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Rome, E. (author), Bogen, M. (author), Lückerath, D. (author), Ullrich, O. (author), Worst, R. (author), Streberová, E. (author), Dumonteil, M. (author), Mendizabal, M. (author), Abajo, B. (author), Feliu, E. (author), Bosch, P. (author), Connelly, A. (author), Carter, J. (author)
This chapter gives an introduction to risk-based vulnerability assessment of urban infrastructure regarding the consequences of climate change, by describing an approach developed as part of the EU-funded research and innovation project Climate Resilient Cities and Infrastructures. The approach is modular, widely applicable, and supported by a...
bookPart 2019
document
Timmermans, R. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Zeng, L. (author), Wang, L. (author), Bai, J. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
China is suffering from high levels of air pollution due to the large increase of economic activities within recent years in combination with the large number of people living in China's megacities. The main impact on the health of the inhabitants is attributed to the high levels of particulate matter (PM). It is therefore crucial to have...
bookPart 2018
document
Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Hulskotte, J.H.J. (author), Jozwicka, M. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author)
The relative contribution of wear emissions to urban road transport PM10 emissions has steadily grown and reaches more than 50% in many countries. Based on reported emissions by European countries for brake and tire wear and road abrasion, an overview of the emissions for Europe is presented and further analyzed for gaps and consistency. Implied...
bookPart 2018
document
Kranenburg, R. (author), Duyzer, J. (author), Segers, A. (author)
In many industrial regions there is a strong demand for accurate monitoring of the air pollution and its sources. The Rijnmond area around Rotterdam in the Netherlands is an example of an industrial area affected by air pollution through many industrial and traffic activities as well as shipping emissions. In the area the air quality is...
bookPart 2018
document
Bash, J.O. (author), Flechard, C. (author), Adon, M. (author), Cellier, P. (author), Drouet, J.L. (author), Genermont, S. (author), Massad, R.S. (author), Grosz, B. (author), Horvath, L. (author), Sutton, M.A. (author), Theobald, M.R. (author), Kruit, R.W. (author)
The Working Group addressed the current understanding and uncertainties in the processes controlling ammonia (NH3) bi-directional exchange, and in the application of numerical models to describe these processes. As a starting point for the discussion, the Working Group drew on the background document prepared by Flechard et al. (2013)...
bookPart 2015
document
Hettelingh, J.P. (author), Schutze, G. (author), de Vries, W. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Ilyin, I. (author), Reinds, G.J. (author), Slootweg, J. (author), Travnikov, O. (author)
Cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and mercury (Hg) are known to be transported over relatively long distances from their sources. Deposited metals may accumulate over time in soils and catchments, and then follow varying pathways to endpoints in humans and the environment. Cadmium and lead, that are emitted primarily as particulate matter, and mercury in...
bookPart 2015
document
Segers, A.J. (author), Kamphuis, V. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
To study and forecast atmospheric tracer concentrations at ground level, an assimilation system is available around the LOTOS-EUROS model based on the Ensemble Kalman filter technique. For applications focusing on air-quality related to aerosols, the available observation data is usually limited to ground based observations of total PM2.5 or...
bookPart 2014
document
Builtjes, P.J.H. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author)
An attempt has been made by a combination of theory, observations, and especially modeling to determine the concentrations of trace gases and aerosols in the troposphere, without the influence of human beings.
bookPart 2014
document
Curier, L. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Timmermans, R.M.A. (author), Segers, A.J. (author), Eskes, H. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
The NOx-emission trend has been evaluated over Europe using the LOTOS-EUROS model and the NO2 tropospheric columns from OMI.
bookPart 2014
document
Kranenburg, R. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Huibregtse, E. (author), Hendriks, C. (author), Segers, A.J. (author)
Source apportionment/labeling has been inserted in the LOTOS-EUROS model, and tests have been performed to show the impact of different source areas and categories
bookPart 2014
document
Banzhaf, S. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Wichink Kruit, R. (author), Stern, R. (author), Builtjes, P.J.H. (author)
The Chemistry Transport Model (CTM) REM-Calgrid (RCG) has been applied to investigate the non-linear relationship between emission changes and modelled SIA (=SO4 + NO3 + NH4) concentrations for a high PM10 episode in spring 2009. Emissions were reduced for the model domain only and the model domain including Boundary Conditions. It was found...
bookPart 2014
document
Fountoukis, C. (author), Megaritis, A.G. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Charalampidis, P.E. (author), Pilinis, C. (author), Pandis, S.N. (author)
PMCAMx-2008, a detailed three-dimensional chemical transport model, was applied for the first time in Europe to simulate fine organic aerosol concen-trations during the months of May 2008, February 2009, July 2009 and January 2010. The model includes a state-of-the-art organic aerosol module which is based on the volatility basis set framework...
bookPart 2014
document
Wichink Kuit, R.J. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Sauter, F.J. (author), van Zanten, M.C. (author)
Modelling has been performed of the European nitrogen budget, and the effects of including the bi-directional surface-atmosphere exchange of ammonia have been investigated
bookPart 2014
document
Tukker, A. (author)
This chapter reviews initiatives with regard to chemical or feedstock recycling of plastics waste from electrical and electronic products. eurostat estimates the amount of waste from electrical and electronic products that is collected is 2.2 million tonnes. Roughly 20% of this waste consists of plastics. These plastics are difficult to recycle...
bookPart 2012
document
Ploos van Amstel, W. (author)
bookPart 2012
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