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van Dokkum, W. (author), Wezendonk, B. (author), Srikumar, T.S. (author), van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To study the effect of the intake of 15 g nondigestible oligosaccharides per day on various parameters of large-bowel function, as well as on blood lipid concentrations and glucose absorption in man. Design: Latin square, randomized, double-blind, diet-controlled. Setting: Metabolic research unit. Subjects: Twelve apparently healthy...
article 1999
document
van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Muijs, T. (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Animal studies have indicated that calcium absorption is increased by lactulose, a synthetic disaccharide. Therefore, the influence of lactulose on calcium absorption was measured in postmenopausal women who may benefit from the possible enhancing effect of lactulose on calcium absorption. Twelve postmenopausal women drank 100 ml of water...
article 1999
document
van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Muys, T. (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background: In rats, nondigestible oligosaccharides stimulate calcium absorption. Recently, this effect was also found in human subjects. Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate whether consumption of 15 g oligofructose/d stimulates calcium absorption in male adolescents. Design: Twelve healthy, male adolescents aged 14-16 y...
article 1999
document
Srikumar, T.S. (author), Wezendonk, B. (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In the present pilot study, for investigating the physiological effects of different types of nondigestible oligosaccharides, we have validated the application of methodologies for the analysis of bile acids and neutral steroids in feces of human subjects. The accuracy of the extraction and chromatographic procedures for the analyses of bile...
article 1998
document
Schaafsma, G. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), Bouley, C. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To investigate in adult male volunteers the effect of a new fermented milk product, fermented by Lactobacillus acidophilus and with fructo-oligosaccharides added, on blood lipids. Design: Randomized placebo-controlled double-blind two-way cross over trial with two treatment periods of three weeks, separated by a wash-out period of one...
article 1998
document
van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Muys, T. (author), Pellegrom, H. (author), Bruyntjes, J.P. (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), Spanhaak, S. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Iron absorption can be measured by the incorporation of stable iron isotopes into erythrocytes, 14 days after isotope administration. The disadvantage of this method is the high dose of isotopes needed to obtain a sufficient enrichment. Therefore, in this study cell fractions rich in young erythroid cells were prepared by using a density...
article 1998
document
van Dokkum, W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
It is known to all nutritionists and food scientists that the presentation of papers at (inter)national meetings is not always optimal. In this paper on effective lecturing some very practical advice is presented on how to entertain the audience scientifically. With the prerequisite of a clear scientific message, the basic elements for an...
article 1995
document
Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author), Torre H.W.van der, (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Wedel, M. (author), Ockhuizen, T. (author)
After a 5-week period of low selenium intake, twenty-four Dutch men received 55, 135 or 215 ug Se/d as Se-rich meat or bread for a 9-week period. Four unsupplemented subjects served as controls. Plasma Se increased more rapidly than erythrocyte Se levels; the increases were significantly dependent (P < 0.001) on Se intake level. Glutathione...
article 1991
document
van Dokkum, W. (author), Schrijver, J. (author), Wesstra, J.A. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The biological variability of the values of various biochemical indices used for the assessment of the nutritional status of man was investigated in 4 healthy male volunteers (mean age 23 years). They were given a constant diet for 60 d, with the nutrient intake at the level of the Dutch recommendations. Blood was collected twice a week and 24-h...
article 1990
document
Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), Wesstra, A. (author), Luyken, R. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author)
Twelve young men were given for periods of 20 d, each of three mixed diets, namely a low-protein (LP) diet (9% total energy as protein, 67% of animal origin), a high-animal-protein (HA) diet (16% total energy as protein, 67% of animal origin) and a high-vegetable-protein (HV) diet (16% total energy as protein, 67% of vegetable origin). Retention...
article 1986
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