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van der Burg, B. (author), Pieterse, B. (author), Rorije, E. (author), Lewin, G. (author), van der Linden, S.C. (author), Man, H.Y. (author), Piersma, A.H. (author), Mangelsdorf, I. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Kroese, E.D. (author), van Vugt-Lussenburg, B.M.A. (author)
There is a great need for alternative testing methods for reproductive toxicants that are practical, fast, cost-effective and easy to interpret. Previously we followed a pragmatic approach using readily available tests, which was successful in predicting reproductive toxicity of chemicals [13]. This initial battery still contained apical tests...
article 2015
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van der Werf, M.J. (author), Boot, A.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rhodococcus euythropolis DCL14 assimilates all stereoisomers of carveol and dihydrocarveol as sole source of carbon and energy. Induction experiments with carveol- or dihydrocarveol-grown cells showed high oxygen consumption rates with these two compounds and with carvone and dihydrocarvone. (Dihydro)carveol-grown cells of R. erythropolis DCL14...
article 2000
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Kitayama, K. (author), Nakai, D. (author), Kono, K. (author), van der Hoop, A.G. (author), Kurata, H. (author), de Wit, E.C. (author), Cohen, L.H. (author), Inaba, T. (author), Kohama, T. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
1-{7-[(1-(3,5-Diethoxyphenyl)-3-{[(3,5-difluorophenyl)(ethyl)amino]carbo nyl}-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinolin-7-yl)oxy]heptyl}-1-methylpiperidinium bromide, R-146224, is a potent, specific ileum apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) inhibitor; concentrations required for 50% inhibition of [3H]taurocholate uptake in human ASBT-expressing...
article 2006
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Carmany, D. (author), Walz, A.J. (author), Hsu, F.L. (author), Benton, B. (author), Burnett, D. (author), Gibbons, J. (author), Noort, D. (author), Glaros, T. (author), Sekowski, J.W. (author)
Organophosphorus (OP) nerve agents continue to be a threat at home and abroad during the war against terrorism. Human exposure to nerve agents such as VX results in a cascade of toxic effects relative to the exposure level including ocular miosis, excessive secretions, convulsions, seizures, and death. The primary mechanism behind these overt...
article 2017
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Aguirre, M. (author), Ramiro-Garcia, J. (author), Koenen, M.E. (author), Venema, K. (author)
This study investigated the stability and the activity of the microbiota from a single and a pool of donors in the TNO in vitro model of the colon (TIM-2 system). Our findings demonstrate the suitability of the preparation of a pool of fecal sample to be used for fermentation experiments. Chemicals/CAS: isobutyric acid, 5711-69-3, 79-31-2;...
article 2014
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Emmen, H.H. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, W.A.A. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Ravensberg, J.C. (author), Alexander, D.J. (author), Borkhataria, D. (author), Rusch, G.M. (author), Schmit, B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
HFC 134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane) and HFC 227 (1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane) are used to replace chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in refrigerant and aerosol applications, including medical use in metered-dose inhalers. Production and consumption of CFCs are being phased out under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer....
article 2000
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Gvaramia, D. (author), Blaauboer, M.E. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Everts, V. (author)
Fibrosis underlies the pathogenesis of numerous diseases and leads to severe damage of vital body organs and, frequently, to death. Better understanding of the mechanisms resulting in fibrosis is essential for developing appropriate treatment solutions and is therefore of upmost importance. Recent evidence suggests a significant antifibrotic...
article 2013
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Verhoeckx, K.C.M. (author), Korthout, H.A.A.J. (author), van Meeteren-Kreikamp, A.P. (author), Ehlert, K.A. (author), Wang, M. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Rodenburg, R.J.T. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There is a great interest in the pharmacological properties of cannabinoid like compounds that are not linked to the adverse effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), e.g. psychoactive properties. The present paper describes the potential immuno-modulating activity of unheated Cannabis sativa extracts and its main non-psychoactive constituent Δ9...
article 2006
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Emeis, J.J. (author), van den Hoogen, C.M. (author), Gaubius Laboratory IVVO-TNO, P.O. Box 430, 2300 AK Leiden, Netherlands Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
Pharmacological modulation of the in vivo induction of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) synthesis was studied in rats using the induction of PAI-1 by endotoxin as a model system. Both the cyclooxygenase inhibitors acetylsalicylic acid and indomethacin enhanced PAI-1 induction. The combined cyclooxygenase-lipoxygenase inhibitor,...
article 1992
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Kralj, S. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus reuteri strain 121 uses sucrose for synthesis of a unique, soluble glucan ('reuteran') with mainly α-(1→4) glucosidic linkages. The gene (gtfA) encoding this glucansucrase enzyme had previously been characterized. Here, a detailed biochemical and molecular analysis of the GTFA enzyme is presented. This is believed to be the first...
article 2004
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Rubbens, M.P. (author), Mol, A. (author), van Marion, M.H. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Baaijens, F.P.T. (author), Bouten, C.V.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Similar to native cardiovascular tissues, the mechanical properties of engineered cardiovascular constructs depend on the composition and quality of the extracellular matrix, which is a net result of matrix remodeling processes within the tissue. To improve tissue remodeling, and hence tissue mechanical properties, various mechanical...
article 2009
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Pires, N.M.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Daemen, M.J.A.P. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In 2001, the first human study with drug-eluting stents (DES) was published showing a nearly complete abolition of restenosis by using a sirolimus-eluting stent. This success was very encouraging to test new compounds in combination with the DES platform. Nevertheless, several other anti-restenotic compounds have been used in human clinical...
article 2006
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Cocchiarella, L. (author), Mattern, I.E. (author), van Kralingen, C.G. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
article 1980
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End, C. (author), Bikker, F.J. (author), Renner, M. (author), Bergmann, G. (author), Lyer, S. (author), Blaich, S. (author), Hudler, M. (author), Helmke, B. (author), Gassler, N. (author), Autschbach, F. (author), Ligtenberg, A.J.M. (author), Benner, A. (author), Holmskov, U. (author), Schirmacher, P. (author), Nieuw Amerongen, A.V. (author), Rosenstiel, P. (author), Sina, C. (author), Franke, A. (author), Hafner, M. (author), Kioschis, P. (author), Schreiber, S. (author), Poustka, A. (author), Mollenhauer, J. (author)
Deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 (DMBT1) is a secreted glycoprotein displaying a broad bacterial-binding spectrum. Recent functional and genetic studies linked DMBT1 to the suppression of LPS-induced TLR4-mediated NF-kappaB activation and to the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. Here, we aimed at unraveling the molecular basis of its function...
article 2009
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Koster, S. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Dutman, A.E. (author), van Stee, L.L.P. (author), Munch Nielsen, L. (author), Ronsmans, S. (author), Noteborn, H. (author), Krul, L. (author)
A main challenge in food safety research is to demonstrate that processing of foodstuffs does not lead to the formation of substances for which the safety upon consumption might be questioned. This is especially so since food is a complex matrix in which the analytical detection of substances, and consequent risk assessment thereof, is difficult...
article 2015
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Leenheers, L.H. (author), van Breugel, D.C. (author), Ravensberg, J.C. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Jongen, M.J.M. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
An analytical method for the assessment of the exposure of workers to the pesticide propoxur through biological monitoring has been developed. This study was part of a survey of occupational exposure to pesticides used in greenhouses for the growing of ornamental plants. In order to assess the actual absorbed amount of propoxur in the body, an...
article 1992
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Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Kuilman-Wahls, M.E.M. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The embryotoxicity/teratogenicity of neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (NHDC) was examined in Wistar Crl:(WI)WU BR rats. NHDC was fed at dietary concentrations of 0, 1.25, 2.5 or 5 to groups of 28 mated female rats from day 0 to 21 of gestation. At Cesarean section 25, 22, 23, and 23 rats were found to be pregnant in the control, low-, mid-, and...
article 2004
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Renwick, A.B. (author), Watts, P.S. (author), Edwards, R.J. (author), Barton, P.T. (author), Guyonnet, I. (author), Price, R.J. (author), Tredger, J.M. (author), Pelkonen, O. (author), Boobis, A.R. (author), Lake, B.G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
The maintenance of the major hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes has been studied in precision-cut human liver slices cultured for up to 72 h in supplemented RPMI 1640 medium. The relative apoprotein levels of 11 CYP enzymes were determined using a panel of antipeptide antibodes. In addition, 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase, tolbutamide...
article 2000
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Nohynek, G.J. (author), Skare, J.A. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Wehmeyer, K.R. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Dufour, E.K. (author), Fautz, R. (author), Steiling, W. (author), Bramante, M. (author), Toutain, H. (author)
Systemic exposure was measured in humans after hair dyeing with oxidative hair dyes containing 2.0% (A) or 1.0% (B) [14C]-p-phenylenediamine (PPD). Hair was dyed, rinsed, dried, clipped and shaved; blood and urine samples were collected for 48 hours after application. [14C] was measured in all materials, rinsing water, hair, plasma, urine and...
article 2015
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Post, S.M. (author), Groenendijk, M. (author), Solaas, K. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective-Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (cyp7a1) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in conversion of cholesterol to bile acids. To study the relationship between bile acid biosynthesis and triglyceride metabolism, we cross-bred mice lacking cyp7a1 on a hyperlipidemic APOE*3-Leiden background. Methods and Results-Female mice received a chow or...
article 2004
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