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de Leeuw van Weenen, J.E. (author), Parlevliet, E.T. (author), Maechler, P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Guigas, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Treatment with the dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) agonist bromocriptine improves metabolic features in obese patients with type 2 diabetes by a still unknown mechanism. In the present study, we investigated the acute effect of bromocriptine and its underlying mechanism(s) on insulin secretion both in vivo and in vitro. For this purpose, C57Bl6/J...
article 2010
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Parlevliet, E.T. (author), Schröder-van der Elst, J.P. (author), Corssmit, E.P.M. (author), Picha, K. (author), O'Neil, K. (author), Stojanovic-Susulic, V. (author), Ort, T. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Pijl, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
CNTO736 is a glucagon-like peptide (GLP) 1 receptor agonist that incorporates a GLP-1 peptide analog linked to the Mimeti-body platform. We evaluate the potential of acute and chronic CNTO736 treatment on insulin sensitivity and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) metabolism. For acute studies, diet-induced insulin-resistant C57BL76 mice...
article 2009
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van den Hoek, A.M. (author), van Heijningen, C. (author), van der Schröder - Elst, J.P. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Kalsbeek, A. (author), Pijl, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE-We recently showed that intracerebroventricular infusion of neuropeptide Y (NPY) hampers inhibition of endogenous glucose production (EGP) by insulin in mice. The down stream mechanisms responsible for these effects of NPY remain to be elucidated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish whether intracerebroventricular NPY...
article 2008
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Heinen, M.M. (author), Verhage, B.A.J. (author), Lumey, L.H. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Recent studies of pancreatic cancer suggest a role for hyperinsulinemia in carcinogenesis. Because insulin is secreted in response to elevated blood glucose concentrations, dietary factors that increase these concentrations may be important in pancreatic carcinogenesis. Objective: The objective was to examine prospectively the...
article 2008
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van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Teusink, B. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Pijl, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Obese humans are often insulin- and leptin resistant. Since leptin can affect glucose metabolism, it is conceivable that a lack of leptin signal transduction contributes to insulin resistance. It remains unclear whether leptin affects glucose metabolism via peripheral and/or central mechanistic routes. In the present study, we aimed: (i) to...
article 2008
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Smeets, P.A.M. (author), Vidarsdottir, S. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), van Osch, M.J.P. (author), Viergever, M.A. (author), Pijl, H. (author), van der Grond, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We previously showed that hypothalamic neuronal activity, as measured by the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional MRI signal, declines in response to oral glucose intake. To further explore the mechanism driving changes in hypothalamic neuronal activity in response to an oral glucose load, we here compare hypothalamic BOLD signal...
article 2007
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Korsheninnikova, E. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Baan, B. (author), van der Zon, G.C.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Maassen, J.A. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Insulin is an important regulator of hepatic carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism, and the regulation of these processes by insulin is disturbed under conditions of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Despite these alterations, the impact of insulin resistance on insulin signalling in the liver is not well defined. Variations in time...
article 2007
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Lluch, A. (author), Vinoy, S. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), Holst, J.J. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Distension and chemosensitization of the stomach are insufficient to induce a ghrelin response, suggesting that postgastric feedback is required. This postgastric feedback may be regulated through insulin. We investigated the relation between gastric emptying rate and the postprandial ghrelin response as well as the role of insulin and other...
article 2006
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Lluch, A. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Vinoy, S. (author), Holst, J.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The most satiating macronutrient appears to be dietary protein. Few studies have investigated the effects of dietary protein on ghrelin secretion in humans. Objective: This study was designed to investigate whether a high-protein (HP) breakfast is more satiating than a high-carbohydrate breakfast (HC) through suppression of...
article 2006
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Manders, R.J. (author), Koopman, R. (author), Sluijsmans, W.E. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), Verbeek, K. (author), Saris, W.H. (author), Wagenmakers, A.J. (author), van Loon, L.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study examined postprandial plasma insulin and glucose responses after co-ingestion of an insulinotropic protein (Pro) hydrolysate with and without additional free leucine with a single bolus of carbohydrate (Cho). Male patients with long-standing Type 2 diabetes (n = 10) and healthy controls (n = 10) participated in 3 trials in which...
article 2006
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Beulens, J.W.J. (author), van Beers, R.M. (author), Stolk, R.P. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To investigate the effect of moderate alcohol consumption on fat distribution, adipose tissue secreted proteins (adiponectin and resistin), and insulin sensitivity in healthy middle-aged men with abdominal obesity. Research Methods and Procedures: Thirty-four healthy men between 35 and 70 years old, with increased waist circumference ...
article 2006
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Smeets, P.A.M. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), van Osch, M.J.P. (author), van der Grond, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Evidence exists that beverages do not trigger appropriate anticipatory physiologic responses, such as cephalic phase insulin release. Therefore, it is of interest to elucidate the food properties necessary for triggering adaptive responses. Previously, we found a prolonged dose-dependent decrease in the hypothalamic functional...
article 2005
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Ghrelin plays an important role in the regulation of food intake. Little is known about how ghrelin concentrations are modified by dietary factors. Objective: We examined the effects of both amount and type of carbohydrate on ghrelin concentrations and all correlations among the variables ghrelin, glucose, insulin, leptin, and all 4...
article 2005
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Pasman, W.J. (author), Blokdijk, V.M. (author), Bertina, F.M. (author), Hopman, W.P.M. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author)
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of simple vs complex carbohydrates (SCHO and CCHO respectively) containing breakfasts on blood parameters, hunger and satiety and mood. DESIGN: A 2-day, open, randomised, cross-over trial. SUBJECTS: A total of 26 male subjects (34±6y; BMI 23.4±2.2 kg m-2). MEASUREMENTS: Blood glucose, insulin, triacylglycerols (TG)...
article 2003
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Goudriaan, J.R. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), Teusink, B. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), Febbraio, M. (author), Maassen, J.A. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author)
CD36 (fatty acid translocase) is involved in high-affinity peripheral fatty acid uptake. Mice lacking CD36 exhibit increased plasma free fatty acid and triglyceride (TG) levels and decreased glucose levels. Studies in spontaneous hypertensive rats lacking functional CD36 link CD36 to the insulin-resistance syndrome. To clarify the relationship...
article 2003
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Muurling, M. (author), Jong, M.C. (author), Mensink, R.P. (author), Hornstra, G. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Previous studies have shown that energy restriction (ER) or low-fat (LF) diets have beneficial effects on high-fat (HF) diet-induced obesity and non-insulin-dependent diabetes. However, comparison between ER and low-fat diet regarding the effect on insulin resistance and lipid metabolism has not been reported. After inducing insulin resistance...
article 2002
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Sijbrands, E.J.G. (author), Westendorp, R.G.J. (author), Hoffer, M.J.V. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), Meinders, A.E. (author), Souverijn, J.H.M. (author), Leuven, J.A.G. (author), van der Laarse, A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Smelt, A.H.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Apolipoprotein (ape) E2 and high insulin levels are associated with the severity of hypertriglyceridemia in patients with combined hyperlipidemia. To study how these determinants affect very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) in combined hyperlipidemic patients, we characterized VLDL particles in 106 unrelated patients with combined hyperlipidemia....
article 1996
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