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Eefting, D. (author), Bot, I. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), Schepers, A. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Biessen, E.A.L. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Inflammatory responses to vascular injury are key events in vein graft disease and accelerated atherosclerosis, which may result in bypass failure. The monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)/CC-chemokine receptor (CCR)-2 pathway is hypothesized to play a central role. A murine model for vein graft disease was used to study the...
article 2009
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Krüse, J. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Salmon, F. (author), Leenheers, L.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As part of a project designed to develop a framework for extrapolating acute central nervous system (CNS) effects of hydrocarbon solvents in animals to humans, experimental studies were conducted in rats and human volunteers in which acute CNS effects were measured and toxicokinetic data were collected. A complex hydrocarbon solvent, white...
article 2007
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de Haan, W. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), Mol, I.M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) agonism has been shown to affect multiple steps in both the synthesis and catabolism of HDL, but its integrated effect on HDL metabolism in vivo remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the net effect of PXR agonism on HDL metabolism in ApoE*3-Leiden (E3L) and E3L.CETP mice, well-established models for...
article 2009
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Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Roberts, A. (author), Korte, H. (author), Unkila, M. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Plant lignan 7-hydromatairesinol, a novel precursor of the mammalian lignan enterolactone was evaluated in a prenatal developmental toxicity study conducted in the Wistar rat. Mated female rats were fed diets containing 0, 0.25, 1, and 4% (w/w) of 7-hydroxymatairesinol in the form of potassium acetate complex (HMRlignan; potassium acetate level...
article 2004
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van Zanden, J.J. (author), Geraets, L. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The objective of this study was to investigate the structural requirements necessary for inhibition of glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) and GS-X pump (MRP1 and MRP2) activity by structurally related flavonoids, in GSTP1-1 transfected MCF7 cells (pMTG5). The results reveal that GSTP1-1 activity in MCF7 pMTG5 cells can be inhibited by some...
article 2004
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Lina, B. (author), Korte, H. (author), Nyman, L. (author), Unkila, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Plant lignan 7-hydroxymatairesinol (7-HMR) is a novel precursor of the mammalian lignan enterolactone. A 13 week toxicity study at dietary levels of 0, 0.25, 1, and 4% (w/w) of potassium acetate complex of 7-HMR (HMRlignan) was conducted in the Wistar rat. These dietary levels resulted in an average daily intake of 160, 640, and 2600 mg...
article 2005
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Koppelman, S.J. (author), Knol, E.F. (author), Vlooswijk, R.A.A. (author), Wensing, M. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), Hefle, S.L. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), Piersma, S. (author)
Background: Peanut allergen Ara h 3 has been the subject of investigation for the last few years. The reported data strongly depend on recombinant Ara h 3, since a purification protocol for Ara h 3 from peanuts was not available. Methods: Peanut allergen Ara h 3 (glycinin), was purified and its posttranslational processing was investigated. Its...
article 2003
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Yuan, X.L. (author), Goosen, C. (author), Kools, H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As a soil fungus, Aspergillus niger can metabolize a wide variety of carbon sources, employing sets of enzymes able to degrade plant-derived polysaccharides. In this study the genome sequence of A. niger strain CBS 513.88 was surveyed, to analyse the gene/enzyme network involved in utilization of the plant storage polymer inulin, and of sucrose,...
article 2006
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Knippels, L.M.J. (author), van Wijk, F. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Purpose of review This review summarizes selected articles on animal models of food allergy published in 2003. The research areas that are covered include mechanistic studies, the search for new therapies, as well as screening models for hazard identification of potential allergens. Recent findings Novel treatment options of both prevention and...
article 2004
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Dobber, R. (author), Tielemans, M. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In the present study we investigated whether age-related changes in the composition and functional properties of murine CD4+ T cells are reflected in vivo by a changed humoral response to influenza vaccine in aged mice. After the primary immunization, the titers of influenza-specific IgM, IgG1, IgG2a, and IgG2b, but not of IgG3 and IgE, were...
article 1995
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Bär, A. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), Jonker, D. (author), de Vogel, N. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Alpha-cyclodextrin glucosyltransferase (α-CGTase, EC 2.4.1.19) is an amylolytic enzyme used for the production of α-cyclodextrin (α-CD), a novel, soluble dietary fiber, from food-grade starch. The safety of an α-CGTase preparation obtained by batch fermentation from a recombinant strain of Escherichia coli K12 harboring the α-CGTase gene from...
article 2004
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Janssen, G.B. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), van Zijverden, M. (author), Spanhaak, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This paper describes studies performed with ERA-63 a low molecular weight pharmaceutical with intended immunomodulatory effects. Since this compound was also known to have estrogenic activity a non-conventional approach was taken in order to differentiate between estrogenic and non-estrogenic-induced immunomodulatory effects. EE was included not...
article 2008
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Treijtel, N. (author), Barendregt, A. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), van Eijkeren, J.C.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
An alternative approach is introduced in determining the in vitro intrinsic clearance of slowly metabolized compounds. The long-term sandwich rat hepatocyte culture was exploited, allowing for sufficient substrate depletion to obtain a reliable clearance estimation; in its physiology, it resembles the in vivo liver, thus allowing in vivo...
article 2004
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Eefting, D. (author), Seghers, L. (author), Grimbergen, J.M. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), de Boer, H.C. (author), Lardenoye, J.W.H.P. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aims Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and plasminogen activator (PA)/plasmin-mediated proteolysis, especially at the cell surface, play important roles in matrix degeneration and smooth muscle cell migration, which largely contributes to vein graft failure. In this study, a novel hybrid protein was designed to inhibit both protease systems...
article 2010
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Verwei, M. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The new EU legislations for chemicals (Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals, REACH) and cosmetics (Seventh Amendment) stimulate the acceptance of in vitro and in silico approaches to test chemicals for their potential to cause reproductive effects. In the current study seven compounds with known in vivo developmental effects...
article 2006
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Arand, M. (author), Hallberg, B.M. (author), Zou, J. (author), Bergfors, T. (author), Oesch, F. (author), van der Werf, M.J. (author), de Bont, J.A.M. (author), Jones, T.A. (author), Mowbray, S.L. (author)
Epoxide hydrolases are essential for the processing of epoxide-containing compounds in detoxification or metabolism. The classic epoxide hydrolases have an α/β hydrolase fold and act via a two-step reaction mechanism including an enzyme-substrate intermediate. We report here the structure of the limonene-1,2-epoxide hydrolase from Rhodococcus...
article 2003
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van der Mei, H.C. (author), van de Belt-Gritter, B. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author), Martinez, B. (author), Busscher, H.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Cell surface hydrophobicity is one of the most important factors controlling adhesion of microorganisms to surfaces. In this paper, cell surface properties of lactobacilli and recombinant lactobacilli with and without a surface layer protein (SLP) associated with cell surface hydrophobicity were determined, including water contact angles, zeta...
article 2003
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Damveld, R.A. (author), Arentshorst, M. (author), Franken, A. (author), van Kuyk, P.A. (author), Klis, F.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In Aspergillus niger, the genes coding for glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase (gfaA) and α-1,3-glucan synthase (agsA) are induced in response to cell wall stress. In silico analysis of the promoter region of the two genes revealed the presence of putative DNA binding sites for transcription factors involved in stress responses,...
article 2005
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Vlaminckx, B.J.M. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), Montijn, R.C. (author), Caspers, M.P.M. (author), Beitsma, M.M. (author), Wannet, W.J.B. (author), Schouls, L.M. (author), Verhoef, J. (author), Jansen, W.T.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Invasive group A streptococcal (GAS) disease reemerged in The Netherlands in the late 1980s. To seek an explanation for this resurgence, the genetic compositions of 22 M1 and 19 M28 GAS strains isolated in The Netherlands between 1960s and the mid-1990s were analyzed by using a mixed-genome DNA microarray. During this four-decade period, M1 and...
article 2007
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Michielse, C.B. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The Aspergillus nidulans amdS selection marker was used for the identification of multicopy T-DNA insertions in Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Asp. awamori. The selection of transformants on agar plates containing acetamide as sole nitrogen source and hygromycin resulted in a six-fold decrease in the transformation frequency, compared...
article 2004
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