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Mestecky, J. (author), Hamilton, R.G. (author), Magnusson, C.G.M. (author), Jefferis, R. (author), Vaerman, J.P. (author), Goodall, M. (author), de Lange, G.G. (author), Moro, I. (author), Aucouturier, P. (author), Radl, J. (author), Cambiaso, C. (author), Silvain, C. (author), Preud'homme, J.L. (author), Kusama, K. (author), Carlone, G.M. (author), Biewenga, J. (author), Kobayashi, K. (author), Skvaril, F. (author), Reimer, C.B. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
51 monoclonal antibodies (McAb) with putative specificity for human IgA, the IgA subclasses, Am allotypes or secretory component (SC) were evaluated for immunoreactivity and specificity by nine laboratories employing immunodiffusion, agglutination, immunohistological assays, immunoblotting and direct binding and competitive inhibition enzyme...
article 1996
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Rompelberg, C.J.M. (author), Evertz, S.J.C.J. (author), Bruijntjes-Rozier, G.C.D.M. (author), van den Heuvel, P.D. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The influence of in vivo treatment with eugenol on established mutagens was studied to determine whether eugenol has antigenotoxic potential. The effects of eugenol in rats was investigated in the unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) assay with established mutagens and the Salmonella typhimurium mutagenicity assay. In addition, the effect of in vitro...
article 1996
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Oudshoorn, M.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Haenen, G.R.M.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author)
The oxidative biotransformation of 1, 2-dichlorobenzene (1, 2-DCB) was investigated using hepatic microsomes from male Wistar, Fischer-344 and Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, phenobarbital (PB)- and isoniazid (ISO) pretreated male Wistar rats and from man. In addition, microsomes from cell lines selectively expressing one cytochrome P450 (P4502E1, 1A1...
article 1996
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Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Venekamp, J.C. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author)
The metabolism of isoprene was investigated with microsomes derived from cell lines expressing human CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, or CYP3A4. The formation of epoxide metabolites was determined by gas chromatographic analysis. CYP2E1 showed the highest rates of formation of the isoprene monoepoxides 3,4-epoxy-3-methyl-1...
article 1996
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Ploemen, J.-P.H.T.M. (author), van Iersel, M.L.P.S. (author), Wormhoudt, L.W. (author), Commandeur, J.N.M. (author), Vermeulen, N.P.E. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author)
The drug disulfiram (DSF, Antabuse®) has been used in the therapy of alcohol abuse. It is a potent inhibitor of aldehyde dehydrogenase. Its reduced form, diethyldithiocarbamate (DDTC), and further metabolites show similar activities. DSF and DDTC have also been widely used to inhibit mixed-function oxidases. In this study, the reversible...
article 1996
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Jong, M.C. (author), van Ree, J.H. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The function of apolipoprotein (apo) C1 in vivo is not clearly defined. Because transgenic mice overexpressing human apoC1 show elevated triacylglycerol (TG) levels, an as yet unknown role for apoC1 in TG metabolism has been suggested. Here we investigated directly the effect of the complete absence of apoC1 on very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL...
article 1997
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Stouten, H. (author), Bessems, J.G.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
As part of a health-hazard survey on the health risk of hospital cleaning workers from exposure to Lyorthol, a hazard assessment of o-benzo-p-chlorophenol, one of the constituents of Lyorthol, has been prepared. In this paper, the physical and chemical characteristics, kinetics and effects of o-benzochlorophenol are described and discussed, and...
article 1998
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de Groot, J. (author), Verzijl, N. (author), Wenting-Van Wijk, M.J.G. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), Tekoppele, J.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut (author)
Objective. Progressive destruction of articular cartilage is a hallmark of osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Age-related changes in cartilage may influence tissue destruction and thus progression of the disease. Therefore, the effect of age-related accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on cartilage...
article 2001
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Missmer, S.A. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Yaun, S.-S. (author), Adami, H.-O. (author), Beeson, W.L. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Fraserf, G.E. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Kushi, L.H. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Potter, J.D. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Speizer, F.E. (author), Toniolo, P. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author)
Background. More than 20 studies have investigated the relation between meat and dairy consumption and breast cancer risk with conflicting results. Our objective was evaluate the risk of breast cancer associated with meat and dairy food consumption and to assess whether non-dietary risk factors modify the relation. Methods. We combined the...
article 2002
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Jacobs, J.J.L. (author), Lehé, C. (author), Cammans, K.D.A. (author), Das, P.K. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author)
We evaluated the potential of human organotypic skin explant cultures (hOSECs) for screening skin irritants. Test chemicals were applied to the epidermis of the skin explants which were incubated for 4, 24 or 48 h in tissue culture medium. A decrease in epidermal RNA staining, visualised in frozen sections using a modified methyl-green pyronine ...
article 2002
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Roza, L. (author), de Vogel, N. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author)
Hydroquinone (HQ) occurs in the environment as a result of manmade processes as well as in natural products from plants and animals. The compound has been reported to produce chromosomal effects in some in vivo and in vitro animal models. However, its potential to produce similar effects in human lymphocytes is less clear. To obtain more...
article 2003
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't Hart, B.A. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), Spijksma, G. (author), Brok, H.P.M. (author), Polman, C. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Primatencentrum TNO (author)
Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy in combination with pattern recognition techniques were used to investigate the composition of organic compounds in urines from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), patients with other neurological diseases (OND) and healthy controls (H). Using a valid animal model of MS, namely the...
article 2003
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Hueber-Becker, F. (author), Nohynek, G.J. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Benech-Kieffer, F. (author), Toutain, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
We investigated the absorption of a commercial [14C]-PPD- containing oxidative dark-shade hair dye in human volunteers as well as in vitro using human or pig ear skin. The hair of eight male volunteers was cut to a standard length, dyed, washed, dried, clipped and collected. Hair, washing water, materials used in the study and a 24-h scalp wash...
article 2004
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de Brabander, H.F. (author), Poelmans, S. (author), Schilt, R. (author), Stephany, R.W. (author), le Bizec, B. (author), Draisci, R. (author), Sterk, S.S. (author), van Ginkel, L.A. (author), Courtheyn, D. (author), van Hoof, N. (author), Macrì, A. (author), de Wasch, K. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The review summarizes current knowledge on the possible illegal use of the anabolic steroid boldenone. The presence of boldenone and metabolites in different animal species and the possibility of the occurrence of endogenous boldenone and metabolites is assessed, as are the methods of analysis used for detection. Different laboratories in the...
article 2004
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van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), Cage, S. (author), Carmichael, P.L. (author), Dick, I. (author), Kenyon, S. (author), Korinth, G. (author), Larese, F. (author), Limasset, J.C. (author), Maas, W.J.M. (author), Montomoli, L. (author), Nielsen, J.B. (author), Payan, J.-P. (author), Robinson, E. (author), Sartorelli, P. (author), Schaller, K.H. (author), Wilkinson, S.C. (author), Williams, F.M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
To obtain better insight into the robustness of in vitro percutaneous absorption methodology, the intra- and inter-laboratory variation in this type of study was investigated in 10 European laboratories. To this purpose, the in vitro absorption of three compounds through human skin (9 laboratories) and rat skin (1 laboratory) was determined. The...
article 2004
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Spaenij-Dekking, E.H.A. (author), Kooy-Winkelaar, E.M.C. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), Drijfhout, J.W. (author), Koning, F. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Background: It is now generally accepted that coeliac disease (CD) is caused by inflammatory T cell responses to gluten peptides bound to HLA-DQ2 or -DQ8 molecules. There is overwhelming evidence that CD patients can mount T cell responses to peptides found in both α-gliadin and γ-gliadin molecules. Assays that would detect the presence or...
article 2004
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van Nieuw Amerongen, G.P. (author), Natarajan, K. (author), Yin, G. (author), Hoefen, R.J. (author), Osawa, M. (author), Haendeler, J. (author), Ridley, A.J. (author), Fujiwara, K. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Berk, B.C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Thrombin mediates changes in endothelial barrier function and increases endothelial permeability. A feature of thrombin-enhanced endothelial hyperpermeability is contraction of endothelial cells (ECs), accompanied by formation of focal adhesions (FAs). Recently, a G protein-coupled receptor kinase-interacting protein, GIT1, was shown to regulate...
article 2004
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Parnham, M.J. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Schrander, F. (author), Schut, M.W. (author), Orešković, K. (author), Mildner, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
PLD-118 is a novel, oral antifungal drug, under development for the treatment of Candida infections. Possible metabolism of PLD-118 by rat, dog and human S9 liver homogenates and inhibition of human cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes were investigated. PLD-118 (10 and 100 μm) incubated for 0-60 min with S9 fractions and NADPH was determined by HPLC,...
article 2005
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Portengen, L. (author), Preller, L. (author), Tielen, M. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Recent studies have reported a low prevalence of atopic sensitization and respiratory allergy in children growing up on farms. Objectives: We sought to evaluate the dose-response relationship between endotoxin and atopic sensitization in adult farmers and to assess the effect on respiratory health outcomes. Methods: Data on endotoxin...
article 2005
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de Jong, R.J. (author), Verwei, M. (author), West, C.E. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Siebelink, E. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Castenmiller, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether milk fortified with folic acid enhances the folate status of humans and whether the presence of folate-binding proteins (FBP) in pasteurised milk affects the bioavailability of folic acid from fortified milk. In untreated and pasteurised milk, folate occurs bound to FBP, while FBP is ...
article 2005
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