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Stelwagen, U. (author), de Lange, R. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Klunder, G.A. (author), Bigazzi, A. (author), Duyzer, J.H. (author), van Baalen, J. (author), van Katwijk, R.T. (author), Kruithof, M.C. (author), van Ratingen, S. (author), Weststrate, J.H. (author), Wilmink, I.R. (author)
In the worldwide efforts to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gasses in general and those emitted by vehicles in particular, vehicle emission monitoring is important. It provides accurate knowledge of real-world emissions of vehicles as input for vehicle emission models. Real-time emission monitoring along roadsides can be used in dedicated...
conference paper 2010
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Willems, F.P.T. (author), Spronkmans, S. (author), Kessels, J.T.B.A. (author)
This article presents a cost-based optimization strategy that explicitly deals with the requirements for fuel consumption and emissions. Based on the Integrated Powertrain Control (IPC) approach, the overall powertrain performance is optimized by integrated energy and emission management. The potential of this strategy is demonstrated for a...
conference paper 2011
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Criens, C. (author), Willems, F.P.T. (author), Steinbuch, M. (author)
This paper presents a new method for feedback control using the Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) valve and Variable Geometry Turbine (VGT) of a diesel engine. The controller effectively counteracts disturbances in NOx and PM emissions while maintaining the fuel efficiency. It is shown that by using a new combination of outputs, the controlled...
conference paper 2013
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Berkhoff, A. (author), van der Rots, R. (author)
Warning signal generators in cars are being developed that have the objective to warn vulnerable road users. Several sensor systems exist which are able to reveal the position of the vulnerable road users, which information can be used by the warning signal generator. Based on this information, the signal generator can be designed to generate...
conference paper 2013
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Kessels, J.T.B.A. (author), Willems, F.P.T. (author), Spronkmans, S.J. (author)
Energy management in modern vehicles typically relates to optimizing the powerflow in the (hybrid) powertrain, whereas emission management is associated with the combustion engine and its aftertreatment system. To achieve maximum performance in both fuel economy and hazardous emissions, the concept of Integrated Powertrain Control (IPC) is...
conference paper 2011
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Paardekooper, J.P. (author), Montfort, S. (author), Manders, J. (author), Goos, J. (author), de Gelder, E. (author), op den Camp, O. (author), Bracquemond, O. (author), Thiolon, G. (author)
An increasing number of driving tasks in vehicles is being taken over by automation as automated driving technology is developed. An important aspect in this development is the safety assessment of new functions and systems. Scenario-based assessment is a promising tool, but it relies heavily on the availability of realistic scenarios for...
conference paper 2019
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Jansen, H.W. (author), Dittrich, M.G. (author), Squicciarini, S. (author), Thompson, D.J. (author), Betgen, B. (author)
New railway vehicles in Europe have to comply with noise limits as defined in the Technical Specification for Interoperability (TSI). The pass-by test has to be carried out at a site that fulfills with TSI requirements. The need has arisen to be able to perform TSI pass-by type testing at non-compliant sites. In the ACOUTRAIN project, procedures...
conference paper 2013
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Dittrich, M.G. (author), de Roo, F. (author), van Zyl, P.S. (author), Jansen, S.T.H. (author), de Graaff, E. (author)
Tyre-road noise is still a major and growing issue in Europe. A recent study performed in The Netherlands for the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment examined the benefits of widescale introduction of high quality labeled tyres, with ‘Triple A’ rating for rolling resistance, wet grip and noise. Two scenarios were investigated, one...
conference paper 2015
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van Montfort, S. (author), op den Camp, O.M.G.C. (author), Fritz, M. (author), Wimmer, T. (author)
From 2018, AEB systems dedicated to avoid or mitigate car-to-cyclist collisions will be included in the safety assessment by Euro NCAP [1] & [2]. To test such systems, appropriate equipment and a test procedure are being developed in the project CATS (Cyclist-AES Testing System). Accidentology was used to determine the most common car-to-cyclist...
conference paper 2015
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van Gompel, P.H.C. (author), Koornneef, G.P. (author)
Two major trends can be identified for powertrain control in the next decade. The legislation will more and more focus on in-use emissions. Together with the global trend to reduce the CO 2 emissions, this will lead to an integral drive train approach. To develop and validate this integral drive train approach, the need for a new chapter in...
conference paper 2010
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van Schijndel-de Nooij, M. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Secondary (or passive) safety constitutes one of the most important strategies to reduce the traffic trauma problem. The European R&D needs in this field are partially dealt with in a large European co-operative R&D project called APROSYS (Advanced Protection Systems) supported by the European Commission. The general objective of APROSYS is the...
conference paper 2008
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van den Elshout, B.P. (author), Bijnen, D. (author), van Eeuwijk, L.J.M. (author)
For a large variety of applications, it is crucial to be able to predict the electric range of a vehicle in a robust and reliable way. Current applications show a lack of accuracy and robustness. The designed algorithm is capable of accurately predicting the range in a robust way, incorporating the effects of drive style, type of route, type of...
conference paper 2012
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van Illigen, W. (author), Haasdijk, E. (author), Kester, L.J.H.M. (author)
The research in this paper is inspired by a vision of intelligent vehicles that autonomously move along motorways: they join and leave trains of vehicles (platoons), overtake other vehicles, etc. We propose a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm based on NEAT and SPEA2 that evolves highlevel controllers for such intelligent vehicles. The...
conference paper 2013
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Berkhoff, A.P. (author), Van Genechten, B. (author)
In this paper, methods are presented to design an acoustic source array for both directional sound generation and non-directional sound generation. The methods are based on measured transfer functions to be able to take into account different source sensitivities, to use extended sources that cannot be regarded as point sources, and complex...
conference paper 2014
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Vet, J.M. (author), Thierry, M.C. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), Rahman, A.K.M.F. (author)
Over 20,000 people are killed due to road traffic crashes in Bangladesh annually. The country has over 100 road traffic deaths per 10,000 motor vehicles, one of the highest rates in the world. 70% of crash fatalities occur in rural areas. In 2014, Safe Crossings (Netherlands) and CIPRB (Bangladesh) received permission from the government of...
conference paper 2016
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Dittrich, M.G. (author), de Roo, F. (author)
Noise emission of new road vehicles is regulated by European Directives [1] and subsequent amendments. Proposals for tighter noise emission limits for road vehicles made by the European Commission in 2011 [2] have been adopted in modified form by the European Parliament in 2013 [3]. In the VENOLIVA study on the effects of new vehicle noise...
conference paper 2013
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Ligterink, N.E. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author), Bolech, M. (author)
For the Dutch Ministry for Infrastructure and the Environment data of plug-in vehicles was collected. Data concerning fueling and charging of plug-in vehicles is collected from lease companies, a fuel-pass company, and the charging infrastruture organisation. More than 10% of the total Dutch plug-in fleet is covered. The electricity data is...
conference paper 2013
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de Roo, F. (author)
In 2013 or early 2014 the European Union will decide upon a new “Regulation on the sound level of motor vehicles”. It will specify a new type approval test method for noise emission and will give revised limit values for the permissible noise emission per vehicle (sub- category. The new regulation may be seen as a final stage of a long series of...
conference paper 2013
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van Mullem, D. (author), van Keulen, T. (author), Kessels, J.T.B.A. (author), de Jager, B. (author), Steinbuch, M. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Energy Management Strategies for hybrid powertrains control the power split, between the engine and electric motor, of a hybrid vehicle, with fuel consumption or emission minimization as objective. Optimal control theory can be applied to rewrite the optimization problem to an optimization independent of time. Estimation of the Lagrange...
conference paper 2010
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Klunder, G.A. (author), Stelwagen, U. (author), Taale, H. (author)
This paper presents a macro emission module for macroscopic traffic models to be used for assessment of ITS and traffic management. It especially focuses on emission estimates for different intersection types. It provides emission values for CO, CO2, HC, NOx, and PM10. It is applied and validated for a macroscopic traffic model developed by the...
conference paper 2013
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