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Bakker, G.C.M. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Pellis, L. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Rubingh, C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Low-grade chronic inflammation in overweight subjects is thought to play an important role in disease development. Objective: It was hypothesized that specific dietary components are able to reduce low-grade inflammation as well as metabolic and oxidative stress. Design: Dietary products [resveratrol, green tea extract, α-tocopherol,...
article 2010
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Hamer, H.M. (author), Jonkers, D.M.A.E. (author), Renes, I.B. (author), Vanhoutvin, S.A.L.W. (author), Kodde, A. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Venema, K. (author), Brummer, R.-J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
INTRODUCTION: The colonic mucus layer plays an important role in the protection of the intestinal epithelium and mainly consists of mucin glycoproteins (primarily MUC2 in the colon) trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) and secretory IgA. Butyrate is a major end product of fermentation of dietary fibres and is associated with beneficial effects on colonic...
article 2010
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Hogenkamp, P.S. (author), Mars, M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: An important question in the regulation of energy intake is whether dietary learning of energy content depends on the food's characteristics, such as texture. Texture might affect the duration of sensory exposure and eating rate. Objective: The objective was to investigate whether a long sensory exposure, due to differences in means...
article 2010
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van Peppen, R.P.S. (author), Schuurmans, M.J. (author), Stutterheim, E.C. (author), Lindeman, E. (author), van Meeteren, N.L.U. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To determine the influence of tutor expertise on the uptake of a physiotherapists' educational programme intended to promote the use of outcome measures in the management of patients with stroke. Design: Pilot randomized controlled trial. Methods: Thirty physiotherapists involved in stroke management were randomized into two groups...
article 2009
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van Dommelen, P. (author), Kamphuis, M. (author), van Leerdam, F.J.M. (author), de Wilde, J.A. (author), Rijpstra, A. (author), Campagne, A.E. (author), Verkerk, P.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To assess the short- and long-term effects of 3 simple behavioral interventions to overcome nocturnal enuresis in young children. Study design: We performed a randomized controlled trial in children aged four to five years with mono-symptomatic nocturnal enuresis (n = 570). The children were placed in one of four groups: (1) lifting...
article 2009
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Abdul-Hussien, H. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), Geelkerken, R.H. (author), Lindeman, J.H.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is thought to play a central role in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) initiation. Doxycycline, a tetracycline analogue, has direct MMP-9-inhibiting properties in vitro, and it effectively suppresses AAA development in rodents. Observed inhibition of AAA progression, and contradictory findings in...
article 2009
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Kersten, S. (author), Lichtenstein, L. (author), Steenbergen, E. (author), Mudde, K. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Hesselink, M.K. (author), Schrauwen, P. (author), Müller, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE-: Plasma lipoprotein levels are determined by the balance between lipoprotein production and clearance. Recently, angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) was uncovered as a novel endocrine factor that potently raises plasma triglyceride levels by inhibiting triglyceride clearance. However, very little is known about ANGPTL4 in human....
article 2009
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Vermeulen, M. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.W.A.A. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
The aim of this study was to determine the bioavailability and kinetics of the supposed anticarcinogen sulforaphane, the hydrolysis product of glucoraphanin, from raw and cooked broccoli. Eight men consumed 200 g of crushed broccoli, raw or cooked, with a warm meal in a randomized, free-living, open cross-over trial. Higher amounts of...
article 2008
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van Uffelen, J.G.Z. (author), Chinapaw, M.J.M. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To examine the effects of aerobic exercise or vitamin B supplementation on cognitive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Design: Randomised placebo-controlled trial. Setting: General community. Participants: Community-dwelling adults aged 70-80 with MCI. Interventions : The 152 participants were randomly...
article 2008
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van Uffelen, J.G.Z. (author), Chin A Paw, M.J.M. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: To examine the effect of walking and vitamin B supplementation on quality-of-life (QoL) in community-dwelling adults with mild cognitive impairment. Methods: One year, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Participants were randomized to: (1) twice-weekly, group-based, moderate-intensity walking program (n = 77) or a light...
article 2007
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van Doorn, M. (author), Vogels, J. (author), Tas, A. (author), van Hoogdalem, E.J. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), Cohen, A. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aims: To explore the usefulness of metabolomics as a method to obtain a broad array of biomarkers for the pharmacological effects of rosiglitazone (RSG) in plasma and urine samples from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and healthy volunteers (HVs). Additionally, we explored the differences in metabolite concentrations between T2DM...
article 2007
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van Vliet, T. (author), Jacobs, R.G.J.M. (author), de Deckere, E. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), de Bree, A. (author), van der Put, N.M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To determine the effect of folic acid, vitamin B6 and B12 fortified spreads on the blood concentrations of these vitamins and homocysteine. Design and setting: A 6-week randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel trial carried out in a clinical research center. Subjects: One hundred and fifty healthy volunteers (50% males...
article 2007
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Peeters, K.A.B.M. (author), Nordlee, J.A. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Chen, L. (author), Goodman, R.E. (author), Bruijnzeel-Koomen, C.A.F.M. (author), Hefle, S.L. (author), Taylor, S.L. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Reports of lupine allergy are increasing as its use in food products increases. Lupine allergy might be the consequence of cross-reactivity after sensitization to peanut or other legumes or de novo sensitization. Lupine allergens have not been completely characterized. Objectives: We sought to identify allergens associated with...
article 2007
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Mars, M. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), de Groot, L.C.P.G.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To study the role of ghrelin as a hunger signal during energy restriction and to test the hypothesis that changes in fasting leptin concentrations during energy restriction are associated with changes in fasting ghrelin concentrations. Research Methods and Procedures: Thirty-five healthy, lean men (23 ± 3 years of age; BMI: 22.3 ±1.6...
article 2006
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Lluch, A. (author), Vinoy, S. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), Holst, J.J. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Distension and chemosensitization of the stomach are insufficient to induce a ghrelin response, suggesting that postgastric feedback is required. This postgastric feedback may be regulated through insulin. We investigated the relation between gastric emptying rate and the postprandial ghrelin response as well as the role of insulin and other...
article 2006
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Lluch, A. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Vinoy, S. (author), Holst, J.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The most satiating macronutrient appears to be dietary protein. Few studies have investigated the effects of dietary protein on ghrelin secretion in humans. Objective: This study was designed to investigate whether a high-protein (HP) breakfast is more satiating than a high-carbohydrate breakfast (HC) through suppression of...
article 2006
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Markus, C.R. (author), Jonkman, L.M. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Deutz, N.E.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Brain serotonin function has been implicated in the control of sleep and sleep related memory dysfunctions are attributed to deficient brain serotonin activity. Depletion of the serotonin precursor tryptophan reduces brain serotonin function and is found to cause sleep abnormalities and cognitive decline. We hypothesized that enhancing pre-sleep...
article 2006
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Simons, M. (author), Koerhuis, C.L. (author), Valk, P.J.L. (author), van den Oord, M.H.A.H. (author)
Insufficient daytime sleep may result in reduction of effectiveness and safety during overnight military missions. The usefulness of temazepam and zaleplon to optimize afternoon sleep and their effects on performance and alertness during a subsequent night shift were studied. Method: In a randomized double-blind within-subjects design, 11...
article 2006
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Beulens, J.W.J. (author), van Beers, R.M. (author), Stolk, R.P. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To investigate the effect of moderate alcohol consumption on fat distribution, adipose tissue secreted proteins (adiponectin and resistin), and insulin sensitivity in healthy middle-aged men with abdominal obesity. Research Methods and Procedures: Thirty-four healthy men between 35 and 70 years old, with increased waist circumference ...
article 2006
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Wils, D. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: It is well documented that fermentation of carbohydrates that escape digestion exert several effects supposed to be beneficial for (colonic) health, including an increase in stool volume, a shorter intestinal transit time, production of short chain fatty acids and a decrease of colonic pH (Kritchevsky 1988). NUTRIOSE®FB is a dextrin...
article 2005
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