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Perini, F. (author), Powell, T. (author), Watt, S.J. (author), Downing, P.E. (author)
The brain must interpret sensory input from diverse receptor systems to estimate object properties. Much has been learned about the brain mechanisms behind these processes in vision, but our understanding of haptic perception remains less clear. Here we examined haptic judgments of object size, which require integrating multiple cutaneous and...
article 2020
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Kok, A.C.M. (author), van Kolfshoten, L. (author), Campbell, J.A. (author), von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author), Slabbekoorn, H. (author), Visser, F. (author)
article 2020
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Moné, M.J. (author), Pallocca, G. (author), Escher, S.E. (author), Exner, T. (author), Herzler, M. (author), Hougaard Bennekou, S. (author), Kamp, H. (author), Kroese, E.D. (author), Leist, M. (author), Steger-Hartmann, T. (author), van de Water, B. (author)
In 2016, the European Commission launched the EU-ToxRisk research project to develop and promote animal-free approaches in toxicology. The 36 partners of this consortium used in vitro and in silico methods in the context of case studies (CSs). These CSs included both compounds with a highly defined target (e.g. mitochondrial respiratory chain...
article 2020
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Sewell, F. (author), Strupp, C. (author), van der Laan, J.W. (author), Wolf, D.C. (author), Wolterink, G. (author), Woutersen, R. (author), Zvonar, Z. (author), Heusinkveld, H. (author), Braakhuis, H. (author)
Currently the only methods for non-genotoxic carcinogenic hazard assessment accepted by most regulatory authorities are lifetime carcinogenicity studies. However, these involve the use of large numbers of animals and the relevance of their predictive power and results has been scientifically challenged. With increased availability of innovative...
article 2020
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van Bilsen, J.H.M. (author), Dulos, R. (author), van Stee, M.F. (author), Meima, M.Y. (author), Rouhani Rankouhi, T. (author), Neergaard Jacobsen, L. (author), Staudt Kvistgaard, A. (author), Garthoff, J.A. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Knipping, K. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Meijerink, M. (author), Krishnan, S. (author)
A healthy immune status is strongly conditioned during early life stages. Insights into the molecular drivers of early life immune development and function are prerequisite to identify strategies to enhance immune health. Even though several starting points for targeted immune modulation have been identified and are being developed into...
article 2020
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Offringa, A. (author), Montijn, R. (author), Singh, S. (author), Paul, M. (author), Pinto, Y.M. (author), Pinto-Sietsma, S.J. (author)
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is a healthcare crisis caused by insufficient knowledge applicable to effectively combat the virus. Therefore, different scientific discovery strategies need to be connected, to generate a rational treatment which can be made available as rapidly as possible. This relies on a solid theoretical understanding of the...
article 2020
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Abe, N. (author), Kato, S. (author), Tsuchida, T. (author), Sugimoto, K. (author), Saito, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Oka, K. (author)
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a fast-growing liver disease in the Western world. Currently, only a few animal models show both the metabolic and histological features of human NASH. We aimed to explore murine NASH models in a time dependent manner that exhibit metabolic, histological and transcriptomic hallmarks of human NASH. For this...
article 2019
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Landman, H.M. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Objective: A conceptual model is proposed in order to explain pilot performance in surprising and startling situations. Background: Today’s debate around loss of control following in-flight events and the implementation of upset prevention and recovery training has highlighted the importance of pilots’ ability to deal with unexpected events....
article 2017
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Ly, V. (author), Roijendijk, L.L.M. (author), Hazebroek, H. (author), Tonnaer, C. (author), Hagenaars, M.A. (author)
Freezing is a defensive response to acute stress that is associated with coping and alterations in attentional processing. However, it remains unclear whether individuals in high risk professions, who are skilled at making rapid decisions in emergency situations, show altered threat-induced freezing. Here we investigated the effect of incident...
article 2017
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van Kampen, J. (author), van der Beek, D. (author), Steijn, W. (author), Groeneweg, J. (author), Guldenmund, F. (author)
Background. Organisations spend a considerable amount of time and effort on diagnosing and analysing risks within their organisation. In the area of occupational and process safety, a myriad of employee survey instruments is available. Many studies show that operational processes play an important role in an organisations overall safety. Yet, so...
article 2017
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van Ombergen, A. (author), Lubeck, A.J. (author), van Rompaey, V. (author), Maes, L.K. (author), Stins, J.F. (author), van de Heyning, P.H. (author), Wuyts, F.L. (author), Bos, J.E. (author)
Background: Vestibular patients occasionally report aggravation or triggering of their symptoms by visual stimuli, which is called visual vestibular mismatch (VVM). These patients therefore experience discomfort, disorientation, dizziness and postural unsteadiness. Objective: Firstly, we aimed to get a better insight in the underlying mechanism...
article 2016
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Visser, F. (author), Curé, C. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Tyack, P.L. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author)
Social interactions among animals can influence their response to disturbance. We investigated responses of long-finned pilot whales to killer whale sound playbacks and two anthropogenic sources of disturbance: Tagging effort and naval sonar exposure. The acoustic scene and diving behaviour of tagged individuals were recorded along with the...
article 2016
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van Loon, K. (author), Breteler, M.J.M. (author), van Wolfwinkel, L. (author), Rheineck Leyssius, A.T. (author), Kossen, A.S. (author), Kalkman, C.J. (author), van Zaane, B. (author), Peelen, L.M. (author)
Altered respiratory rate is one of the first symptoms of medical conditions that require timely intervention, e.g., sepsis or opioid-induced respiratory depression. To facilitate continuous respiratory rate monitoring on general hospital wards a contactless, non-invasive, prototype monitor was developed using frequency modulated continuous wave...
article 2016
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Grinberg, M. (author), Stöber, R.M. (author), Edlund, K. (author), Rempel, E. (author), Godoy, P. (author), Reif, R. (author), Widera, A. (author), Madjar, K. (author), Schmidt-Heck, W. (author), Marchan, R. (author), Sachinidis, A. (author), Spitkovsky, D. (author), Hescheler, J. (author), Carmo, H. (author), Arbo, M.D. (author), van de Water, B. (author), Wink, S. (author), Vinken, M. (author), Rogiers, V. (author), Escher, S. (author), Hardy, B. (author), Mitic, D. (author), Myatt, G. (author), Waldmann, T. (author), Mardinoglu, A. (author), Damm, G. (author), Seehofer, D. (author), Nüssler, A. (author), Weiss, T.S. (author), Oberemm, A. (author), Lampen, A. (author), Schaap, M.M. (author), Luijten, M. (author), van Steeg, H. (author), Thasler, W.E. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Leist, M. (author), Rahnenführer, J. (author), Hengstler, J.G. (author)
A long-term goal of numerous research projects is to identify biomarkers for in vitro systems predicting toxicity in vivo. Often, transcriptomics data are used to identify candidates for further evaluation. However, a systematic directory summarizing key features of chemically influenced genes in human hepatocytes is not yet available. To bridge...
article 2014
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Prins, R.G. (author), Pierik, F. (author), Etman, A. (author), Sterkenburg, R.P. (author), Kamphuis, C.B.M. (author), van Lenthe, F.J. (author)
In choosing appropriate buffer sizes to study environmental influences on physical activity, studies are hampered by insufficient insight into the distance elderly travel actively. This study aims at getting insight into the number of trips walked and cycled within various buffer sizes using GPS measures. Data were obtained from the Elderly And...
article 2014
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Eeftens, M. (author), Hoek, G. (author), Gruzieva, O. (author), Mölter, A. (author), Agius, R. (author), Beelen, R. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), Custovic, A. (author), Cyrys, J. (author), Fuertes, E. (author), Heinrich, J. (author), Hoffmann, B. (author), De Hoogh, K. (author), Jedynska, A. (author), Keuken, M. (author), Klümper, C. (author), Kooter, I. (author), Krämer, U. (author), Korek, M. (author), Koppelman, G.H. (author), Kuhlbusch, T.A.J. (author), Simpson, A. (author), Smit, H.A. (author), Tsai, M.Y. (author), Wang, M. (author), Wolf, K. (author), Pershagen, G. (author), Gehring, U. (author)
BACKGROUND: Negative effects of long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) on lung function have been shown repeatedly. Spatial differences in the composition and toxicity of PM may explain differences in observed effect sizes between studies. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter study in 5 European birth cohorts - BAMSE (Sweden), GINIplus and...
article 2014
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Risto, M. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
With specific headway instructions drivers are not able to attain the exact headways as instructed. In this study, the effects of discrete headway feedback (and the direction of headway adjustment) on headway accuracy for drivers carrying out time headway instructions were assessed experimentally. Two groups of each 10 participants (one...
article 2014
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Zimmer, B. (author), Pallocca, G. (author), Dreser, N. (author), Foerster, S. (author), Waldmann, T. (author), Westerhout, J. (author), Julien, S. (author), Krause, K.H. (author), Van Thriel, C. (author), Hengstler, J.G. (author), Sachinidis, A. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Leist, M. (author)
Developmental toxicity in vitro assays have hitherto been established as stand-alone systems, based on a limited number of toxicants. Within the embryonic stem cell-based novel alternative tests project, we developed a test battery framework that allows inclusion of any developmental toxicity assay and that explores the responses of such test...
article 2014
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Vakili, V. (author), Brinkman, W.P. (author), Morina, N. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
In the last two decades, several effective virtual reality-based interventions for anxiety disorders have been developed. Virtual reality interventions can also be used to build resilience to psychopathology for populations at risk of exposure to traumatic experiences and developing mental disorders as a result, such as for people working in...
article 2014
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Geraedts, A.S. (author), Kleiboer, A.M. (author), Wiezer, N.M. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Cuijpers, P. (author)
Background: Depressive disorders are highly prevalent in the working population and are associated with excessive costs for both society and companies. Effective treatment for employees with depressive symptoms in occupational health care is limited. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an...
article 2013
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