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Mulder, S.D. (author), van der Flier, W.M. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Mulder, C. (author), Scheltens, P. (author), Blankenstein, M.A. (author), Hack, C.E. (author), Veerhuis, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Several studies have shown that reduced amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ {42}) and increased tau levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) reflect increased Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology in the brain. β-site APP cleaving enzyme (BACE1) is thought to be the major β-secretase involved in Aβ production in the brain, and therefore we investigated the relation...
article 2010
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Heinen, M.M. (author), Verhage, B.A.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: To date, cigarette smoking is the most consistent risk factor for pancreatic cancer. We prospectively examined the role of active cigarette smoking, smoking cessation, and passive smoking as determinants for pancreatic cancer. Methods: The Netherlands Cohort Study consisted of 120,852 men and women who completed a baseline...
article 2010
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Pedersen, G.S. (author), Hogervorst, J.G.F. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Konings, E.J.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Acrylamide, a potential human carcinogen, has been discovered in a variety of heat-treated carbohydrate-rich food products. Previously, dietary acrylamide intake was shown to be associated with endocrine-related cancers in humans. We assessed the association between dietary acrylamide intake and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer stratified by...
article 2010
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Vos, P.A.J.M. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Huisman, A.M. (author), Oostveen, J.C.M. (author), Marijnissen, A.C.A. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), van El, B. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: Age-related changes in articular cartilage are likely to play a role in the aetiology of osteoarthritis (OA). One of the major age-related changes in cartilage is the accumulation of advanced-glycation-endproducts (AGEs). Since, cartilage tissue is not readily available from patients for studying AGE levels, alternative approaches...
article 2010
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Schinkel, J. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Heussen, H. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Marquart, H. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: For regulatory risk assessment under REACH a tiered approach is proposed in which the first tier models should provide a conservative exposure estimate that can discriminate between scenarios which are of concern and those which are not. The Stoffenmanager is mentioned as a first tier approach in the REACH guidance. In an attempt to...
article 2010
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Mariani, B. (author), Hoskovec, C. (author), Rochat, S. (author), Büla, C. (author), Penders, J. (author), Aminian, K. (author), Laboratory of Movement Analysis and Measurements, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, -STI-IBI2-LMAM, Station 11/ELH 137, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland Service of Geriatric Medicine, CHUV and CUTR Sylvana, Epalinges, Switzerland Holst Centre/IMEC, High Tech Campus 31, Eindhoven, Netherlands (author)
This study describes the validation of a new wearable system for assessment of 3D spatial parameters of gait. The new method is based on the detection of temporal parameters, coupled to optimized fusion and de-drifted integration of inertial signals. Composed of two wirelesses inertial modules attached on feet, the system provides stride length,...
article 2010
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de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), Toet, K. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Inflammation plays an important role in all stages of atherosclerosis, but little is known about the therapeutic effects of quenching inflammation in already existing atherosclerotic lesions. Putative beneficial effects of salicylate, an inhibitor of NF-κB activation, were studied in mice with established lesions. Methods: ApoE*3...
article 2010
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de Leeuw van Weenen, J.E. (author), Parlevliet, E.T. (author), Maechler, P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Guigas, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Treatment with the dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) agonist bromocriptine improves metabolic features in obese patients with type 2 diabetes by a still unknown mechanism. In the present study, we investigated the acute effect of bromocriptine and its underlying mechanism(s) on insulin secretion both in vivo and in vitro. For this purpose, C57Bl6/J...
article 2010
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de Vries, S.I. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author), Bakker, I. (author), Hirasing, R.A. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study examined built environmental correlates of children's walking and cycling behavior. Four hundred and forty-eight children from 10 Dutch neighborhoods completed a seven-day physical activity diary in which the number of walking and cycling trips for transportation, to school, and for recreation were assessed. The associations between...
article 2010
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Smits, K.M. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Hudak, E. (author), Verhage, B. (author), van Dijk, B.A.C. (author), van de Hulsbergen - Kaa, C.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Oosterwijk, E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Purpose: Body mass index (BMI) is an important risk factor for clear-cell renal cancer (cc-RCC). A common molecular alteration in cc-RCC is loss-of-function of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene. We evaluated the association between BMI and VHL mutations in cc-RCC by using data from the Netherlands Cohort Study (NLCS), a prospective study, which...
article 2010
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Hamer, H.M. (author), Jonkers, D.M.A.E. (author), Renes, I.B. (author), Vanhoutvin, S.A.L.W. (author), Kodde, A. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Venema, K. (author), Brummer, R.-J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
INTRODUCTION: The colonic mucus layer plays an important role in the protection of the intestinal epithelium and mainly consists of mucin glycoproteins (primarily MUC2 in the colon) trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) and secretory IgA. Butyrate is a major end product of fermentation of dietary fibres and is associated with beneficial effects on colonic...
article 2010
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Adav, S.S. (author), Li, A.A. (author), Manavalan, A. (author), Punt, P. (author), Sze, S.K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The natural lifestyle of Aspergillus niger made them more effective secretors of hydrolytic proteins and becomes critical when this species were exploited as hosts for the commercial secretion of heterologous proteins. The protein secretion profile of A. niger and its mutant at different pH was explored using iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics...
article 2010
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Manders, A.M.M. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Querol, X. (author), Albert, M.F.M.A. (author), Vercauteren, J. (author), Kuhlbusch, T.A.J. (author), Hoogerbrugge, R. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The oceans are a major source for particles that play an important role in many atmospheric processes. In Europe sea salt may contribute significantly to particulate matter concentrations. We have compiled sodium concentration data as a tracer for sea salt for 89 sites in Europe to provide more insight in the distribution of sea salt across...
article 2010
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Hogenkamp, P.S. (author), Mars, M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: An important question in the regulation of energy intake is whether dietary learning of energy content depends on the food's characteristics, such as texture. Texture might affect the duration of sensory exposure and eating rate. Objective: The objective was to investigate whether a long sensory exposure, due to differences in means...
article 2010
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Baumans, V. (author), van Loo, P.L.P. (author), Pham, T.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Rats and mice are the most commonly used species as laboratory animal models of diseases in biomedical research. Environmental factors such as cage size, number of cage mates and cage structure such as environmental enrichment can affect the physiology and behavioural development of laboratory animals and their well-being throughout their lives....
article 2010
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Tak, P.P. (author), van Kuijk, A.W.R. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Koeman, R.C. (author), Sakkee, N. (author), Baeten, D.L. (author), Gerlag, D.M. (author)
Background: There is growing interest in soluble biomarkers that could be used on the group level for screening purposes in small proof of principle studies during early drug development. We investigated early changes in serum levels of several candidate biomarkers involved in cartilage and bone metabolism following the initiation of adalimumab...
article 2010
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Ceconi, C. (author), Fox, K.M. (author), Remme, W.J. (author), Simoons, M.L. (author), Deckers, J.W. (author), Bertrand, M. (author), Parrinello, G. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Blann, A. (author), Cokkinos, D. (author), Ferrari, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The PERTINENT study measured biomarkers of atherosclerosis and thrombosis in a stable coronary artery disease population from EUROPA receiving ACE inhibition with perindopril 8 mg/day or placebo. Biomarkers of inflammation, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and a biomarker of thrombosis, d-dimer, were...
article 2009
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Eefting, D. (author), Bot, I. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), Schepers, A. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Biessen, E.A.L. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Inflammatory responses to vascular injury are key events in vein graft disease and accelerated atherosclerosis, which may result in bypass failure. The monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)/CC-chemokine receptor (CCR)-2 pathway is hypothesized to play a central role. A murine model for vein graft disease was used to study the...
article 2009
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Verouden, M.P.H. (author), Westerhuis, J.A. (author), van der Werf, M.J. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In metabolomics research a large number of metabolites are measured that reflect the cellular state under the experimental conditions studied. In many occasions the experiments are performed according to an experimental design to make sure that sufficient variation is induced in the metabolite concentrations. However, as metabolomics is a...
article 2009
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Rubbens, M.P. (author), Mol, A. (author), Boerboom, R.A. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Baaijens, F.P.T. (author), Bouten, C.V.C. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Tissue-engineered heart valves lack sufficient amounts of functionally organized structures and consequently do not meet in vivo mechanical demands. To optimize tissue architecture and hence improve mechanical properties, various in vitro mechanical conditioning protocols have been proposed, of which intermittent straining is most promising in...
article 2009
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