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Bosch, P.R. (author), Rovers, V. (author)
De kwetsbaarheid voor de effecten van klimaatverandering kan binnen een stedelijk gebied sterk uiteenlopen. Daarop gericht anticiperen is verstandig. Met name een scala aan relatief kleine maatregelen blijkt efficiënt om de kÏimaatbestendigheid te vergroten, zeker wanneer dit tegelijkertijd gebeurt met groot onderhoud of renovaties. Dit blijkt...
article 2015
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Schaap, M. (author), Cuvelier, C. (author), Hendriks, C. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Baldasano, J.M. (author), Colette, A. (author), Thunis, P. (author), Karam, D. (author), Fagerli, H. (author), Graff, A. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Nyiri, A. (author), Pay, M.T. (author), Rouïl, L. (author), Schulz, M. (author), Simpson, D. (author), Stern, R. (author), Terrenoire, E. (author), Wind, P. (author)
Air pollution causes adverse effects on human health as well as ecosystems and crop yield and also has an impact on climate change trough short-lived climate forcers. To design mitigation strategies for air pollution, 3D Chemistry Transport Models (CTMs) have been developed to support the decision process. Increases in model resolution may...
article 2015
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Hamm, N.A.S. (author), Finley, A.O. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Stein, A. (author)
Particulate matter (PM) air quality in Europe has improved substantially over the past decades, but it still poses a significant threat to human health. Accurate regional scale maps of PM10 concentrations are needed for monitoring progress in mitigation strategies and monitoring compliance with statutory limit values. Chemistry transport models ...
article 2015
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Hendriks, C. (author), Kuenen, J. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Scholz, Y. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
Effective air pollution and short-lived climate forcer mitigation strategies can only be designed when the effect of emission reductions on pollutant concentrations and health and ecosystem impacts are quantified. Within integrated assessment modeling source-receptor relationships (SRRs) based on chemistry transport modeling are used to this end...
article 2015
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Erisman, J.W. (author), Dammers, E. (author), van Damme, M. (author), Soudzilovskaia, N. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
An overview of the achievements and the current state of knowledge on reactive nitrogen in Europe, focusing on deposition, critical load exceedances, and modeled and measured trends.
article 2015
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Albers, R.A.W. (author)
Technologische innovatie bepaald het tempo van de verduurzaming van de samenleving. De opgave is om de ontwikkeling van duurzame innovatieve technologie te versnellen en niet-duurzame innovaties op dood spoor te zetten. De kans is namelijk groot dat door maatschappelijke weerstand zo'n investering vervroegd moet worden afgeschreven
article 2015
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Thunis, P. (author), Pisoni, E. (author), Degraeuwe, B. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Clappier, A. (author)
Chemistry-transport models are increasingly used in Europe for estimating air quality or forecasting changes in pollution levels. But with this increased use of modeling arises the need of harmonizing the methodologies to determine the quality of air quality model applications. This is complex for planning applications, i.e. when models are used...
article 2015
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Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Bergstrom, R. (author), Fountoukis, C. (author), Johansson, C. (author), Panis, S.N. (author), Simpson, D. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author)
Currently residential wood combustion (RWC) is increasing in Europe because of rising fossil fuel prices but also due to climate change mitigation policies. However, especially in smail-scale applications, RWC may cause high emissions of particutate mafler (PM). Recently we have developed a new high-resolution (7 x 7km) anthropogenic...
article 2015
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Jonson, J.E. (author), Jalkanen, J.P. (author), Johansson, L. (author), Gauss, M. (author), van der Gon, H.A.C.D. (author)
Land-based emissions of air pollutants in Europe have steadily decreased over the past two decades, and this decrease is expected to continue. Within the same time span emissions from shipping have increased in EU ports and in the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, defined as SECAs (sulfur emission control areas), although recently sulfur emissions,...
article 2015
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Banzhaf, S. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Manders, A.M.M. (author), Segers, A.J. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author), van der Gon, H.A.C.D. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), van Meijgaard, E. (author), van Ulft, L.H. (author), Cofala, J. (author), Builtjes, P.J.H. (author)
In this study we present a dynamic model evaluation of chemistry transport model LOTOS-EUROS (LOng Term Ozone Simulation - EURopean Operational Smog) to analyse the ability of the model to reproduce observed non-linear responses to emission changes and interannual variability of secondary inorganic aerosol (SIA) and its precursors over Europe...
article 2015
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Timmermans, R.M.A. (author), Lahoz, W.A. (author), Attié, J.L. (author), Peuch, V.H. (author), Curier, R.L. (author), Edwards, D.P. (author), Eskes, H.J. (author), Builtjes, P.J.H. (author)
This review paper provides a framework for the application of the Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) methodology to satellite observations of atmospheric constituents relevant for air quality. The OSSEs are experiments used to determine the potential benefit of future observing systems using an existing monitoring or forecasting...
article 2015
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Kulkarni, S. (author), Sobhani, N. (author), Miller-Schulze, J.P. (author), Shafer, M.M. (author), Schauer, J.J. (author), Solomon, P.A. (author), Saide, P.E. (author), Spak, S.N. (author), Cheng, Y.F. (author), Denier Van Der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Lu, Z. (author), Streets, D.G. (author), Janssens-Maenhout, G. (author), Wiedinmyer, C. (author), Lantz, J. (author), Artamonova, M. (author), Chen, B. (author), Imashev, S. (author), Sverdlik, L. (author), Deminter, J.T. (author), Adhikary, B. (author), D'Allura, A. (author), Wei, C. (author), Carmichael, G.R. (author)
Particulate matter (PM) mass concentrations, seasonal cycles, source sector, and source region contributions in Central Asia (CA) are analyzed for the period April 2008-July 2009 using the Sulfur Transport and dEposition Model (STEM) chemical transport model and modeled meteorology from the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Predicted...
article 2015
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Fu, G. (author), Lin, H.X. (author), Heemink, A.W. (author), Segers, A.J. (author), Lu, S. (author), Palsson, T. (author)
The 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption had serious consequences to civil aviation. This has initiated a lot of research on volcanic ash transport forecast in recent years. For forecasting the volcanic ash transport after eruption onset, a volcanic ash transport and diffusion model (VATDM) needs to be run with Eruption Source Parameters (ESP)...
article 2015
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Shekhar, A. (author), Prasanth, V. (author), Bauer, P. (author), Bolech, M. (author)
An analytical estimation of driving range of electric vehicles (EVs) with contactIess on-road charging system is presented in this paper. Inductive power transfer (IPT) systems with different configurations (static, dynamic), power levels and road coverage have different (and non-linear) impact on the driving range. A generic methodology has...
conference paper 2015
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Bergamaschi, P. (author), Corazza, M. (author), Karstens, U. (author), Athanassiadou, M. (author), Thompson, R.L. (author), Pison, I. (author), Manning, A.J. (author), Bousquet, P. (author), Segers, A. (author), Vermeulen, A.T. (author), Janssens-Maenhout, G. (author), Schmidt, M. (author), Ramonet, M. (author), Meinhardt, F. (author), Aalto, T. (author), Haszpra, L. (author), Moncrieff, J. (author), Popa, M.E. (author), Lowry, D. (author), Steinbacher, M. (author), Jordan, A. (author), O'Doherty, S. (author), Piacentino, S. (author), Dlugokencky, E. (author)
European CH4 and N2O emissions are estimated for 2006 and 2007 using four inverse modelling systems, based on different global and regional Eulerian and Lagrangian transport models. This ensemble approach is designed to provide more realistic estimates of the overall uncertainties in the derived emissions, which is particularly important for...
article 2015
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Hettelingh, J.P. (author), Schutze, G. (author), de Vries, W. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Ilyin, I. (author), Reinds, G.J. (author), Slootweg, J. (author), Travnikov, O. (author)
Cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and mercury (Hg) are known to be transported over relatively long distances from their sources. Deposited metals may accumulate over time in soils and catchments, and then follow varying pathways to endpoints in humans and the environment. Cadmium and lead, that are emitted primarily as particulate matter, and mercury in...
bookPart 2015
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Im, U. (author), Bianconi, R. (author), Solazzo, E. (author), Kioutsioukis, I. (author), Badia, A. (author), Balzarini, A. (author), Baró, R. (author), Bellasio, R. (author), Brunner, D. (author), Chemel, C. (author), Curci, G. (author), Flemming, J. (author), Forkel, R. (author), Giordano, L. (author), Jiménez-Guerrero, P. (author), Hirtl, M. (author), Hodzic, A. (author), Honzak, L. (author), Jorba, O. (author), Knote, C. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Makar, P.A. (author), Manders-Groot, A. (author), Neal, L. (author), Pérez, J.L. (author), Pirovano, G. (author), Pouliot, G. (author), San Jose, R. (author), Savage, N. (author), Schroder, W. (author), Sokhi, R.S. (author), Syrakov, D. (author), Torian, A. (author), Tuccella, P. (author), Werhahn, J. (author), Wolke, R. (author), Yahya, K. (author), Zabkar, R. (author), Zhang, Y. (author), Zhang, J. (author), Hogrefe, C. (author), Galmarini, S. (author)
The second phase of the Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative (AQMEII) brought together sixteen modeling groups from Europe and North America, running eight operational online-coupled air quality models over Europe and North America on common emissions and boundary conditions. With the advent of online-coupled models providing...
article 2015
document
Jongeneel, L.S. (author)
Haar passie voor een duurzamere wereld begon met een grote liefde voor dieren. Gaandeweg breidde die belangstelling zich uit "Het energievraagstuk fascineert me enorm", vertelt Sophie Jongeneel
article 2015
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Donovan, D.P. (author), Klein Baltink, H. (author), Henzing, J.S. (author), de Roode, S.R. (author), Siebesma, A.P. (author)
The fact that polarisation lidars measure a depolarisation signal in liquid clouds due to the occurrence of multiple scattering is well known. The degree of measured depolarisation depends on the lidar characteristics (e.g. wavelength and receiver field of view) as well as the cloud macrophysical (e.g. cloud-base altitude) and microphysical (e.g...
article 2015
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Vlemmix, T. (author), Eskes, H.J. (author), Piters, A.J.M. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Sauter, F.J. (author), Kelder, H. (author), Levelt, P.F. (author)
A 14-month data set of MAX-DOAS (Multi-Axis Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy) tropospheric NO2 column observations in De Bilt, the Netherlands, has been compared with the regional air quality model Lotos-Euros. The model was run on a 7×7 km2 grid, the same resolution as the emission inventory used. A study was performed to assess the...
article 2015
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