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van Noort, J.M. (author), Bsibsi, M. (author), Gerritsen, W.H. (author), van der Valk, P. (author), Bajramovic, J.J. (author), Steinman, L. (author), Amor, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We present the first comparative analysis of serum immunoglobulinG reactivity profiles against the full spectrum of human myelin-associated proteins in multiple sclerosis patients and healthy control subjects. In both groups, serum antibodies display a consistent and prominent reaction to αB-crystallin (CRYAB) versus other myelin proteins. As an...
article 2010
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Zaadstra, B.M. (author), Chorus, A.M.J. (author), van Buuren, S. (author), Kalsbeek, H. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), DenV KvL (author)
Previous studies have suggested an association between multiple sclerosis (MS) and infectious mononucleosis (IM) but data on the exact strength of this association or its selectivity have been conflicting. In this study we have evaluated the association between MS and a variety of common childhood infections and afflictions in a large population...
article 2008
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Dijkstra, S. (author), Kooij, G. (author), Verbeek, R. (author), van der Pol, S.M.A. (author), Amor, S. (author), Geisert Jr., E.E. (author), Dijkstra, C.D. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), Vries, H.E.D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Leukocyte infiltration is a key step in the development of demyelinating lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS), and molecules mediating leukocyte-endothelial interactions represent prime candidates for the development of therapeutic strategies. Here we studied the effects of blocking the integrin-associated tetraspanin CD81 in in vitro and in vivo...
article 2008
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Fabriek, B.O. (author), Møller, H.J. (author), Vloet, R.P.M. (author), van Winsen, L.M. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Teunissen, C.E. (author), Uitdehaag, B.M.J. (author), van den Berg, T.K. (author), Dijkstra, C.D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The scavenger receptor CD163 is selectively expressed on tissue macrophages and human monocytes. CD163 has been implicated to play a role in the clearance of hemoglobin and in the regulation of cytokine production by macrophages. Membrane CD163 can be cleaved by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) resulting in soluble CD163 (sCD163). In the present...
article 2007
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Ousman, S.S. (author), Tomooka, B.H. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), Wawrousek, E.F. (author), O'Conner, K. (author), Hafler, D.A. (author), Sobel, R.A. (author), Robinson, W.H. (author), Steinman, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
αB-crystallin (CRYAB) is the most abundant gene transcript present in early active multiple sclerosis lesions, whereas such transcripts are absent in normal brain tissue. This crystallin has anti-apoptotic and neuroprotective functions. CRYAB is the major target of CD4+ T-cell immunity to the myelin sheath from multiple sclerosis brain. The...
article 2007
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Verbeek, R. (author), van der Mark, K. (author), Wawrousek, E.F. (author), Plomp, A.C. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Tolerance induction to prevent activation of a naïve T-cell repertoire has been well documented in rodents and can be readily achieved by intravenous, oral or intranasal administration of antigen in the absence of adjuvants. In autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) the presence of an established memory/effector T-cell repertoire...
article 2007
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van Noort, J.M. (author), Verbeek, R. (author), Meilof, J.F. (author), Polman, C.H. (author), Amor, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Human T-cell responses to the stress protein alpha B-crystallin in multiple sclerosis (MS)-affected brain samples are dominant when compared to other myelin antigens. The establishment of the apparent autoimmune repertoire against this antigen has been suggested to involve cross-priming during viral infection. Yet, another possibility would be...
article 2006
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Andries, F. (author), Kremer, A.M. (author), Hoogendoorn, W.E. (author), Wevers, C.W.J. (author), van Putten, D.J. (author)
The Work and Handicap Questionnaire (WHQ) was developed to improve the vocational perspectives of patients with a chronic disorder. The WHQ differs from similar instruments in its explicit linkage between disabilities in daily life and job demands. This is an important feature, which allows for the development of specific strategies to counter...
article 2004
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'T Hart, B.A. (author), Vogels, J. (author), Bauer, J. (author), Brok, H.P.M. (author), Blezer, E. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Early recognition of whether a product has potential as a new therapy for treating multiple sclerosis (MS) relies upon the quality of the animal models used in the preclinical trials. The promising effects of new treatments in rodent models of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) have rarely been reproduced in patients suffering from...
article 2004
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Killestein, J. (author), Hoogervorst, E.L.J. (author), Reif, M. (author), Blauw, B. (author), Smits, M. (author), Uitdehaag, B.M.J. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), Polman, C.H. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Cannabinoids can modulate the function of immune cells. We here present the first human in vivo study measuring immune function in 16 MS patients treated with oral cannabinoids. A modest increase of TNF-α in LPS-stimulated whole blood was found during cannabis plant-extract treatment (p=0.037), with no change in other cytokines. In the subgroup...
article 2003
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't Hart, B.A. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), Spijksma, G. (author), Brok, H.P.M. (author), Polman, C. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Primatencentrum TNO (author)
Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy in combination with pattern recognition techniques were used to investigate the composition of organic compounds in urines from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), patients with other neurological diseases (OND) and healthy controls (H). Using a valid animal model of MS, namely the...
article 2003
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Bsibsi, M. (author), Ravid, R. (author), Gveric, D. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author)
The family of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) plays a key role in controlling innate immune responses to a wide variety of pathogen-associated molecules. In this study we investigated expression of TLRs in vitro by purified human microglia, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes, and in vivo by immunohistochemical examination of brain and spinal cord...
article 2002
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Boxel van-Dezaire, A.H.H. (author), Smits, M. (author), Trigt van-Hoff, S.C.J. (author), Killestein, J. (author), Houwelingen, J.C van (author), Polman, C.H (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Little is known about the involvement of cytokines in the pathogenesis of primary progressive (PP) multiple sclerosis (MS). We evaluated in this cross-sectional study whether IL-18, IL-12p35, IL-12p40, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-10, IL-4, TGF-β, IL-12Rβ1, and IL-12Rβ2 mRNA expression in unstimulated white blood cells showed significant differences between...
article 2001
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Çelet, B. (author), Akman-Demir, G. (author), Serdaroǧlu, P. (author), Yentür, S.P. (author), Taşci, B. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), Eraksoy, M. (author), Saruhan-Direskeneli, G. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
αB-Crystallin, a small heat shock protein, is an immuno-dominant antigen with increased tissue expression in demyelination. To investigate the humoral response against αB-crystallin, the sera and CSF samples of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), neuro-Behçet's disease (NBD) and other non-inflammatory...
article 2000
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Bajramović, J.J. (author), Plomp, A.C. (author), van der Goes, A. (author), Koevoets, C. (author), Newcombe, J. (author), Cuzner, M.L. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author)
In the development of multiple sclerosis (MS), (re)activation of infiltrating T cells by myelin-derived Ags is considered to be a crucial step. Previously, αB-crystallin has been shown to be an important myelin Ag to human T cells. Since αB-crystallin is an intracellular heat shock protein, the question arises at what stage, if any, during...
article 2000
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van Noort, J.M. (author), Bajramovic, J.J. (author), Plomp, A.C. (author), van Stipdonk, M.J.B. (author)
Several findings indicate that infectious events play a role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). At the same time, T-cell autoimmunity to myelin antigens is widely believed to be crucial to the development of MS lesions. Several mechanisms have been put forward to explain the presumed link between microbial infections and myelin...
article 2000
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van Boxel-Dezaire, A.H.H. (author), Hoff, S.C.J. (author), van Oosten, B.W. (author), Verweij, C.L. (author), Dräger, A.M. (author), Adèr, H.J. (author), van Houwelingen, J.C. (author), Barkhof, F. (author), Polman, C.H. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
It has been shown that proinflammatory and antiinflammatory cytokines correlate with disease activity in multiple sclerosis (MS). To establish whether such correlations depend on the disease stage, we assessed in a longitudinal fashion the expression of interleukin (IL)-12 (p40 and p35), tumor necrosis factor- 1/4 , interferon-γ, and IL-10 mRNA...
article 1999
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Maassen, C.B.M. (author), Laman, J.D. (author), Heijne den Bak-Glashouwer, M.J. (author), Tielen, F.J. (author), van Holten-Neelen, J.C.P.A. (author), Hoogteijling, L. (author), Antonissen, C. (author), Leer, R.J. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author), Boersma, W.J.A. (author), Shaw, D.M. (author)
Lactobacillus strains possess properties that make them attractive candidates as vehicles for oral administration of therapeutics. In this report we describe the construction and analysis of recombinant Lactobacillus casei applicable in oral vaccination against an infectious disease (tetanus) and in oral tolerance induction for intervention in...
article 1999
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Feltkamp, T.E.W. (author), Aarden, L.A. (author), Lucas, C.J. (author), Verweij, C.L. (author), de Vries, R.R.P. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In most autoimmune diseases multigenic factors play a significant role in pathogenesis. Progress in identifying these genetic factors, many of which are located outside the major histocompatibility complex, was the subject of a recent meeting. Chemicals/CAS: Interleukin-10, 130068-27-8; Transforming Growth Factor beta; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
article 1999
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TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author), Howard, L.M. (author), Miga, A.J. (author), Vanderlugt, C.L. (author), Dal Canto, M.C. (author), Laman, J.D. (author), Noelle, R.J. (author), Miller, S.D. (author)
Relapsing experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (R-EAE) in the SJL mouse is a Th1-mediated autoimmune demyelinating disease model for human multiple sclerosis and is characterized by infiltration of the central nervous system (CNS) by Th1 cells and macrophages. Disease relapses are mediated by T cells specific for endogenous myelin epitopes...
article 1999
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