Searched for:
(1 - 20 of 40)

Pages

document
Lupker, H.A. (author), TNO Industrie (author)
Both tyre wear and road polishing are complex phenomenon, which are obviously strongly related; the energy that polishes the road is the energy that wears the tyre. The both depend non-linearly on numerous parameters, like materials used, vehicle and road usage, environmental conditions (i.e. temperature) and many others. Based on these...
article 2003
document
TNO Technische Menskunde (author), Vos, J. (author)
In a laboratory study, the annoyance caused by the passby sounds from a magnetic levitation (maglev) train was investigated. The listeners were presented with various sound fragments. The task of the listeners was to respond after each presentation to the question: "How annoying would you find the sound in the preceding period if you were...
article 2004
document
Borst, H.C. (author), Miedema, H.M.E. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
In this paper, the following four indicators describing noise annoyance in a community are considered: the percentage of people being highly annoyed (pHA), annoyed (pA), (at least) little annoyed (p LA), and the mean of the expected individual annoyance scores (m EA) in the population concerned. These indicators are calculated for a study...
article 2005
document
Rook, A.M. (author), Hogema, J.H. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The effects of human-machine interface (HMI) design for intelligent speed adaptation (ISA) on driving behavior and acceptance were measured in a moving-base research driving simulator. Sixty-four experienced drivers participated in two simulator experiments (32 in each). During the simulated runs with ISA, the speed limit was communicated...
conference paper 2005
document
Dittrich, M.G. (author), van Beek, P.J.G. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Road traffic noise is one of the major environmental noise sources that is known to cause health problems. Despite existing noise reception items, the continuing growth of traffic causes higher levels than the lims allow. Consequently, excessive costs are incurred for noise barriers along roads and motorways. It's therefore essential to...
conference paper 2006
document
van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), de Ridder, S. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This paper describes the results of a driving simulator study that focused on the influence of roadside infrastructure on speed choice and lateral placement of car drivers. A review of the RISER detailed accident database revealed that lateral positioning and speed of the vehicle were two of the primary factors leading to crashes. The driving...
bookPart 2007
document
Defrance, J. (author), Salomons, E. (author), Noordhoek, I. (author), Heimann, D. (author), Plovsing, B. (author), Watts, G. (author), Jonasson, H. (author), Xuetao, Z. (author), Premat, E. (author), Schmich, I. (author), Aballea, F. (author), Baulac, M. (author), de Roo, F. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The Harmonoise reference model has been developed in order to predict long-term average sound levels in road and railway situations that are geometrically relatively simple but physically complex. The present paper describes all steps of calculations with this powerful model which includes several advanced numerical propagation methods to...
article 2007
document
Sijs, J. (author), Papp, Z. (author), van den Bosch, P.P.J. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Knowing the position and speed of the vehicles on the road network in real-time is one of the major challenges that vehicle control and traffic management applications are facing. Wireless sensor networks received significant attention in the last decade and successful research put them in the forefront to answer this challenge. Wireless sensor...
conference paper 2008
document
Mahmod, M.M. (author), van Arem, B. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Local habitability is coming under increasing pressure from harmful traffic emissions. This emission is strongly correlated to the characteristics and dynamics of traffic: type of vehicle, speed, acceleration and deceleration. This paper investigates the use of integrated road-vehicle systems for environmental objectives. It defines a new...
conference paper 2008
document
Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Appelman, W. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Large-scale use of leaded gasoline was an important source of the neurotoxin lead in the European environment. After a sequence of regulations on the allowed gasoline lead content and, eventually, a ban on the use of lead additives in gasoline, road transport was no longer considered a source of atmospheric lead. Currently a discrepancy exists...
article 2009
document
Landucci, G. (author), Molag, M. (author), Reinders, J. (author), Cozzani, V. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Two large-scale diesel pool fire engulfment tests were carried out on LPG tanks protected with intumescing materials to test the effectiveness of thermal coatings in the prevention of hot BLEVE accidental scenarios in the road and rail transport of LPG. A specific test protocol was defined to enhance reproducibility of experimental tests. The...
article 2009
document
Kalognomou, E.-A. (author), Mellios, G. (author), Moussiopoulos, N. (author), Larssen, S. (author), Samaras, Z. (author), van den Hout, D. (author), de Leeuw, F. (author), Kukkonen, J. (author), Fiala, J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The introduction of local scale analysis in Integrated Assessment Modelling (IAM) requires an evaluation of road transport emission factors and local scale air quality models. The comparison of PM10 and PM2.5 over NOx delta (street level minus background) concentration ratios against emission ratio estimates, confirms the appropriateness of the...
article 2009
document
Malone, K.M. (author), Versteegt, H.H. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
This paper investigates the effects of dynamic road marking on the Ring around Amsterdam. This Ring is congested during most of the day, but especially during the peak periods in the morning and evening rush hours. The goal is to determine what (traffic) effects, if any, can be found by applying Dynamic Road Marking during the morning rush hours...
conference paper 2009
document
Keuken, M. (author), van der Denier Gon, H. (author), van der Valk, K. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
From research on PM<sub>2.5</sub> and PM<sub>10</sub> in 2007/2008 in the Netherlands, it was concluded that the coarse fraction (PM<sub>2.5-10</sub>) attributed 60% and 50% respectively, to the urban-regional and street-urban increments of PM<sub>10</sub>. Contrary to Scandinavian and Mediterranean countries which exhibit significant seasonal...
article 2010
document
van Gompel, P.H.C. (author), Koornneef, G.P. (author)
Two major trends can be identified for powertrain control in the next decade. The legislation will more and more focus on in-use emissions. Together with the global trend to reduce the CO 2 emissions, this will lead to an integral drive train approach. To develop and validate this integral drive train approach, the need for a new chapter in...
conference paper 2010
document
van der Eerden, F.J.M. (author), Graafland, F. (author), Wessels, P.W. (author), Basten, T.G.H. (author)
A model based monitoring system is applied on a local scale in an urban area to obtain a better understanding of the traffic noise situation. The system consists of a scalable sensor network and an engineering model. A better understanding is needed to take appropriate and cost efficient measures, especially when changes to the local...
conference paper 2013
document
Toet, A. (author), Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author)
In this study we investigated the effectiveness of high power illuminators that are intended to be used as warning devices or non-lethal weapons to deny car drivers their view on the outside world through windscreens. The test is based on a measurement of the amount of veiling glare resulting when a high intensity light source hits a windscreen....
conference paper 2013
document
Risto, M. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Driving simulators have become an established tool in driver behaviour research by offering a controllable, safe and cost-effective alternative to real world driving. A challenge for using driving simulators as a research tool has been to elicit driving behaviour that equals real world driving. With respect to driver headways few studies have...
article 2014
document
Karanasiou, A. (author), Amato, F. (author), Moreno, T. (author), Lumbreras, J. (author), Borge, R. (author), Linares, C. (author), Boldo, E. (author), Alastuey, A. (author), Querol, X. (author)
Although previous studies report on the effect of street washing on ambient particulate matter levels, there is a lack of studies investigating the results of street washing on the emission strength of road dust. A sampling campaign was conducted in Madrid urban area during July 2009 where road dust samples were collected in two sites, namely...
article 2014
document
Netten, B. (author), Passchier, I. (author), Wedemeijer, H. (author), Bours, R. (author)
Cooperative systems require the presence of multiple cooperative ITS stations to be effective and able to cooperate. Testing a single cooperative vehicle or road side unit will require a large number of other cooperative vehicles. Equipping additional test vehicles is expensive on hardware, drivers, and test facilities. It is also time consuming...
conference paper 2014
Searched for:
(1 - 20 of 40)

Pages