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Smits, K.M. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), van Dijk, B.A.C. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), van de Hulsbergen-Kaa, C.A. (author), Kiemeney, L.A.L.M. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Oosterwijk, E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Metabolic gene polymorphisms have previously been suggested as risk factors for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). These polymorphisms are involved in activation or detoxification of carcinogens in cigarette smoke which is another RCC risk factor. We evaluated gene-environment interactions between CYP1A1, GSTμ1 and smoking in a large population-based...
article 2008
document
Gibbs, S. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Merk, H.F. (author), Lockley, D.J. (author), Pendlington, R.U. (author), Pease, C.K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In this review, we discuss and compare studies of xenobiotic metabolism in both human skin and 3D human skin reconstructs. In comparison to the liver, the skin is a less studied organ in terms of characterising metabolic capability. While the skin forms the major protective barrier to environmental chemical exposure, it is also a potential...
article 2007
document
Jeurissen, S.M.F. (author), Punt, A. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Fiamegos, Y.C. (author), Schilter, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Human cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the bioactivation of estragole to its proximate carcinogen 1′-hydroxyestragole were identified and compared to the enzymes of importance for 1′-hydroxylation of the related alkenylbenzenes methyleugenol and safrole. Incubations with Supersomes revealed that all enzymes tested, except P450 2C8, are...
article 2007
document
Jeurissen, S.M.F. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), ter Horst, J.P.F. (author), Awad, H.M. (author), Fiamegos, Y.C. (author), van Beek, T.A. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Sudhölter, E.J.R. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In vitro studies were performed to elucidate the human cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the bioactivation of methyleugenol to its proximate carcinogen 1′-hydroxymethyleugenol. Incubations with Supersomes, expressing individual P450 enzymes to a high level, revealed that P450 1A2, 2A6, 2C9, 2C19, and 2D6 are intrinsically able to 1′...
article 2006
document
Coecke, S. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), Elaut, G. (author), Freeman, S. (author), Freidig, A. (author), Gensmantel, N. (author), Hoet, P. (author), Kapoulas, V.M. (author), Ladstetter, B. (author), Langley, G. (author), Leahy, D. (author), Mannens, G. (author), Meneguz, A. (author), Monshouwer, M. (author), Nemery, B. (author), Pelkonen, O. (author), Pfaller, W. (author), Prieto, P. (author), Proctor, N. (author), Rogiers, V. (author), Rostami-Hodjegan, A. (author), Sabbioni, E. (author), Steiling, W. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2005
document
Jeurissen, S.M.F. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Awad, H.M. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Brand, W. (author), Fiamegos, Y.C. (author), van Beek, T.A. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Sudhölter, E.J.R. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
In the present study, the cytochrome P450 mediated bioactivation of safrole to its proximate carcinogenic metabolite, 1′-hydroxysafrole, has been investigated for the purpose of identifying the human P450 enzymes involved. The 1′-hydroxylation of safrole was characterized in a variety of in vitro test systems, including Supersomes, expressing...
article 2004
document
Roza, L. (author), de Vogel, N. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author)
Hydroquinone (HQ) occurs in the environment as a result of manmade processes as well as in natural products from plants and animals. The compound has been reported to produce chromosomal effects in some in vivo and in vitro animal models. However, its potential to produce similar effects in human lymphocytes is less clear. To obtain more...
article 2003
document
Rompelberg, C.J.M. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), de Vogel, N. (author), Bruijntjes-Rozier, G.C.D.M. (author), Stenhuis, W.H. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
1. In order to study the antigenotoxic potential of eugenol in humans, ten healthy non-smoking males ingested a daily amount of 150 mg eugenol or the placebo for seven consecutive days. After a washout period of one week, groups ingesting eugenol or the placebo were crossed and received the other treatment for seven consecutive days. 2. On days...
article 1996
document
Hissink, A.M. (author), Oudshoorn, M.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Haenen, G.R.M.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author)
The oxidative biotransformation of 1, 2-dichlorobenzene (1, 2-DCB) was investigated using hepatic microsomes from male Wistar, Fischer-344 and Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, phenobarbital (PB)- and isoniazid (ISO) pretreated male Wistar rats and from man. In addition, microsomes from cell lines selectively expressing one cytochrome P450 (P4502E1, 1A1...
article 1996
document
Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Venekamp, J.C. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author)
The metabolism of isoprene was investigated with microsomes derived from cell lines expressing human CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, or CYP3A4. The formation of epoxide metabolites was determined by gas chromatographic analysis. CYP2E1 showed the highest rates of formation of the isoprene monoepoxides 3,4-epoxy-3-methyl-1...
article 1996
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