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de Haan, W. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), Mol, I.M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) agonism has been shown to affect multiple steps in both the synthesis and catabolism of HDL, but its integrated effect on HDL metabolism in vivo remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the net effect of PXR agonism on HDL metabolism in ApoE*3-Leiden (E3L) and E3L.CETP mice, well-established models for...
article 2009
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Oranje, A.P. (author), Verbeek, R. (author), Verzaal, P. (author), Haspels, I. (author), Prens, E. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Wet-wrap treatment (WWT) with diluted topical steroids is widely used in atopic dermatitis (AD). Mice with transgenic overexpression of human apolipoprotein C1 (APOC1) in the liver and the skin are not only characterized by hyperlipidaemia and raised IgE levels, but also by pruritic dermatitis and a disturbed skin barrier function,...
article 2009
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Peeters, K.A.B.M. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Lebens, A. (author), Bruijnzeel-Koomen, C.A.F.M. (author), Hefle, S.L. (author), Taylor, S.L. (author), van Hoffen, E. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The use of lupine in food has been increasing during the last decade and allergic reactions to lupine have been reported, especially in peanut-allergic patients. The frequency and the degree of cross-reactivity to other legumes are not known. The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency of sensitization to lupine, and in...
article 2009
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van Deemter, M. (author), Ponsioen, T.L. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Snabel, J.M.M. (author), van der Worp, R.J. (author), Hooymans, J.M.M. (author), Los, L.I. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The human vitreous body undergoes structural changes with aging. This can be followed by a posterior vitreous detachment, which can result in ocular pathology. As in many collagenous tissues, age-related changes in the vitreous could be caused by the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). The goal of this study was to find out...
article 2009
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Treijtel, N. (author), Eijkeren, J.C.H.v. (author), Nijmeijer, S. (author), van der Greef de - Sandt, I.C.J. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The metabolism and active transport of ritonavir and saquinavir were studied using sandwich-cultured rat hepatoyctes and rat liver microsomes. For ritonavir four comparable metabolites were observed in the sandwich-culture and in microsomes. For saquinavir eight metabolites were observed in sandwich-culture and 14 different metabolites in...
article 2009
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van Riet, E. (author), Everts, B. (author), Retra, K. (author), Phylipsen, M. (author), van Hellemond, J.J. (author), Tielens, A.G.M. (author), van der Kleij, D. (author), Hartgers, F.C. (author), Yazdanbakhsh, M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Background: Recognition of pathogens by dendritic cells (DCs) through interaction with pattern recognition receptors, including Toll like receptors (TLR), is crucial for the initiation of appropriate polarized T helper (Th) cell responses. Yet, the characteristics and differences in molecular profiles of DCs with different T cell polarizing...
article 2009
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van Peppen, R.P.S. (author), Schuurmans, M.J. (author), Stutterheim, E.C. (author), Lindeman, E. (author), van Meeteren, N.L.U. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To determine the influence of tutor expertise on the uptake of a physiotherapists' educational programme intended to promote the use of outcome measures in the management of patients with stroke. Design: Pilot randomized controlled trial. Methods: Thirty physiotherapists involved in stroke management were randomized into two groups...
article 2009
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van den Borne, S.W.M. (author), Cleutjens, J.P.M. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Creemers, E.E. (author), Smits, J.F.M. (author), Daemen, M.J.A.P. (author), Blankesteijn, W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Infarct rupture is a usually fatal complication of myocardial infarction (MI), for which no molecular mechanism has been described in humans. Experimental evidence in mouse models suggests that the degradation of the extracellular matrix by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) plays an important role in infarct rupture. The present study...
article 2009
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Neto, B. (author), Kroeze, C. (author), Hordijk, L. (author), Costa, C. (author), Pulles, M.P.J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
This study explores a model (MIKADO) to analyse scenarios for the reduction of the environmental impact of an aluminium die casting plant. Our model calculates the potential to reduce emissions, and the costs associated with implementation of reduction options. In an earlier paper [Neto, B., Kroeze, C., Hordijk, L., Costa, C., 2008. Modelling...
article 2009
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Henneman, P. (author), van der Sman-de Beer, F. (author), Moghaddam, P.H. (author), Huijts, P. (author), Stalenhoef, A.F.H. (author), Kastelein, J.J.P. (author), van Duijn, C.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Smelt, A.H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Type III hyperlipoproteinemia (HLP) is mainly found in homozygous apolipoprotein (APO) E2 (R158C) carriers. Genetic factors contributing to the expression of type III HLP were investigated in 113 hyper- and 52 normolipidemic E2/2 subjects, by testing for polymorphisms in APOC3, APOA5, HL (hepatic lipase) and LPL (lipoprotein lipase) genes. In...
article 2009
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van der Heijden, A.E.D.M. (author), Leeuwenburgh, A.B. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The burning rate characteristics of solid composite propellants can be modified via different methods. One of these is the application of different oxidizer particle sizes in the propellant. The effect of the use of fine and coarse particles of the oxidizer hydrazinium nitroformate (HNF) in hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB)-based...
article 2009
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Balguid, A. (author), Mol, A. (author), van Marion, M.H. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Bouten, C.V.C. (author), Baaijens, F.P.T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Despite the attractive features of nanofibrous scaffolds for cell attachment in tissue-engineering (TE) applications, impeded cell ingrowth has been reported in electrospun scaffolds. Previous findings have shown that the scaffold can function as a sieve, keeping cells on the scaffold surface, and that cell migration into the scaffold does not...
article 2009
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Mars, M. (author), Hogenkamp, P.S. (author), Gosses, A.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A higher viscosity of a food leads to a longer orosensory stimulation. This may facilitate the learned association between sensory signals and metabolic consequences. In the current study we investigated the effect of viscosity on learned satiation. In two intervention groups a low viscosity (LV) yogurt (n = 24) and a high viscosity (HV) yogurt ...
article 2009
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Vermeulen, M. (author), Boerboom, A.M.M.J.F. (author), Blankvoort, B.M.G. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Isothiocyanates are electrophiles that are able to induce phase II biotransformation enzyme gene expression via an electrophile-responsive element (EpRE) in the gene regulatory region. To study the potency of different isothiocyanates to induce the expression of EpRE-regulated genes, a Hepa-1c1c7 luciferase reporter cell line was exposed to...
article 2009
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de Jong, W.H. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Klerk, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There are currently no validated animal models that can identify low molecular weight (LMW) respiratory sensitizers. The Local Lymph Node Assay (LLNA) is a validated animal model developed to detect contact sensitizers using skin exposure, but all LMW respiratory sensitizers tested so far were also positive in this assay. Discrimination between...
article 2009
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Amelink-Verburg, M.P. (author), Rijnders, M.E.B. (author), Buitendijk, S.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective To assess the trends and patterns of referral from midwives to obstetricians within the Dutch maternity care system from 1988 to 2004, and the differences in referral patterns between nulliparous and parous women. Design A descriptive study. Setting The Dutch midwifery database (LVR1), which monitored 74% (1988) to 94% (2004) of all...
article 2009
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Vogel, I. (author), Verschuure, H. (author), van der Ploeg, C.P.B. (author), Brug, J. (author), Raat, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE. The goal was to assess risky and protective listening behaviors of adolescent users of MP3 players and the association of these behaviors with demographic characteristics and frequency of use. METHODS. In 2007, 1687 adolescents (12-19 years of age) in 68 classes in 15 Dutch secondary schools were invited to complete questionnaires...
article 2009
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van Dommelen, P. (author), Kamphuis, M. (author), van Leerdam, F.J.M. (author), de Wilde, J.A. (author), Rijpstra, A. (author), Campagne, A.E. (author), Verkerk, P.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To assess the short- and long-term effects of 3 simple behavioral interventions to overcome nocturnal enuresis in young children. Study design: We performed a randomized controlled trial in children aged four to five years with mono-symptomatic nocturnal enuresis (n = 570). The children were placed in one of four groups: (1) lifting...
article 2009
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Joosen, M.J.A. (author), Jousma, E. (author), van den Boom, T.M. (author), Kuijpers, W.C. (author), Smit, A.B. (author), Lucassen, P.J. (author), van Helden, H.P.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
To date, treatment of organophosphate (OP) poisoning shows several shortcomings, and OP-victims might suffer from lasting cognitive deficits and sleep–wake disturbances. In the present study, long-term effects of soman poisoning on learning ability, memory and neurogenesis were investigated in rats, treated with the anticholinergic atropine and...
article 2009
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Koelewijn, T. (author), Bronkhorst, A. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
There is debate in the crossmodal cueing literature as to whether capture of visual attention by means of sound is a fully automatic process. Recent studies show that when visual attention is endogenously focused sound still captures attention. The current study investigated whether there is interaction between exogenous auditory and visual...
article 2009
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