J.F. (author), Neubert, S. (author), Schlatmann, R. (author), Pavanello, D. (author), Mullejans, H. (author)
Within the European FP7 project CHEETAH, a thin-film tandem solar cell round-robin proficiency test was conducted between 13 testing laboratories, plus the European Solar Test Installation (ESTI) of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre as reference laboratory. The purpose of this RR was to compare testing facilities and procedures of...
conference paper 2019
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Kroon, P. (author), Leiser, S. (author), Vreugdenhil, B.J. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
In order to address the risks of climate change, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed in June 2014 a commonsense plan to cut carbon pollution from power plants the Clean Power Plan. The plan comprises state-specific rate-based goals for carbon emissions from existing fossil fuel power plants to new build units. However, the plan...
conference paper 2015
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Newman, B.K. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Guillevin, N. (author), Sommerling, P.M. (author), Gorris, M.J.A.A. (author), Eerenstein, W. (author), Ortiz Gonzales, J. (author)
Foil-based back contact module interconnection technology (FBC) is a versatile solution for high-performance all back contact modules. We exploit the advantages of FBC to make full size modules replacing Cu with lower cost Al. Characterization shows that these modules have excellent electrical performance and reliability. The pick and place...
conference paper 2018
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Kroon, J.M. (author), Lenzmann, F.O. (author), Andriessen, R. (author), Krebs, F.C. (author), Espinosa, N. (author), Garcia-Valverde, R. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
A refined life-cycle assessment of polymer solar cells is presented with a focus on critical components, i.e. the transparent conductive ITO layer and the encapsulation components. This present analysis gives a comprehensive sketch of the full environmental potential of polymer-OPV in comparison with other PV technologies. It is shown that on a...
conference paper 2011
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Meesters, K.P.H. (author), Abelha, P.M.R. (author), Kroon, P. (author), Saric, M. (author), Paz, L. (author), Vural Gursal, I. (author), van Groenestijn, J.W. (author)
Large quantities of biomass will be needed to feed the biobased economy. Use of crops and wood may cause (indirect) land use change related greenhouse gas emissions. Agro-residues could be an interesting alternative. However, several issues are hindering efficient application: high potassium and chlorine content and low bulk density are the most...
conference paper 2021
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Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author), Hensen, A. (author), Kroon, P.S. (author)
Closed (non-steady state) chamber measurements are often used to determine the gas exchange of N2O. Many researchers have addressed the underestimation of the emission estimates obtained from closed chamber measurements when using linear regression methods. Several theoretical models are given in the literature, which are all based on different...
conference paper 2009
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Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author), Kroon, P.S. (author), Schrier, A.P. (author), Hendriks, D.M.D. (author), Veenendaal, E.M. (author), Leffelaar, P.A. (author), Berendse, F. (author)
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conference paper 2009
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Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author), Hensen, A. (author), Kroon, P.S. (author), Schrier, A.P. (author), Jonker, H. (author), Bosveld, F.C. (author), Tummers, M.J. (author)
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conference paper 2009
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Kroon, P.S. (author), Jonker, H. (author), Schuitmaker, A. (author), Tummers, M.J. (author)
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conference paper 2008
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Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author), Goris, M.J.A.A. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Lenzmann, F.O. (author), Olson, C.L. (author)
The first generation of dye-sensitized solar cell technology is based on a liquid electrolyte component. Today, this technology is on the verge of commercialization. The step towards the market and real applications is supported by the prospect low manufacturing costs, good efficiency as well as the expectation that the current stability level...
conference paper 2008
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