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Pronk, A. (author), Loh, M. (author), Kuijpers, E. (author), Albin, M. (author), Selander, J. (author), Godderis, L. (author), Ghosh, M. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Peters, S. (author), Sivesind Mehlum, I. (author), Turner, M. (author), Schlunssen, V. (author), Goldberg, M. (author), Kogevinas, M. (author), Harding, B. (author), Solovieva, S. (author), Garani-Papadatos, T. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), Stierum, R. (author)
Exposures at work have a major impact on noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Current risk reduction policies and strategies are informed by existing scientific evidence, which is limited due to the challenges of studying the complex relationship between exposure at work and outside work and health. We define the working life exposome as all...
article 2022
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Terluin, B. (author), Eekhout, I. (author), Terwee, C.B. (author)
Objectives: The anchor-based minimal important change (MIC), based on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis or predictive modeling, is biased by the proportion of improved patients. The adjusted MIC, published in 2017, adjusts the predictive MIC for this bias but does not take the reliability of the transition ratings (i.e., the...
article 2022
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Kamphorst, B. (author), Rooijakkers, T. (author), Veugen, T. (author), Cellamare, M. (author), Knoors, D. (author)
article 2022
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Klous, L. (author), van Diemen, F. (author), Ruijs, S. (author), Gerrett, N. (author), Daanen, H. (author), de Weerd, M. (author), Veenstra, B. (author), Levels, K. (author)
Purpose: Three feasible cooling methods for treatment of hyperthermic individuals in the military, that differed considerably in water volume needed (none to ~80 L), were evaluated. Methods: Ten male soldiers were cooled following exercise-induced hyperthermia (rectal temperature (Tre) ∼39.5 °C) using ventilation by fanning (1.7 m s−1),...
article 2022
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von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Ketten, D.R. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Muller, R.A.J. (author), Kastelein, R.A. (author)
Application of a kurtosis correction to frequency-weighted sound exposure level (SEL) improved predictions of risk of hearing damage in humans and terrestrial mammals for sound exposures with different degrees of impulsiveness. To assess whether kurtosis corrections may lead to improved predictions for marine mammals, corrections were applied to...
article 2022
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Selberherr, E. (author), Grau, J.H. (author), Meixner, M. (author), Liere, K. (author), Ercolini, D. (author), de Filippo, C. (author), Caderni, G. (author), Brigidi, P. (author), Turroni, S. (author)
The core microbiome, which refers to a set of consistent microbial features across populations, is of major interest in microbiome research and has been addressed by numerous studies. Understanding the core microbiome can help identify elements that lead to dysbiosis, and lead to treatments for microbiome-related health states. However, defining...
article 2022
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Spini, G. (author), Mancini, E. (author), Attema, T. (author), Abspoel, M. (author), de Gier, J. (author), Fehr, S. (author), Veugen, T. (author), van Heesch, M. (author), Worm, D. (author), de Luca, A. (author), Cramer, R. (author), Sloot, P.M.A. (author)
BackgroundHIV treatment prescription is a complex process. Clinical decision support systems (CDSS) are a category of health information technologies that can assist clinicians to choose optimal treatments based on clinical trials and expert knowledge. The usability of some CDSSs for HIV treatment would be significantly improved by using the...
article 2022
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Scholten, B. (author), Portengen, L. (author), Pronk, A. (author), Stierum, R. (author), Downward, G.S. (author), Vlaanderen, J. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author)
Background: Chemical risk assessment can benefit from integrating data across multiple evidence bases, especially in exposure–response curve (ERC) modeling when data across the exposure range are sparse. Methods: We estimated the ERC for benzene and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), by fitting linear and spline-based Bayesian meta-regression models...
article 2022
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Post, R.A.J. (author), Michels, M.A.J. (author), Ampuero, J.P. (author), Candela, T. (author), Fokker, P.A. (author), van Wees, J.D. (author), van der Hofstad, R.W. (author), van den Heuvel, E.R. (author)
The initial footprint of an earthquake can be extended considerably by triggering of clustered aftershocks. Such earthquake–earthquake interactions have been studied extensively for data-rich, stationary natural seismicity. Induced seismicity, however, is intrinsically inhomogeneous in time and space and may have a limited catalog of events;...
article 2021
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Alvarez, C.M. (author), Ligthart, T. (author)
PurposeThis literature review aims to present the current methodologies that have been developed to perform a social life cycle assessment (sLCA) and to display the main differences among them. In addition to that, to identify the nexus between sLCA and circular economy (CE) and to what extent this life cycle technique has been involved within...
article 2021
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Patel, N. (author), Adelman, D.C. (author), Anagnostou, K. (author), Baumert, J.L. (author), Blom, W.M. (author), Campbell, D.E. (author), Chinthrajah, R.S. (author), Mills, E.N.C. (author), Javed, B. (author), Purington, N. (author), Remington, B.C. (author), Sampson, H.A. (author), Smith, A.D. (author), Yarham, R.A.R. (author), Turner, P.J. (author)
Background Eliciting doses (EDs) (eg, ED01 or ED05 values, which are the amounts of allergen expected to cause objective symptoms in 1% and 5% of the population with an allergy, respectively) are increasingly being used to inform allergen labeling and clinical management. These values are generated from food challenge, but the frequency of...
article 2021
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van Bilsen, J.H.M. (author), van den Brink, W. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Dulos, R. (author), Caspers, M.P.M. (author), Kleeman, R. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Verschuren, L. (author)
Metabolic disorders, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes have a large impact on global health, especially in industrialized countries. Tissue-specific chronic low-grade inflammation is a key contributor to complications in metabolic disorders. To support therapeutic approaches to these complications, it is crucial to gain a deeper understanding...
article 2021
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Pieters, R.H.H. (author), van Bilsen, J.H.M. (author)
The thoracic and peritoneal cavities are lined by serous membranes and are home of the serosal immune system. This immune system fuses innate and adaptive immunity, to maintain local homeostasis and repair local tissue damage, and to cooperate closely with the mucosal immune system. Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are found abundantly in the...
article 2021
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Austin, P.C. (author), White, I.R. (author), Lee, D.S. (author), van Buuren, S. (author)
Missing data is a common occurrence in clinical research. Missing data occurs when the value of the variables of interest are not measured or recorded for all subjects in the sample. Common approaches to addressing the presence of missing data include complete-case analyses, in which subjects with missing data are excluded, or mean-value...
article 2021
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Bourgonje, A.R. (author), Offringa, A.K. (author), van Eijk, L.E. (author), Abdulle, A.E. (author), Hillebrands, J.L. (author), van der Voort, P.H.J. (author), van Goor, H. (author), van Hezik, E.J. (author)
Significance: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is one of the three main gasotransmitters that are endogenously produced in humans and are protective against oxidative stress. Recent findings from studies focusing on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), shifted our attention to a...
article 2021
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van Egmond, M.B. (author), Spini, G. (author), van der Galien, O. (author), IJpma, A. (author), Veugen, P.J.M. (author), Kaaij, W. (author), Sangers, A. (author), Rooijakkers, T. (author), Langenkamp, P. (author), Kamphorst, B. (author), van de L'Isle, N. (author), Kooij-Janic, M. (author)
Background: Recent developments in machine learning have shown its potential impact for clinical use such as risk prediction, prognosis, and treatment selection. However, relevant data are often scattered across diferent stakehold ers and their use is regulated, e.g. by GDPR or HIPAA. As a concrete use-case, hospital Erasmus MC and health...
article 2021
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Perini, F. (author), Powell, T. (author), Watt, S.J. (author), Downing, P.E. (author)
The brain must interpret sensory input from diverse receptor systems to estimate object properties. Much has been learned about the brain mechanisms behind these processes in vision, but our understanding of haptic perception remains less clear. Here we examined haptic judgments of object size, which require integrating multiple cutaneous and...
article 2020
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Offringa, A. (author), Montijn, R. (author), Singh, S. (author), Paul, M. (author), Pinto, Y.M. (author), Pinto-Sietsma, S.J. (author)
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is a healthcare crisis caused by insufficient knowledge applicable to effectively combat the virus. Therefore, different scientific discovery strategies need to be connected, to generate a rational treatment which can be made available as rapidly as possible. This relies on a solid theoretical understanding of the...
article 2020
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Moné, M.J. (author), Pallocca, G. (author), Escher, S.E. (author), Exner, T. (author), Herzler, M. (author), Hougaard Bennekou, S. (author), Kamp, H. (author), Kroese, E.D. (author), Leist, M. (author), Steger-Hartmann, T. (author), van de Water, B. (author)
In 2016, the European Commission launched the EU-ToxRisk research project to develop and promote animal-free approaches in toxicology. The 36 partners of this consortium used in vitro and in silico methods in the context of case studies (CSs). These CSs included both compounds with a highly defined target (e.g. mitochondrial respiratory chain...
article 2020
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van Bilsen, J.H.M. (author), Dulos, R. (author), van Stee, M.F. (author), Meima, M.Y. (author), Rouhani Rankouhi, T. (author), Neergaard Jacobsen, L. (author), Staudt Kvistgaard, A. (author), Garthoff, J.A. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Knipping, K. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Meijerink, M. (author), Krishnan, S. (author)
A healthy immune status is strongly conditioned during early life stages. Insights into the molecular drivers of early life immune development and function are prerequisite to identify strategies to enhance immune health. Even though several starting points for targeted immune modulation have been identified and are being developed into...
article 2020
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