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document
Risto, M. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Driving simulators have become an established tool in driver behaviour research by offering a controllable, safe and cost-effective alternative to real world driving. A challenge for using driving simulators as a research tool has been to elicit driving behaviour that equals real world driving. With respect to driver headways few studies have...
article 2014
document
Martens, M.H. (author), Brouwer, R.F.T. (author)
In driver behaviour research there is considerable focus on distraction caused by specific external systems, such as navigation systems or mobile telephones. However, it is not clear whether self-paced actions such as daydreaming have the same negative effects on driving behaviour. In a driving simulator study, the effects of an internal...
article 2013
document
Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
During night-time driving hazardous objects often appear at mesopic light levels, which are typically measured using light meters with a spectral sensitivity that is only valid for photopic light levels. In order to develop suitable mesopic models a target detection experiment was performed in a driving simulator. While subjects drove along a...
article 2006
document
Mulder, M. (author), Pauwelussen, J.J.A. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Mulder, M. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
A haptic gas pedal feedback system is developed that provides car-following information via haptic cues from the gas pedal. During normal car-following situations, the haptic feedback (HF) cues were sufficient to reduce control activity and improve car-following performance. However, in more critical following situations, drivers use the brake...
article 2010
document
Brookhuis, K.A. (author), van Driel, C.J.G. (author), Hof, T. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Hoedemaeker, M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
New driver support systems are developed and introduced to the market at increasing speed. In conditions of traffic congestion drivers may be supported by a" Congestion Assistant", a system that combines the features of a Congestion Warning System (acoustic warning and gas pedal counterforce) and a Stop & Go system (automatic gas and brake pedal...
article 2009
document
Hogema, J.H. (author)
One of the aspects that cause an interactive vehicle simulator to differ from the real system is delay in the visual display. Because of this delay, the person in the simulator receives visual feedback of his control actions slightly later when compared with the real system, which can reduce the task performance. Compensation techniques can be...
article 1997
document
van Driel, C.J.G. (author), Hoedemaeker, D.M. (author), van Arem, B. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
In-vehicle systems that assist the driver with his driving task are developed and introduced to the market at increasing rate. Drivers may be supported during congested traffic conditions by a so-called Congestion Assistant consisting of a mix of informing, assisting and controlling functions. This paper describes the impacts of the Congestion...
article 2007
document
Kappé, B. (author), Veldhuis, G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
bookPart 2006
document
Hogema, J.H. (author), Wewerinke, P.H. (author)
In the design and development of advanced vehicle control systems such as X-by-Wire (XBW), system safety is a crucial aspect. Failures in XBW can easily result in accidents. Therefore, methods and tools are needed to ensure fault-tolerant systems. Quantifying the consequence of an error is far from trivial, since the consequence is determined...
bookPart 2012
document
Hegeman, G. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), Brookhuis, K.A. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This paper describes a driving simulator experiment to test the functioning and acceptance of a standardized overtaking assistant design. On a simulated two-lane road, 24 participants drove 15 min with and without a prototype overtaking assistant The overtaking assistant calculated the available time to perform an overtaking maneuver, taking the...
bookPart 2007
document
Kaptein, N.A. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
The validity of driving simulators for behavioral research is discussed. The concept of validity is introduced and explained, and a survey of validation studies follows, in the TNO driving simulator and others, comparing field and simulator study results. Results for mid-level driving simulators show that generally absolute validity of route...
bookPart 1996
document
Feenstra, P. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), Correia Grácio, B.J. (author), Wentink, M. (author)
The goal of the presented study was to explore how simulator motion cueing affects the driver’s control performance of a car. We looked at steering behavior as a measure of control performance. The experimental task was a slalom maneuver where the car velocity was limited to 70 km/h. Subjective and objective variables were measured. This paper...
conference paper 2010
document
Hoedemaeker, D.M. (author), Hogema, J.H. (author), Pauwelussen, J.J.A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
A simulator study was performed to establish the effects of motorway environment complexity on driver distraction and workload. In this study environment complexity refers to the visual complexity of static objects on or next to the road and in its vicinity (e.g. traffic signs, buildings, advertisements…). It does not include traffic density or...
conference paper 2010
document
Feenstra, P. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Co-operative driving with speed adaptation functionality has great potential to improve traffic-throughput, traffic-safety, and environmental-impact on heavily used traffic-infrastructures. A driving-simulator study was performed to investigate the driver behaviour with respect to such driver-support systems (Zero-, Advisory-, Intervention-, and...
conference paper 2006
document
Hegeman, G. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), Brookhuis, K.A. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
conference paper 2007
document
Hogema, J.H. (author), Wentink, M. (author), Bertollini, G.P. (author)
The use of large displacement yaw cueing is becoming more common as a part of the motion cueing in driving simulators. It is expected that driving behaviour, comfort and realism will be positively affected by adding a yaw table, especially during low-speed turning manoeuvres. We used TNO's advanced motion platform Desdemona to explore the...
conference paper 2012
document
Oudenhuijzen, A.J.K. (author), Tan, T.K. (author), Morsch, F. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
With rising customer expectations, driver comfort will become more and more important for car manufacturers in distinguishing themselves from others. This creates a design challenge, since it is difficult to predict comfort, especially in early design stages. Today, comfort can only be assessed and tested very late during design and construction...
conference paper 2004
document
Rook, A.M. (author), Hogema, J.H. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The effects of human-machine interface (HMI) design for intelligent speed adaptation (ISA) on driving behavior and acceptance were measured in a moving-base research driving simulator. Sixty-four experienced drivers participated in two simulator experiments (32 in each). During the simulated runs with ISA, the speed limit was communicated...
conference paper 2005
document
Hoedemaeker, D.M. (author)
This paper presents an overview of the work of a PhD project performed within the research programme "Technology Assessment Automatic Vehicle Guidance" concerning individual driver behaviour and acceptance of Adaptive Cruise Control [1]. It describes and discusses the results of a questionnaire study and two experimental driving simulator...
conference paper 2000
document
Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author), Hogema, J.H. (author)
Interactive driving simulators with an image generating system have a delay in the feedback of the visual information, which can negatively influence the driver-vehicle system. Recently, a compensation technique for this delay has been developed for the driving simulator of the TNO Institute for Perception. In this report, an experiment is...
report 1993
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