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Allan, J.E.M. (author), Bakker, B.J. (author), Buist, H.E. (author), Flament, G. (author), Hartmann, C. (author), Jawad, I. (author), Kuijpers, L.T. (author), Kuittinen, H. (author), Noyons, E. (author), Stolwijk, C.C.M. (author), Olaeta, X.U. (author), Yegros, A. (author)
This report offers a snapshot of the status of the environment for nanotechnology in the context of transport. Transport is defined here as a sector based on vehicles for transporting people and/or goods via the air, rail, road, water and space1, and is here divided into two main areas, vehicles and infrastructure. The industry generates about 5...
report 2017
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Ntziachristos, L. (author), Vonk, W.A. (author), Papadopoulos, G. (author), van Mensch, P. (author), Geivanidis, S. (author), Mellios, G. (author), Papadimitriou, G. (author), Steven, H. (author), Elstgeest, M. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Kontses, A. (author), Heinz, S. (author)
report 2017
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Downward, G.S. (author), Hu, W. (author), Rothman, N. (author), Reiss, B. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Wu, G. (author), Wei, F. (author), Xu, J. (author), Seow, W.J. (author), Chapman, R.S. (author), Lan, Q. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author)
Exposure to crystalline silica (quartz) has been implicated as a potential cause of the high lung cancer rates in the neighbouring counties of Xuanwei and Fuyuan, China, where the domestic combustion of locally sourced “smoky” coal (a bituminous coal) is responsible for some of the highest lung cancer rates in the nation, irrespective of gender...
article 2017
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Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Janssens-Maenhout, G. (author), Doring, U. (author), Jonkers, S. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author)
The most important climate forcer over the period 1750-present is CO2 from fossil fuel combustion (IPCC, 2013). European countries that are Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) submit national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories to the Climate Change secretariat. However, these reported emissions are annual...
article 2017
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Kadijk, G. (author), Elstgeest, M. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author)
Wall flow diesel particulate filters (DPFs) are a very effective means to reduce emissions of soot particles in the exhaust gases of diesel cars. In 2002, diesel particulate filters made their appearance on the Dutch market for passenger cars and diesel particulate filters are used on a large scale since 2007, due to a fiscal stimulus. European...
report 2017
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Spreen, J.S. (author), Harmsen, J. (author)
Door vrachtvervoer te verschuiven van de weg naar het spoor valt met relatief weinig inspanning veel CO2-winst te behalen, stellen TNO-onderzoekers. Wel nog even het vervoersaanbod bundelen en zorgen voor een goede dienstregeling.
article 2017
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Lebesque, L.H.E.M. (author), van Meijeren, J.C. (author), de Boer, M.H. (author), Kosterman, S. (author)
Is it possible to face the challenges of today while keeping track of the developments of tomorrow? Being a player in the present-day logistics sector is a challenging profession. Competition is fierce and customers are becoming more and more demanding. Challenges like changing customer expectations, technological breakthroughs, new entrants to...
other 2017
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Super, I. (author), van der Gon, H.A.C.D. (author), van der Molen, M.K. (author), Sterk, H.A.M. (author), Hensen, A. (author), Peters, W. (author)
Monitoring urban-industrial emissions is often challenging because observations are scarce and regional atmospheric transport models are too coarse to represent the high spatiotemporal variability in the resulting concentrations. In this paper we apply a new combination of an Eulerian model (Weather Research and Forecast, WRF, with chemistry)...
article 2017
document
Snelder, M. (author), Wesseling, B. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Hertogh, M.J.C.M. (author)
When infrastructures projects are evaluated, it is not only important to evaluate them with models that represent the average daily situation, but also to evaluate them in case of irregular situations like incidents. This becomes especially relevant when various project alternatives are expected to show significantly different scores in case of...
article 2017
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Manders, A.M.M. (author), Builtjes, P.J.H. (author), Curier, L. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Hendriks, C. (author), Jonkers, S. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Segers, A.J. (author), Timmermans, R.M.A. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author), Wichink Kruit, R.J. (author), van Pul, W.A.J. (author), Sauter, F.J. (author), van der Swaluw, E. (author), Swart, D.P.J. (author), Douros, J. (author), Eskes, H. (author), van Meijgaard, E. (author), van Ulft, B. (author), van Velthoven, P. (author), Banzhaf, S. (author), Mues, A.C. (author), Stern, R. (author), Fu, G. (author), Lu, S. (author), Heemink, A. (author), van Velzen, N. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
The development and application of chemistry transpor tmodels has a long tradition. Within the Netherlands the LOTOS–EUROS model has been developed by a consortium of institutes, after combining its independently developed predecessors in 2005. Recently, version 2.0 of the model was released as an open-source version. This paper presents the...
article 2017
document
Sluijk, N. (author)
Er rijden op dit moment bijna 1 miljoen bestelauto’s rond. Met dit grote aantal is de bestelauto het werkpaard van de Nederlandse economie. Keerzijde is het slechte imago op het gebied van duurzaamheid. Elektrisch rijden komt als schoon alternatief daardoor steeds meer in de spotlight te staan, maar de rol is bescheiden omdat de techniek nog...
article 2017
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Jedynska, A. (author), Hoek, G. (author), Wang, M. (author), Yang, A. (author), Eeftens, M. (author), Cyrys, J. (author), Keuken, M. (author), Ampe, C. (author), Beelen, R. (author), Cesaroni, G. (author), Forastiere, F. (author), Cirach, M. (author), de Hoogh, K. (author), de Nazelle, A. (author), Nystad, W. (author), Akhlaghi, H.M. (author), Declercq, C. (author), Stempfelet, M. (author), Eriksen, K.T. (author), Dimakopoulou, K. (author), Lanki, T. (author), Meliefste, K. (author), Nieuwenhuijsen, M. (author), Yli-Tuomi, T. (author), Raaschou-Nielsen, O. (author), Janssen, N.A.H. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author)
Oxidative potential (OP) has been suggested as a health-relevant measure of air pollution. Little information is available about OP spatial variation and the possibility to model its spatial variability. Our aim was to measure the spatial variation of OP within and between 10 European study areas. The second aim was to develop land use...
article 2017
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Fioletov, V. (author), McLinden, C.A. (author), Kharol, S.K. (author), Krotkov, N.A. (author), Li, C. (author), Joiner, J. (author), Moran, M.D. (author), Vet, R. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author), Denier Van Der Gon, H.A.C. (author)
Reported sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions from US and Canadian sources have declined dramatically since the 1990s as a result of emission control measures. Observations from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on NASA's Aura satellite and ground-based in situ measurements are examined to verify whether the observed changes from SO2 abundance...
article 2017
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Blok, M.M. (author)
Logistics is one of the top sectors in the Netherlands and currently on the rise again. The smart organisation of the flow of goods can help the Netherlands retain its leading position. The use — but even more importantly, the sharing — of data is essential for this. But what information can you give away? And isn't the competition going to take...
article 2017
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de Vos-Effting, S.E. (author), Mulder, G.G.C. (author), Keijzer, E.E. (author), Bonte, H. (author), Bastein, A.G.T.M. (author)
report 2017
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Airaksinen, M. (author), Seppa, I.P. (author), Huovilla, A. (author), Neumann, H.M. (author), Iglar, B. (author), Bosch, P.R. (author)
This paper presents a holistic performance measurement framework for harmonized and transparent monitoring and comparability of the European cities activities during the implementation of Smart City solutions. The work methodology was based on extensive collaboration and communication with European cities in order to develop a set of Key...
conference paper 2017
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Kadijk, G. (author), Vermeulen, R.J. (author), Buskermolen, E.G. (author), Elstgeest, M. (author), van Heesen, D. (author), Heijne, V.A.M. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author)
Dit rapport beschrijft de resultaten van metingen aan de praktijkemissies van Euro 5 en Euro 6/VI dieselbestelauto’s en busjes voor personenvervoer. Praktijkemissies zijn emissies zoals deze optreden, rijdend met het voertuig, op de openbare weg. Het project waarbinnen deze metingen zijn verricht wordt door TNO uitgevoerd in opdracht van het...
report 2017
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Dammers, E. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Haaima, M. (author), Palm, M. (author), Wichink Kruit, R.J. (author), Volten, H. (author), Hansen, A. (author), Swart, D. (author), Erisman, J.W. (author)
Ammonia (NH3) is difficult to monitor at atmospheric concentrations due its high solubility and reac-tivity and the strong spatial and temporal variations of its concentrations. Monitoring is mostly per-formed using passive samplers or filter packs with daily coverage at best. Only at a few sites ammonia is measured with more expensive wet...
article 2017
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Fraters, D. (author), Boom, G.J.F.L. (author), Boumans, L.J.M. (author), de Weerd, H. (author), Wolters, M. (author)
The solute concentration in the subsoil beneath the root zone is an important parameter for leaching assessment. Drainage centrifugation is considered a simple and straightforward method of determining soil solution chemistry. Although several studies have been carried out to determine whether this method is robust, hardly any results are...
article 2017
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den Boer, E. (author), Kok, R. (author), Ploos van Amstel, W. (author), Quak, H.J. (author), Wagter, H. (author)
When it comes to City Logistics, the need to innovate comes from multiple directions. Greenhouse gas emissions must be drastically reduced while at the same time maintaining a vibrant and healthy economy, demanding robust action from each and every sector, including transport. At the same time, competition for scarce and precious common...
report 2017
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