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Vonk Noordegraaf, D.M. (author), Bouma, G.M. (author), Larco N., (author), Munzel, K.L. (author), Heezen, M.J.M. (author)
The Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management (IenW) asked TNO to carry out an independent, comparative case study on the governance of Mobility as a Service (MaaS). This has a focus on a comparable scale (i.e. comparable to the Netherlands in terms of geography/ number of inhabitants) through the description and comparison of...
report 2021
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In opdracht van Topsector Logistiek heeft TNO Decamod ontwikkeld. Decamod is een toolbox waarmee kan worden gerekend aan de effecten van CO2 -reductiemaatregelen in de logistiek. Decamod geeft ook inzicht in de CO2 -emissies van het goederenvervoer op Nederlands grondgebied voor de modaliteiten weg, spoor en binnenvaart. TNO gebruikt hiervoor...
other 2021
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Zomer, G.R. (author), Hoesen, M. (author), Zuidwijk, R. (author)
This report addresses the key question of what is the impact of (booking) platforms on the freight forwarding industry. To answer this question, the research has explored the rise of platforms in logistics, the types of platforms that are relevant to the sector, the importance of added value services and the extent to which service providers can...
report 2021
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Schwarz, A.E. (author), Ligthart, T.N. (author), Godoi Bizarro, D.E. (author), de Wild, P.J. (author), Vreugdenhil, B.J. (author), van Harmelen, A.K. (author)
To ensure a circular economy for plastics, insights in the environmental impacts of recycling and optimal recycling choices for specific plastic polymers are crucial. This was obtained by determining the environmental performance of 10 selected recycling technologies with varying TRL levels, using the chemical properties of the top 25 produced...
article 2021
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other 2021
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Fransen, R.W. (author), Tilanus, P.A.J. (author), de Jong, J. (author), Davydenko, I. (author)
The SWARMPORT project modeled the infrastructure and the nautical services chain of the Port of Rotterdam as an Agent-based Simulation Model (ABSM). This ABSM can be used in scenario-wise studies on the effect of alternative behavior of stakeholders in the nautical services chain and its impact on a number of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) of...
report 2021
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Vermeulen, R.J. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author)
Mobiele werktuigen en stationaire bronnen worden hoofdzakelijk door dieselmotoren aangedreven en dragen daardoor bij aan opwarming van de aarde, luchtvervuiling en stikstofdepositie. Over het algemeen is maar heel weinig bekend over de praktijkuitstoot van mobiele werktuigen en stationaire bronnen op bijvoorbeeld bouwplaatsen. Daarnaast is er...
report 2021
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Vermeulen, R.J. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), van Gijlswijk, R.N. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author), Buskermolen, E.G. (author), Verhagen, V.E. (author)
In opdracht van het Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Waterstaat voert TNO het emissiemeetprogramma voor vrachtwagens en bussen uit. In dit programma meet en monitort TNO, op regelmatige basis, de uitlaatgasemissies van deze voertuigen om te onderzoeken hoe schoon ze in de praktijk zijn en wordt onderzocht via een zogenaamde screening of...
report 2021
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Deng, T. (author), Manders-Groot, A.M.M. (author), Segers, A.J. (author), Bai, Y. (author), Lin, H.Q. (author)
Tropospheric ozone is a secondary pollutant which can affect human health and plant growth. In this paper, we investigated transferred convolutional neural network long short-term memory (TL-CNN-LSTM) model to predict ozone concentration. Hourly CNN-LSTM model is used to extract features and predict ozone for next hour, which is superior to...
conference paper 2021
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The maritime sector is facing a major challenge. While a globally growing economy leads to more demand for transport of goods, the goals from the Paris climate agreement and the subsequent agreement in IMO require a 50% reduction of CO2- emissions from maritime transport by 2050. Several parties are working on the development of new fuel types...
report 2021
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van Eijk, E. (author)
De emissies van mobiele werktuigen worden in Nederland ruimtelijk verdeeld om meegenomen te worden in de verspreiding- luchtkwaliteit- en depositiemodellen. Mobiele werktuigen verplaatsen zich door het land en ze worden veelal tijdelijk ingezet op verschillende locaties. In tegenstelling tot vaste installaties, zoals schoorstenen, en wegverkeer...
report 2021
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Koukouli, M.E. (author), Skoulidou, I. (author), Karavias, A. (author), Parcharidis, I. (author), Balis, D. (author), Manders-Groot, A.M.M. (author), Segers, A.J. (author), Eskes, H. (author), van Geffen, J. (author)
The unprecedented order, in modern peaceful times, for a near-total lockdown of the Greek population as a means of protection against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, commonly known as COVID-19, has generated unintentional positive side-effects with respect to the country’s air quality levels. Sentinel-5 Precursor/Tropospheric...
article 2021
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Guevara, M. (author), Jorba, O. (author), Soret, A. (author), Petetin, H. (author), Bowdalo, D. (author), Serradell, K. (author), Tena, C. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Peuch, V.H. (author), Garcia-Pando, C.P. (author)
We quantify the reductions in primary emissions due to the COVID-19 lockdowns in Europe. Our estimates are provided in the form of a dataset of reduction factors varying per country and day that will allow the modelling and identification of the associated impacts upon air quality. The country- and daily-resolved reduction factors are provided...
article 2021
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The objective of Work Package 5 - System design for short sea shipping is to apply the theoretical findings from the previous work packages into practical ship designs and to evaluate these designs with regard to safety, technical and economic feasibility in view of future pilot projects. The market-segment of shipping that is known as “short...
report 2021
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Tirpitz, J.L. (author), Frieß, U. (author), Hendrick, F. (author), Alberti, C. (author), Allaart, M. (author), Apituley, A. (author), Bais, A. (author), Beirle, S. (author), Berkhout, S. (author), Bognar, K. (author), Bösch, T. (author), Bruchkouski, I. (author), Cede, A. (author), Chan, K.L. (author), den Hoed, M. (author), Donner, S. (author), Drosoglou, T. (author), Fayt, C. (author), Friedrich, M.M. (author), Frumau, A. (author), Gast, L. (author), Gielen, C. (author), Gomez-Martín, L. (author), Hao, N. (author), Hensen, A. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Hermans, C. (author), Jin, J. (author), Kreher, K. (author), Kuhn, J. (author), Lampel, J. (author), Li, A. (author), Liu, C. (author), Liu, H. (author), Ma, J. (author), Merlaud, A. (author), Peters, E. (author), Pinardi, G. (author), Piters, A. (author), Platt, U. (author), Puentedura, O. (author), Richter, A. (author), Schmitt, S. (author), Spinei, E. (author), stein Zweers, D. (author), Strong, K. (author), Swart, D. (author), Tack, F. (author), Tiefengraber, M. (author), van der Hoff, R. (author), van Roozendael, M. (author), Vlemmix, T. (author), Vonk, J. (author), Wagner, T. (author), Wang, Y. (author), Wang, Z. (author), Wenig, M. (author), Wiegner, M. (author), Wittrock, F. (author), Xie, P. (author), Xing, C. (author), Xu, J. (author), Yela, M. (author), Zhang, C. (author), Zhao, X. (author)
The second Cabauw Intercomparison of Nitrogen Dioxide measuring Instruments (CINDI-2) took place in Cabauw (the Netherlands) in September 2016 with the aim of assessing the consistency of multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) measurements of tropospheric species (NO2, HCHO, O3, HONO, CHOCHO and O4). This was achieved...
article 2021
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Pileci, R.E. (author), Modini, R.L. (author), Berto, M. (author), Yuan, J. (author), Corbin, J.C. (author), Marinoni, A. (author), Henzing, J.S. (author), Moerman, M.M. (author), Putaud, J.P. (author), Spindler, G. (author), Wehner, B. (author), Muller, T. (author), Tuch, T. (author), Trentini, A. (author), Zamatta, M. (author), Baltensperger, U. (author), Gysel-Beer, (author)
article 2021
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Harmsen, J. (author)
The maritime sector is facing a major challenge. Whilst a globally growing economy leads to greater demand for the transport of goods, the goals from the Paris Climate Agreement and the subsequent agreement of the IMO requires a 50% reduction of CO2-emissions from maritime transport by 2050 compared to the level of 2008. Several stakeholders ...
report 2021
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Modini, R.L. (author), Corbin, J.C. (author), Brem, B.T. (author), Irwin, M. (author), Berto, M. (author), Pileci, R.E. (author), Fetfatzis, P. (author), Eleftheriadis, K. (author), Henzing, J.S. (author), Moerman, M. (author), Liu, F. (author), Muller, T. (author), Gysel-Beer, M. (author)
article 2021
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van Gijlswijk, R.N. (author), de Ruiter, J.M. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Indrajuana, A. (author), Opetnik, M. (author), Matzer, C. (author)
Pollutant emissions from the passenger car fleet in Europe can not only be reduced by the influx of clean new vehicles, but also by reducing the emission levels of existing vehicles. Since for a number of reasons the average fleet emissions do not decrease as fast as envisaged by policy makers, attempting to reduce the emissions from the present...
conference paper 2021
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van Gijlswijk, R.N. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Mellios, G. (author), Samos, Z. (author), Kapetanios, N. (author)
Road transport plays a significant role in climate change and it contributes to poor air quality, especially in densely populated areas. This is a global problem, which also requires regional solutions. Electrification of vehicles is encouraged by the European Commission for this reason. Many countries and regions, like Flanders investigate the...
conference paper 2021
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