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Stroeve, J.H.M. (author), Saccenti, E. (author), Bouwman, J. (author), Dane, A. (author), Strassburg, K. (author), Vervoort, J. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), Astrup, A. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author)
Objective: Aim is to predict successful weight loss by metabolic signatures at baseline and to identify which differences in metabolic status may underlie variations in weight loss success. Methods: In DiOGenes, a randomized, controlled trial, weight loss was induced using a low calorie diet (800 kcal) for 8-weeks. Men (N5236) and women (N5431)...
article 2016
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van Avesaat, M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Ripken, D. (author), Peters, J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Masclee, A.A.M. (author)
Background: Taste receptors are expressed not only in taste buds but also in the gastrointestinal tract. It has been hypothesized that these receptors may play a role in satiety and food intake. Objective: This study investigated the effect of intraduodenal tastant infusions (bitter, sweet, and umami) on food intake, hunger and fullness,...
article 2015
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Mesens, N. (author), Crawfordb, A.D. (author), Menke, A. (author), Hung, P.D. (author), van Goethem, F. (author), Nuyts, R. (author), Hansen, E. (author), Wolterbeek, A. (author), van Gompel, J. (author), de Witte, P. (author), Esguerra, C.V. (author)
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is poorly predicted by single-cell-based assays, probably because of the lack of physiological interactions with other cells within the liver. An intact whole liver system such as one present in zebrafish larvae could provide added value in a screening strategy for DILI; however, the possible occurrence of other...
article 2015
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Boere-Boonekamp, M.M. (author), L'Hoir, M.P. (author), Beltman, M. (author), Bruil, J. (author), Dijkstra, N. (author), Engelberts, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective. Description of unhealthy behaviour and views regarding nutrition, physical exercise and education in families with young children, in relation to specific groups with a high risk of overweight. Design. Cross-sectional study. Method. In wellbaby clinics for infants and toddlers in various sites in the Netherlands 534 parents were...
article 2008
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Martens, M. (author), van Assema, P. (author), Paulussen, T. (author), Schaalma, H. (author), Brug, J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The aim of this study was to examine the fidelity and completeness of the implementation of a school-based healthful diet promotion programme called 'Krachtvoer' (we use the Dutch title of the programme throughout this article. A possible translation is Power Food, but this does not reflect the play on words in the Dutch title), aimed at lower...
article 2006
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Mittag, D. (author), Akkerdaas, J. (author), Ballmer-Weber, B.K. (author), Vogel, L. (author), Wensing, M. (author), Becker, W.M. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), Helbling, A. (author), Hefle, S.L. (author), van Ree, R. (author), Vieths, S. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
We recently described patients with soybean allergy mainly mediated by cross-reactivity to birch pollen allergens. A majority of those patients were reported to have peanut allergy. We sought to study the occurrence of peanut allergy in patients allergic to birch pollen and characterized the Bet v 1-homologous peanut allergen Ara h 8....
article 2004
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Proper, K.I. (author), Hildebrandt, V.H. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author), Twisk, J.W.R. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author)
Background: Physical inactivity and obesity are major public health problems. Our objective was to investigate the effectiveness of an individual counseling intervention at the workplace on physical activity fitness and health. Counseling content derived from the Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise and Nutrition (PACE)...
article 2003
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Proper, K.I. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author), Hildebrandt, V.H. (author), Twisk, J.W.R. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author)
Background: An individual's current status of physical activity and nutrition and readiness to change can be determined using PACE assessment forms. Practitioners have suggested that feedback on the fitness and health components can produce a change in a subject's awareness of their behaviour and thereby lead to a beneficial change in stage of...
article 2003
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van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Botterweck, A.A.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: Many case-control studies have reported that salt and cured meat intake are positively, and refrigerator use is inversely, associated with stomach cancer risk. In the current prospective study these associations were evaluated. Methods: The Netherlands Cohort Study consisted of 120,852 men and women ages 55-69 years at baseline in...
article 2003
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Sierksma, A. (author), van der Gaag, M.S. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: To evaluate the effect of moderate alcohol consumption on the acute phase proteins C-reactive protein and fibrinogen. Design: Randomized, diet-controlled, cross-over study. Setting: The study was performed at TNO Nutrition and Food Research, Zeist, The Netherlands. Subjects: Ten middle-aged men and 10 postmenopausal women, all...
article 2002
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Emmen, H.H. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, W.A.A. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Ravensberg, J.C. (author), Alexander, D.J. (author), Borkhataria, D. (author), Rusch, G.M. (author), Schmit, B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
HFC 134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane) and HFC 227 (1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane) are used to replace chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in refrigerant and aerosol applications, including medical use in metered-dose inhalers. Production and consumption of CFCs are being phased out under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer....
article 2000
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Muijs, T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a product rich in transgalactooligosaccharides (TOS, Elix'or) stimulates true Ca absorption in postmenopausal women. The study was a double-blind, randomized crossover study, consisting of two 9-d treatment periods separated by a 19-d washout period. During the treatment periods, 12 subjects drank...
article 2000
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Kampman, E. (author), Voskuil, D.W. (author), van Kraats, A.A. (author), Balder, H.F. (author), van Muijen, G.N.P. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
K-ras gene mutations (codons 12 and 13) were determined by PCR-based mutant allele-specific amplification (MASA) in tumour tissue of 185 colon cancer patients: 36% harboured mutations, of which 82% were located in codon 12. High intakes of animal protein, calcium and poultry were differently associated with codon 12 and 13 mutations: odds ratios...
article 2000
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van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Yaun, S-S. (author), Adami, H-O. (author), Beeson, L. (author), Folsom, A.R. (author), Fraser, G. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Kushi, L. (author), Marshall, J.R. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rohan, T. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), Speizer, F.E. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The association between anthropometric indices and the risk of breast cancer was analyzed using pooled data from seven prospective cohort studies. Together, these cohorts comprise 337,819 women and 4,385 incident invasive breast cancer cases. In multivariate analyses controlling for reproductive, dietary, and other risk factors, the pooled...
article 2000
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Braakhuis, B.J.M. (author), Welters, M.J.P. (author), Cloos, J. (author), Pankras, J.E. (author), Smeets, S.J. (author), Fichtinger-Schepman, A.-M.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of the present study was to investigate how normal head and neck epithelial cells (NHNEC) respond to cisplatin compared to their neoplastic counterparts with respect to intracellular platinum (Pt) levels and growth inhibition. A colorimetric assay was used to assess growth inhibition after exposure to cisplatin for 72 h. Growth...
article 1999
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Voskuil, D.W. (author), Kampman, E. (author), van Kraats, A.A. (author), Balder, H.F. (author), van Muijen, G.N.P. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Epidemiological studies have suggested that dietary factors may differently affect p53-dependent and p53-independent pathways to colon cancer. Results of such studies may depend on the method used to assess p53 status. This case-control study of 185 colon-cancer cases and 259 controls examines this relation, using both immunohistochemistry and...
article 1999
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Bruder, M.C. (author), Spanhaak, S. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Michielsen, C.P.P.C. (author), Vos, J.G. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In order to study the intestinal mucosal immune cells, with emphasis on single T lymphocytcs, an inventory was made of single and organized lymphocytes in the epithelium and lamina propria of the small intestines of untreated Wistar, Fischer 344, and Lewis rats. The single and organized lymphocytes were examined microscopically. In addition, the...
article 1999
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Whittaker, M.H. (author), Frankos, V.H. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Plant stanol esters are intended for use as an ingredient in food to reduce the absorption of cholesterol from the gastrointestinal tract. Consumption of plant stanol esters has a demonstrated diet-derived public health benefit, as shown by numerous clinical studies. Plant stanol esters are ring-saturated analogs of common dietary sterols that...
article 1999
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Turnbull, D. (author), Whittaker, M.H. (author), Frankos, V.H. (author), Jonker, D. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Plant sterols and their saturated derivatives, known as stanols, reduce serum cholesterol when consumed in amounts of approximately 2 g per day. Stanol fatty acid esters have been developed as a highly fat-soluble form that may lower cholesterol more effectively than stanols. Stanol esters occur naturally in human diets, but at levels far below...
article 1999
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Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Wijnands, M.V.W. (author), Richold, M. (author), Hepburn, P.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Phytosterol esters (PE) are intended for use as a novel food ingredient with plasma cholesterol lowering activity which works by inhibiting the absorption of cholesterol from the gut. Although PE are naturally present in the normal diet, the levels are insufficiently large to ensure lowering of plasma cholesterol levels. Therefore PE may be...
article 1999
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