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document
van Wijk, F. (author), Wehrens, E.J.M. (author), Nierkens, S. (author), Boon, L. (author), Kasran, A. (author), Pieters, R. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a critical role in the maintenance of self-tolerance and it has been suggested that these Tregs may also be involved in preventing allergic disease. Objective: The precise role of CD4+CD25+ T cells in the regulation of allergic responses to mucosal antigens remains to be...
article 2007
document
Nohynek, G.J. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Lawrence, R.S. (author), Shapiro, S. (author), Schulte, S. (author), Steiling, W. (author), Bausch, J. (author), Gerber, E. (author), Sasa, H. (author), Nau, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Vitamin A is widely used in cosmetic preparations. Given that oral Vitamin A and its metabolites present a potential reproductive risk, the present study investigated the effect of topical Vitamin A on human endogenous plasma levels of Vitamin A and its metabolites. Methods: Two groups of 14 female volunteers of child-bearing age...
article 2006
document
Prinsen, M.K. (author), Gouko, N. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
In Japan there is growing concern about the possible adverse effects of consumption of food from styrene containers (mainly those made from polystyrene paper) due to the alleged oestrogenic activity of styrene oligomers (dimers and trimers), which may migrate into the food. To examine the possible oestrogenic activity of styrene dimers and...
article 2001
document
van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Muijs, T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a product rich in transgalactooligosaccharides (TOS, Elix'or) stimulates true Ca absorption in postmenopausal women. The study was a double-blind, randomized crossover study, consisting of two 9-d treatment periods separated by a 19-d washout period. During the treatment periods, 12 subjects drank...
article 2000
document
Clary, J.J. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), van Velthuijsen, J.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactate eaters have an oral LD50 greater than 2000 mg/kg and the inhalation LC50 is generally above 5000 mg/m3 and they may be potential eye and skin irritants, but not skin sensitizers. No evidence of teratogenicity or maternal toxicity was observed in an inhalation (2-ethylhexyl-L-lactate) or dermal study (ethyl-L-lactate). Subacute inhalation...
article 1998
document
de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Bär, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of 14C-labeled γ-cyclodextrin ([14C]γ-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In experiment 1, [14C]γ-CD (25 μCi, 600 mg/kg body wt) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In experiment 2, [14C]γ- CD (25 μCi, 1000 mg/kg body wt)...
article 1998
document
Mannaerts, B.M.J.L. (author), Geurts, T.B.P. (author), Odink, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The objective of this study was to compare the bioavailability of s.c. and i.m. administration of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG; Pregnyl®). In a randomized, single centre, three-way cross-over study, 18 healthy pituitary-suppressed volunteers were assigned to single HCG injections of 5000 and 10000 IU i.m. and 10000 IU s.c. Rate (C(max), t...
article 1998
document
van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Muys, T. (author), Pellegrom, H. (author), Bruyntjes, J.P. (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), Spanhaak, S. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Iron absorption can be measured by the incorporation of stable iron isotopes into erythrocytes, 14 days after isotope administration. The disadvantage of this method is the high dose of isotopes needed to obtain a sufficient enrichment. Therefore, in this study cell fractions rich in young erythroid cells were prepared by using a density...
article 1998
document
Stouten, H. (author), Bessems, J.G.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
As part of a health-hazard survey on the health risk of hospital cleaning workers from exposure to Lyorthol, a hazard assessment of o-benzo-p-chlorophenol, one of the constituents of Lyorthol, has been prepared. In this paper, the physical and chemical characteristics, kinetics and effects of o-benzochlorophenol are described and discussed, and...
article 1998
document
Maassen, C.B.M. (author), van Holten, J.C.A.M. (author), Balk, F. (author), Heijne den Bak-Glashouwer, M.J. (author), Leer, R. (author), Laman, J.D. (author), Boersma, W.J.A. (author), Claassen, E. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In mice, strain dependent cytokine production profiles are induced after oral administration of Lactobacillus. Such a cytokine profile seems to determine the direction and efficacy of the humoral response. In SJL mice lactobacilli are able to enhance or inhibit the development of disease after induction of experimental autoimmune...
article 1998
document
Brussaard, J.H. (author), Hulshof, K.F.A.M. (author), Löwik, M.R.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
To estimate the effect of possible goitre prophylactic measures on the intake of iodine among population groups, simulation studies, based on the first Dutch National Food Consumption Survey, were carried out. Iodine intake figures and prevalence of low intakes were calculated after fictively iodizing either bread, a combination of industrial...
article 1995
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