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van Gijlswijk, R.N. (author), van Eijk, E. (author), van Kempen, E.A. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Cox, E.P. (author)
Het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving (PBL) heeft de taak om de effecten van het Nationale Klimaatakkoord te evalueren. Een belangrijk deel van de CO2-reducerende maatregelen heeft betrekking op de verduurzaming van het personenwagenpark. Het zuiniger maken van auto’s met verbrandingsmotor en de ingroei van nulemissievoertuigen, waaronder batterij...
report 2018
document
LaCroix, G. (author), Koch, W. (author), Ritter, D. (author), Gutleb, A.C. (author), Larsen, S.T. (author), Loret, T. (author), Zanetti, F. (author), Constant, S. (author), Chortarea, S. (author), Rothen-Rutishauser, B. (author), Hiemstra, P.S. (author), Frejafan, E. (author), Hubert, P. (author), Gribaldo, L. (author), Kearns, P. (author), Aublant, J.M. (author), Diabaté, S. (author), Weiss, C. (author), de Groot, A. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author)
In vitro air–liquid interface (ALI) cell culture models can potentially be used to assess inhalation toxicology endpoints and are usually considered, in terms of relevancy, between classic (i.e., submerged) in vitro models and animal-based models. In some situations that need to be clearly defined, ALI methods may represent a complement or an...
article 2018
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Verbeek, M.M.J.F. (author), van Gijswijk, R. (author), van Zyl, S. (author), van Eijk, E. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Huismans, H. (author), Smokers, R. (author)
report 2018
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Markus, A.A. (author), Krystek, P. (author), Tromp, P.C. (author), Parsons, J.R. (author), Roex, E.W.M. (author), de Voogt, P. (author), Laane, R.W.P.M. (author)
We investigated the occurrence of metal-based nanoparticles in a natural system, the river Dommel in the Netherlands. The river itself is well-studied as far as hydrology and water quality is concerned, easily accessible and contains one major wastewater treatment plant discharging onto this river. We sampled water from various locations along...
article 2018
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Colette, A. (author), Andersson, C. (author), Manders, A. (author), Mar, K. (author), Mircea, M. (author), Pay, M.T. (author), Raffort, V. (author), Tsyro, S. (author), Cuvelier, C. (author), Adani, M. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Bergström, R. (author), Briganti, G. (author), Butler, T. (author), Cappelletti, A. (author), Couvidat, F. (author), d' Isidoro, M. (author), Doumbia, T. (author), Fagerli, H. (author), Granier, C. (author), Heyes, C. (author), Klimont, Z. (author), Ojha, N. (author), Otero, N. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Sindelarova, K. (author), Stegehuis, A.I. (author), Roustan, Y. (author), Vautard, R. (author), van Meijgaard, E. (author), Garcia Vivanco, M. (author), Wind, P. (author)
The EURODELTA-Trends multi-model chemistry-transport experiment has been designed to facilitate a better understanding of the evolution of air pollution and its drivers for the period 1990-2010 in Europe. The main objective of the experiment is to assess the efficiency of air pollutant emissions mitigation measures in improving regional-scale...
article 2017
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Tromp, P.C. (author), Kuijpers, E. (author), Bekker, C. (author), Godderis, L. (author), Lan, Q. (author), Jedynska, A.D. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Pronk, A. (author)
To date there is no consensus about the most appropriate analytical method for measuring carbon nanotubes (CNTs), hampering the assessment and limiting the comparison of data. The goal of this study is to develop an approach for the assessment of the level and nature of inhalable multi-wall CNTs (MWCNTs) in an actual workplace setting by...
article 2017
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Downward, G.S. (author), Hu, W. (author), Rothman, N. (author), Reiss, B. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Wu, G. (author), Wei, F. (author), Xu, J. (author), Seow, W.J. (author), Chapman, R.S. (author), Lan, Q. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author)
Exposure to crystalline silica (quartz) has been implicated as a potential cause of the high lung cancer rates in the neighbouring counties of Xuanwei and Fuyuan, China, where the domestic combustion of locally sourced “smoky” coal (a bituminous coal) is responsible for some of the highest lung cancer rates in the nation, irrespective of gender...
article 2017
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Snelder, M. (author), Wesseling, B. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Hertogh, M.J.C.M. (author)
When infrastructures projects are evaluated, it is not only important to evaluate them with models that represent the average daily situation, but also to evaluate them in case of irregular situations like incidents. This becomes especially relevant when various project alternatives are expected to show significantly different scores in case of...
article 2017
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Fraters, D. (author), Boom, G.J.F.L. (author), Boumans, L.J.M. (author), de Weerd, H. (author), Wolters, M. (author)
The solute concentration in the subsoil beneath the root zone is an important parameter for leaching assessment. Drainage centrifugation is considered a simple and straightforward method of determining soil solution chemistry. Although several studies have been carried out to determine whether this method is robust, hardly any results are...
article 2017
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Gallocchio, F. (author), Biancotto, G. (author), Cibin, V. (author), Losasso, C. (author), Belluco, S. (author), Peters, R. (author), van Bemmel, G. (author), Cascio, C. (author), Weigel, S. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Gobbo, F. (author), Catania, S. (author), Ricci, A. (author)
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are of interest due to their antimicrobial activity and are seen as potential candidates to replace antibiotics in animal husbandry. A few studies have focused on this new application, but they lack any considerations about residual accumulation of AgNPs in edible animal tissues and animal products. In this research,...
article 2017
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Verbeek, R.P. (author)
Data delen, dat is niet iets waar veel schippers voor warmlopen. Maar het kan veel opleveren door bepaalde gegevens van een schip te delen. Wat zijn de beste snel-heden om op welke waterwegen mee te varen? Die informatie kan door data te delen gebrui-kt worden door minder ervaren schippers. Ook kan een motor langer in bedrijf blijven als je er...
article 2017
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Blok, M.M. (author)
Nieuwe tv’s, overzeese groenten en fruit, de kerstspullen of olieproducten: dag in, dag uit komen producten aan in distributiecentra, in winkels en bij klanten. We zijn ons steeds bewuster van de duurzaamheid van deze producten zelf, maar hoe zit dat eigenlijk met het transport? Daar is nog veel te verbeteren. Duurzaamheid.nl sprak met twee...
article 2017
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Vonk Noordegraaf, D.M. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author), Wilmink, I.R. (author)
Mobiliteitsexperts verwachten een groei van het wegverkeer, gekoppeld aan de economische groei, waardoor het verlies van reistijd in 2021 toegenomen zal zijn met 38% ten opzichte van 20151. Sinds eind 2014 nemen de files immers weer toe en de treinen zijn met name in de spits op een aantal trajecten heel vol. Voor de middellange termijn...
other 2017
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Smedes, F. (author), Rusina, T.P. (author), Beeltje, H. (author), Mayer, P. (author)
Polymers are increasingly used for passive sampling of neutral hydrophobic organic substances (HOC) in environmental media including water, air, soil, sediment and even biological tissue. The equilibrium concentration of HOC in the polymer can be measured and then converted into equilibrium concentrations in other (defined) media, which however...
article 2017
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Vivanco, M.G. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Cuvelier, C. (author), Theobald, M.R. (author), Tsyro, S. (author), Pirovano, G. (author), Aulinger, A. (author), Bieser, J. (author), Calori, G. (author), Ciarelli, G. (author), Manders, A. (author), Mircea, M. (author), Aksoyoglu, S. (author), Briganti, G. (author), Cappelletti, A. (author), Colette, A. (author), Couvidat, F. (author), D'Isidoro, M. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Meleux, F. (author), Menut, L. (author), Pay, M.T. (author), Rouïl, L. (author), Silibello, C. (author), Thunis, P. (author), Ung, A. (author)
In the framework of the UNECE Task Force on Measurement and Modelling (TFMM) under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP), the EURODELTAIII project is evaluating how well air quality models are able to reproduce observed pollutant air concentrations and deposition fluxes in Europe. In this paper the sulphur and nitrogen...
article 2017
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Nickel, S. (author), Schröder, W. (author), Wosniok, W. (author), Harmens, H. (author), Frontasyeva, M.V. (author), Alber, R. (author), Aleksiayenak, J. (author), Barandovski, L. (author), Blum, O. (author), Danielsson, H. (author), de Temmermann, L. (author), Dunaev, A.M. (author), Fagerli, H. (author), Godzik, B. (author), Ilyin, I. (author), Jonkers, S. (author), Jeran, Z. (author), Pihl Karlsson, G. (author), Lazo, P. (author), Leblond, S. (author), Liiv, S. (author), Magnússon, S.H. (author), Mankovska, B. (author), Martínez-Abaigar, J. (author), Piispanen, J. (author), Poikolainen, J. (author), Popescu, I.V. (author), Qarri, F. (author), Radnovic, D. (author), Santamaria, J.M. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Skudnik, M. (author), Špirić, Z. (author), Stafilov, T. (author), Steinnes, E. (author), Stihi, C. (author), Suchara, I. (author), Thöni, L. (author), Uggerud, H.T. (author), Zechmeister, H.G. (author)
Objective This study explores the statistical relations between the concentration of nine heavy metals (HM) (arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), vanadium (V), zinc (Zn)), and nitrogen (N) in moss and potential explanatory variables (predictors) which were then used for mapping spatial...
article 2017
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Zarcone, M.C. (author), van Schadewijk, A. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Hiemstra, P.S. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author)
Background: Exacerbations constitute a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Both bacterial infections, such as those with non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi), and exposures to diesel engine emissions are known to contribute to exacerbations in COPD patients....
article 2017
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Broeren, M.L.M. (author), Dellaert, S.N.C. (author), Cok, B. (author), Patel, M.K. (author), Worrell, E. (author), Shen, L. (author)
Sisal fibre can potentially replace glass fibre in natural fibre composites. This study focuses on the environmental performance of sisal fibre production by quantifying the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy use of producing sisal fibre in Tanzania and Brazil using life cycle assessment (LCA), based on region-specific inventory data. The...
article 2017
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Okokon, E.O. (author), Yli-Tuomi, T. (author), Turunen, A.W. (author), Taimisto, P. (author), Pennanen, A. (author), Vouitsis, I. (author), Samaras, Z. (author), Voogt, M. (author), Keuken, M. (author), Lanki, T. (author)
Background: In order to curb traffic-related air pollution and its impact on the physical environment, contemporary city commuters are encouraged to shift from private car use to active or public transport modes. However, personal exposures to particulate matter (PM), black carbon and noise during commuting may be substantial. Therefore, studies...
article 2017
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van Lenthe, F.J. (author), Etman, A. (author), Kamphuis, C.B.M. (author), Prins, R.G. (author), Jansen, M. (author), Cammelbeeck, C. (author), Sterkenburg, R. (author), Pierik, F. (author)
Background: Many older persons prefer to live independent as long as possible. A living environment facilitating physical activity may be important for this purpose, but the design of ‘activity-friendly’ living environments for older persons remains less clear. In a study in Spijkenisse (the Netherlands), characteristics of the living...
article 2017
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