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li Piani, T. (author), Weerheijm, J. (author), Peroni, M. (author), Koene, L. (author), Krabbenborg, D. (author), Solomos, G. (author), Sluys, L.J. (author)
This paper presents the results of an experimental research aimed at assessing the material performance of adobe bricks in compression for a wide range of induced strain rates, from statics to high velocity impact. Adobe connotes a traditional masonry whose bricks are made of sundried soil mixtures possibly reinforced with natural fibres and...
article 2020
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other 2020
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van der Burg, L.N. (author), de Groot, A. (author), van Berkel, F. (author), Weeda, M. (author), van der Spek, H. (author), Leeuw, M. (author), van Seggelen, G. (author), Blokdijk, R. (author)
Hydrogen has a crucial role to play in all scenarios for a successful energy transition. The Netherlands is excellently positioned to develop a CO2-neutral hydrogen economy – and to lead the way internationally as a supplier of electrolysers. Where do the growth opportunities for Dutch industry lie and how can we exploit them?
report 2020
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Yu, L. (author)
Stedelijke watereutrofiëring is een wereldwijd probleem dat aanzienlijke maatschappelijke, economische en ecologische schade veroorzaakt. Vermindering van de nutriëntenbelasting is vastgesteld als een doelstelling voor het verminderen van eutrofiëring in natuurlijke en kunstmatige waterlichamen. Effectief waterkwaliteitsbeheer in de stedelijke...
doctoral thesis 2020
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Wehn, U. (author), Montalvo, C. (author)
The urgent need for innovation to address multifaceted and intertwined water-related challenges is becoming increasingly clear, acknowledged and responded to with cumulating sources and amounts of funding. Nevertheless, the water sector has been claimed to be less innovative than other sectors. This Special Volume on the dynamics of water...
article 2018
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Gezici-Koç, Ö. (author), Erich, S.J.F. (author), Huinink, H.P. (author), van der Ven, L.G.J. (author), Adan, O.C.G. (author)
An important reason to apply coatings on wood is to protect wood against moisture. As a result of regulations and ecological concerns, there has been a shift towards waterborne coatings, which make coatings intrinsically more sensitive to water. As a consequence of the higher sensitivity to water, the durability of both wood and coatings can be...
article 2018
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Theelen, M. (author)
An overview of the measurement techniques and results of studies on the stability of copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) solar cells and their individual layers in the presence of atmospheric species is presented: in these studies, Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells, their molybdenum back contact, and their ZnO:Al front contact were exposed to liquid...
article 2016
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Koster, S. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Dutman, A.E. (author), van Stee, L.L.P. (author), Munch Nielsen, L. (author), Ronsmans, S. (author), Noteborn, H. (author), Krul, L. (author)
A main challenge in food safety research is to demonstrate that processing of foodstuffs does not lead to the formation of substances for which the safety upon consumption might be questioned. This is especially so since food is a complex matrix in which the analytical detection of substances, and consequent risk assessment thereof, is difficult...
article 2015
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Theelen, M. (author), Foster, C. (author), Steijvers, H. (author), Barreau, N. (author), Frijters, C. (author), Vroon, Z. (author), Zeman, M. (author)
CIGS solar cells and non-covered molybdenum areas and scribes were exposed to liquid water purged with the atmospheric gases carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), nitrogen (N2) and air in order to investigate their degradation behavior. The samples were analyzed by electrical, compositional and optical measurements before, during and after exposure...
conference paper 2015
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Theelen, M. (author), Foster, C. (author), Steijvers, H. (author), Barreau, N. (author), Vroon, Z. (author), Zeman, M. (author)
CIGS solar cells were exposed to liquid water purged with the atmospheric gases carbon dioxide (CO<inf>2</inf>), oxygen (O<inf>2</inf>), nitrogen (N<inf>2</inf>) and air in order to investigate their chemical degradation behavior. The samples were analyzed by electrical, compositional and optical measurements before, during and after exposure in...
article 2015
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Morales-Hurtado, M. (author), Zeng, X. (author), Gonzalez-Rodriguez, P. (author), ten Elshof, J.E. (author), van der Heide, E. (author)
Research on human skin interactions with healthcare and lifestyle products is a topic continuously attracting scientific studies over the past years. It is possible to evaluate skin mechanical properties based on human or animal experimentation, yet in addition to possible ethical issues, these samples are hard to obtain, expensive and give rise...
article 2015
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van Laarhoven, K.A. (author), Huinink, H.P. (author), Segers, F.J.J. (author), Dijksterhuis, J. (author), Adan, O.C.G. (author)
To prevent indoor fungal growth, understanding the moisture relations of fungi is a key element. Indoor moisture is quantified by the relative humidity (RH). RH controls the water activity of the indoor materials that fungi grow on, a well-studied parameter known to limit fungal growth. RH, however, also controls the amount of water present in...
article 2015
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Theelen, M. (author), Dasgupta, S. (author), Vroon, Z. (author), Kniknie, B. (author), Barreau, N. (author), van Berkum, J. (author), Zeman, M. (author)
Aluminum doped zinc oxide (ZnO:Al) layers were exposed to the atmospheric gases carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), nitrogen (N 2) and air as well as liquid H2O purged with these gases, in order to investigate the chemical degradation behavior of these layers. The samples were analyzed by electrical, compositional and optical measurements before,...
article 2014
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Theelen, M.J. (author), Foster, C. (author), Dasgupta, S. (author), Vroon, Z.A.E.P. (author), Barreau, N. (author), Zeman, M. (author)
Aluminum doped zinc oxide (ZnO:Al) layers were exposed to the atmospheric gases carbondioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), nitrogen (N2) and air as well as liquid H2O purged with these gases, in order to investigate the chemical degradation behavior of these layers. The samples were analyzed by electrical, compositional and optical measurements before,...
conference paper 2014
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Reuvers, N.J.W. (author), Huinink, H.P. (author), Fischer, H.R. (author), Adan, O.C.G. (author)
The migration of ions through a nylon-6 film is studied by MRI. For this study the paramagnetic ions Mn2+ and Cu2+ are used as they act as a contrast agent and are detectable by MRI. The ingress of water and ions in nylon occurs at different rates. First, water is absorbed in the nylon. Second, the ions slowly migrate through the nylon matrix....
article 2014
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Reuvers, N.J.W. (author), Huinink, H.P. (author), Fischer, H.R. (author), Adan, O.C.G. (author)
Nylon 6 films are directly exposed to saline solutions containing mono-valent ions and the water uptake is measured with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Both the amount of water uptake and the rate of water uptake are studied. First, the films are exposed to solutions with different concentrations of NaCl. Later, solutions of salts such as...
article 2013
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van Meel, P.A. (author), Erich, S.J.F. (author), Huinink, H.P. (author), Kopinga, K. (author), DE Jong, J. (author), Adan, O.C.G. (author)
Moisture accumulation inside wood causes favorable conditions for decay. Application of a coating alters the moisture sorption of wood and prevents accumulation of moisture. This paper presents the results of a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study on the influence of a coating on the moisture absorption of wood. NMR allows to determine both...
article 2011
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Primo-Martín, C. (author), van Dalen, G. (author), Meinders, M.B.J. (author), Don, A. (author), Hamer, R.H. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Bread crust crispness is lost when water migrates from crumb to crust during storage. To what extent water migration is influenced by morphology is not known. Therefore, the effect of crispy rolls morphology on crust crispness was studied. Crispy rolls were prepared at three proving volumes: 300 mL (short proving), 500 mL (control) and 800 mL ...
article 2010
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Visser, A. (author), Schaap, J.D. (author), Broers, H.P. (author), Bierkens, M.F.P. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The production of N2 gas by denitrification may lead to the appearance of a gas phase below the water table prohibiting the conservative transport of tracer gases required for groundwater dating. We used a two-phase flow and transport model (STOMP) to study the reliability of 3H/3He, CFCs and SF6 as groundwater age tracers under agricultural...
article 2009
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Rosmuller, N. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
In the Netherlands, the Betuweline is a dedicated freight railway. It will, among other things, be used for transportation of all kinds of hazardous materials from the Port of Rotterdam to the German Hinterland and vice versa. The line is approximately 150 km long. Alongside the line, more than 100 km noise shields have been constructed. The...
article 2009
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