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Zimmer, B. (author), Pallocca, G. (author), Dreser, N. (author), Foerster, S. (author), Waldmann, T. (author), Westerhout, J. (author), Julien, S. (author), Krause, K.H. (author), Van Thriel, C. (author), Hengstler, J.G. (author), Sachinidis, A. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Leist, M. (author)
Developmental toxicity in vitro assays have hitherto been established as stand-alone systems, based on a limited number of toxicants. Within the embryonic stem cell-based novel alternative tests project, we developed a test battery framework that allows inclusion of any developmental toxicity assay and that explores the responses of such test...
article 2014
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Morrison, M. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author), Kooistra, T. (author)
Objective: Polyphenols such as quercetin may exert several beneficial effects, including those resulting from anti-inflammatory activities, but their impact on cardiovascular health is debated. We investigated the effect of quercetin on cardiovascular risk markers including human C-reactive protein (CRP) and on atherosclerosis using transgenic...
article 2011
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van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Mathijs, K. (author), Staal, Y.C.M. (author), van Herwijnen, M.H.M. (author), Brauers, K.J.J. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Chemical carcinogens may cause a multitude of effects inside cells, thereby affecting transcript levels of genes by direct activation of transcription factors (TF) or indirectly through the formation of DNA damage. As the temporal profiles of these responses may be profoundly different, examining time-dependent changes may provide new insights...
article 2010
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Rubbens, M.P. (author), Mol, A. (author), Boerboom, R.A. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Baaijens, F.P.T. (author), Bouten, C.V.C. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Tissue-engineered heart valves lack sufficient amounts of functionally organized structures and consequently do not meet in vivo mechanical demands. To optimize tissue architecture and hence improve mechanical properties, various in vitro mechanical conditioning protocols have been proposed, of which intermittent straining is most promising in...
article 2009
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van Riet, E. (author), Everts, B. (author), Retra, K. (author), Phylipsen, M. (author), van Hellemond, J.J. (author), Tielens, A.G.M. (author), van der Kleij, D. (author), Hartgers, F.C. (author), Yazdanbakhsh, M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Background: Recognition of pathogens by dendritic cells (DCs) through interaction with pattern recognition receptors, including Toll like receptors (TLR), is crucial for the initiation of appropriate polarized T helper (Th) cell responses. Yet, the characteristics and differences in molecular profiles of DCs with different T cell polarizing...
article 2009
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Henneman, P. (author), van der Sman-de Beer, F. (author), Moghaddam, P.H. (author), Huijts, P. (author), Stalenhoef, A.F.H. (author), Kastelein, J.J.P. (author), van Duijn, C.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Smelt, A.H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Type III hyperlipoproteinemia (HLP) is mainly found in homozygous apolipoprotein (APO) E2 (R158C) carriers. Genetic factors contributing to the expression of type III HLP were investigated in 113 hyper- and 52 normolipidemic E2/2 subjects, by testing for polymorphisms in APOC3, APOA5, HL (hepatic lipase) and LPL (lipoprotein lipase) genes. In...
article 2009
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Balguid, A. (author), Mol, A. (author), van Marion, M.H. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Bouten, C.V.C. (author), Baaijens, F.P.T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Despite the attractive features of nanofibrous scaffolds for cell attachment in tissue-engineering (TE) applications, impeded cell ingrowth has been reported in electrospun scaffolds. Previous findings have shown that the scaffold can function as a sieve, keeping cells on the scaffold surface, and that cell migration into the scaffold does not...
article 2009
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Kienhuis, A.S. (author), van de Poll, M.C.G. (author), Wortelboer, H. (author), van Herwijnen, M. (author), Gottschalk, R. (author), de Jong, C.H.C. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Paules, R.S. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The frequent use of rodent hepatic in vitro systems in pharmacological and toxicological investigations challenges extrapolation of in vitro results to the situation in vivo and interspecies extrapolation from rodents to humans. The toxicogenomics approach may aid in evaluating relevance of these model systems for human risk assessment by direct...
article 2009
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Boele, L.C.L. (author), Bajramovic, J.J. (author), de Vries, A.M.M.B.C. (author), Voskamp-Visser, I.A.I. (author), Kaman, W.E. (author), van der Kleij, D. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Activation of pattern recognition receptors such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs) by pathogens leads to activation and maturation of dendritic cells (DC), which orchestrate the development of the adaptive immune response. To create an overview of the effects of a broad range of pathogenic bacteria, their capacity to activate TLRs and to affect DC...
article 2009
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Kersten, S. (author), Lichtenstein, L. (author), Steenbergen, E. (author), Mudde, K. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Hesselink, M.K. (author), Schrauwen, P. (author), Müller, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE-: Plasma lipoprotein levels are determined by the balance between lipoprotein production and clearance. Recently, angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) was uncovered as a novel endocrine factor that potently raises plasma triglyceride levels by inhibiting triglyceride clearance. However, very little is known about ANGPTL4 in human....
article 2009
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Kuhlmann, K.F.D. (author), van Geer, M.A. (author), Bakker, C.T. (author), Dekker, J.E.M. (author), Havenga, M.J.E. (author), Oude Elferink, R.P.J. (author), Gouma, D.J. (author), Bosma, P.J. (author), Wesseling, J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Survival of patients with pancreatic cancer is poor. Adenoviral (Ad) gene therapy employing the commonly used serotype 5 reveals limited transduction efficiency due to the low amount of coxsackie-adenovirus receptor on pancreatic cancer cells. To identify fiber-chimeric adenoviruses with improved gene transfer, a library of Ad vectors based on...
article 2009
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Lu, Z.F. (author), Doulabi, B.Z. (author), Huang, C.L. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Helder, M.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
β1 integrins play a controversial role during chondrogenesis. Since the maturation of chondrocytes relies on a signaling switch from cell-cell to cell-matrix interactions, we hypothesized that β1 integrins play a different role at the earlier (mainly cell-cell interaction) from the later stage (mainly cell-matrix interaction) of chondrogenesis....
article 2008
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Schutte, M.E. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Spenkelink, B. (author), Vaessen, J.C.H. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
This study investigates whether the previous observation that quercetin increases the transport of PhIP through Caco-2 monolayers in vitro could be confirmed in an in vivo rat model. Co-administration of 1.45 μmol PhIP/kg bw and 30 μmol quercetin/kg bw significantly increased the blood AUC(0-8 h) of PhIP in rats to 131 ± 14% of the AUC(0-8 h)...
article 2008
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Groux-Degroote, S. (author), van Dijk, S.M. (author), Wolthoorn, J. (author), Neumann, S. (author), Theos, A.C. (author), de Mazière, A.M. (author), Klumperman, J. (author), van Meer, G. (author), Sprong, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Melanosomes are lysosome-related organelles that coexist with lysosomes in mammalian pigment cells. Melanosomal and lysosomal membrane proteins share similar sorting signals in their cytoplasmic tail, raising the question how they are segregated. We show that in control melanocytes, the melanosomal enzymes tyrosinase-related protein 1 (Tyrp1)...
article 2008
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Engelse, M.A. (author), Laurens, N. (author), Verloop, R.E. (author), Koolwijk, P. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The formation of new tubular structures from a quiescent endothelial lining is one of the hallmarks of sprouting angiogenesis. This process can be mimicked in vitro by inducing capillary-like tubular structures in a three-dimensional (3D) fibrin matrix. We aimed to analyze the differential mRNA expression in two phenotypically distinct cell...
article 2008
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Dijkstra, S. (author), Kooij, G. (author), Verbeek, R. (author), van der Pol, S.M.A. (author), Amor, S. (author), Geisert Jr., E.E. (author), Dijkstra, C.D. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), Vries, H.E.D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Leukocyte infiltration is a key step in the development of demyelinating lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS), and molecules mediating leukocyte-endothelial interactions represent prime candidates for the development of therapeutic strategies. Here we studied the effects of blocking the integrin-associated tetraspanin CD81 in in vitro and in vivo...
article 2008
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Price, R.J. (author), Scott, M.P. (author), Giddings, A.M. (author), Walters, D.G. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Meredith, C. (author), Lake, B.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
1. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of four food chemicals, namely butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), curcumin (CC), propyl gallate (PG) and thiabendazole (TB), on cytochrome P450 (CYP) forms in cultured human hepatocytes. 2. Treatment of human hepatocytes for 72 h with 2-200 μM TB produced concentration-dependent...
article 2008
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Plaisier, M. (author), Koolwijk, P. (author), Willems, F. (author), Helmerhorst, F.M. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Proteolysis is essential for decidual development during embryonic implantation, but little is known regarding the expression and functions of membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor uPAR in decidua. Therefore, their protein and mRNA levels were analysed in three first...
article 2008
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Ainola, M. (author), Valleala, H. (author), Nykänen, P. (author), Risteli, J. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Konttinen, Y.T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective. The excellent poster painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec is the most famous patient with cathepsin K-deficient pycnodysostosis. Cathepsin K is believed to play a major role in osteoclast-driven bone resorption. In this study we explored the role of cathepsin K in bone resorption in a patient with a cathepsin K mutation causing...
article 2008
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Santos, A.F. (author), Zaltsman, A.B. (author), Martin, R.C. (author), Kuzmin, A. (author), Alexandrov, Y. (author), Roquemore, E.P. (author), Jessop, R.A. (author), Erck, M.G.M.V. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Angiogenesis is a general term describing formation of new tube-like microvessel sprouts that are the size of capillary blood vessels. Angiogenesis is fundamental in key stages of embryonic development, organ formation, and wound repair and is also involved in the development and progression of a variety of pathological conditions, including...
article 2008
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