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van Gijlswijk, R.N. (author), de Ruiter, J.M. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Indrajuana, A. (author), Opetnik, M. (author), Matzer, C. (author)
Pollutant emissions from the passenger car fleet in Europe can not only be reduced by the influx of clean new vehicles, but also by reducing the emission levels of existing vehicles. Since for a number of reasons the average fleet emissions do not decrease as fast as envisaged by policy makers, attempting to reduce the emissions from the present...
conference paper 2021
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van Gijlswijk, R.N. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Mellios, G. (author), Samos, Z. (author), Kapetanios, N. (author)
Road transport plays a significant role in climate change and it contributes to poor air quality, especially in densely populated areas. This is a global problem, which also requires regional solutions. Electrification of vehicles is encouraged by the European Commission for this reason. Many countries and regions, like Flanders investigate the...
conference paper 2021
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Verbeek, R.P. (author), Smyth, T. (author), Deakin, A. (author), Proud, R. (author), Kousias, N. (author), Irjala, M. (author), Weisheit, J. (author), Oeffner, J. (author), Schneider, V. (author), Snee, D. (author), van Heesen, D. (author), Verhagen, V.E. (author), Moldanova, J. (author), Fridell, E. (author), Rostedt, A. (author), Keskinen, J. (author), Karjalainen, P. (author), Stylogiannis, A. (author), Haedrich, L. (author), Ntziachristos, V. (author), Ntziachristos, L. (author)
Exhaust emissions of maritime vessels are becoming increasingly important due to their contribution to air pollutant concentration on land, especially in port areas. For this reason, Emission Control Areas (ECA) were introduced in Europe to reduce SOx emissions. This has been expanded to more stringent NOx regulations for new vessels in 2021....
conference paper 2021
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Ligterink, N.E. (author), Vojtisek, M. (author), Stelwagen, U. (author), van Goethem, S. (author)
conference paper 2021
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Vaskelainen, T. (author), Munzel, K.L. (author), Boon, W. (author), Frenken, K. (author)
article 2021
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van Kempen, E.A. (author)
report 2021
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Ligterink, N.E. (author), van Eijk, E. (author), Holmes, G.C. (author)
This memorandum provides an estimate of the environmental impact of setting emission criteria for the use of mobile machines in public tenders by Dutch governmental organisations and when granting construction permits. It is also indicated here which additional environmental effect can be achieved if the emissions are monitored and enforced by...
report 2021
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van Kempen, E.A. (author), de Ruiter, J.M. (author), Souman, J.J. (author), van Ark, E.J. (author), Deschie, N. (author), Oudenes, L. (author), van Horst, A.R.A. (author), Janssen, R. (author)
Introduction: increased automation logistics starting with ADAS systems Digitization and automation are progressing fast in transport and logistics. Technological advancement is driving the level of automation and autonomy of vehicles, moving from driver-assisted technologies (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems; ADAS) to autonomous transport...
report 2021
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Blanco-Martinez, J. (author), Guo, X. (author), van Leeuwen, S. (author), Snets, J. (author), Tromp, S. (author), Woltering, E. (author), Bhoraskar, A. (author), Zomer, G.R. (author), Hoenderken, P. (author)
Food supply is one of the main challenges our global society faces, and supply chain innovation is expected to contribute to a secure, efficient and sustainable food supply. The Netherlands plays a significant role in the global food supply system. In supply chains of fresh and perishable food products even minor disruptions in storage/transport...
report 2021
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Nadi, A. (author), Sharma, S. (author), Snelder, M. (author), Bakri, T. (author), van Lint, H. (author), Tavasszy, L.A. (author)
article 2021
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Grasman, A. (author), Veldhuis, C. (author), Seykens, X.L.J. (author), Bekdemir, C. (author), Verschuren, R.M.A.F. (author), Mans, K. (author), Doosje, E. (author), Harmsen, J. (author)
Met de op 19 juli 2019 gepubliceerde Green Deal Zeevaart, Binnenvaart en Havens (C-230) is invulling gegeven aan de belofte in het Regeerakkoord van het Kabinet Rutte III om de verduurzaming van de zeevaart en de binnenvaart een impuls te geven. Als onderdeel binnen deze Green Deal is er vanuit de Rijksoverheid financiering beschikbaar gesteld ...
report 2021
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van Rijn, J.A.M. (author), de Bes-van Staalduinen, J. (author), Moeke, D. (author), Kin, B. (author), Eijkelkamp, W. (author), Plomp, M. (author), Lintsen, C. (author)
De komende jaren komt de Nederlandse gezondheidszorg verder onder druk te staan. Dit wordt veroorzaakt door een reeks van elkaar versterkende uitdagingen. De belangrijkste uitdaging is de stijging van de zorgkosten. Deze stijging wordt voor een belangrijk deel veroorzaakt door de (toenemende) vergrijzing.
other 2021
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Ligterink, N.E. (author), Cuelenaere, R.F.A. (author)
De Autobelastingen zijn niet alleen een bron van inkomsten voor de schatkist; ze worden ook ingezet om de milieugevolgen van het wegverkeer terug te dringen. Ze hebben eraan bijgedragen dat Nederland jarenlang koploper was in de verkoop van schone en zuinige nieuwe auto’s. De potentiële vergroening van het Nederlands wagenpark is echter deels...
other 2021
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Fransen, R.W. (author), Tilanus, P.A.J. (author), de Jong, J. (author), Davydenko, I. (author)
The SWARMPORT project modeled the infrastructure and the nautical services chain of the Port of Rotterdam as an Agent-based Simulation Model (ABSM). This ABSM can be used in scenario-wise studies on the effect of alternative behavior of stakeholders in the nautical services chain and its impact on a number of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) of...
report 2021
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Vermeulen, R.J. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), van Gijlswijk, R.N. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author), Buskermolen, E.G. (author), Verhagen, V.E. (author)
In opdracht van het Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Waterstaat voert TNO het emissiemeetprogramma voor vrachtwagens en bussen uit. In dit programma meet en monitort TNO, op regelmatige basis, de uitlaatgasemissies van deze voertuigen om te onderzoeken hoe schoon ze in de praktijk zijn en wordt onderzocht via een zogenaamde screening of...
report 2021
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Vermeulen, R.J. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author)
Mobiele werktuigen en stationaire bronnen worden hoofdzakelijk door dieselmotoren aangedreven en dragen daardoor bij aan opwarming van de aarde, luchtvervuiling en stikstofdepositie. Over het algemeen is maar heel weinig bekend over de praktijkuitstoot van mobiele werktuigen en stationaire bronnen op bijvoorbeeld bouwplaatsen. Daarnaast is er...
report 2021
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van Eijk, E. (author)
De emissies van mobiele werktuigen worden in Nederland ruimtelijk verdeeld om meegenomen te worden in de verspreiding- luchtkwaliteit- en depositiemodellen. Mobiele werktuigen verplaatsen zich door het land en ze worden veelal tijdelijk ingezet op verschillende locaties. In tegenstelling tot vaste installaties, zoals schoorstenen, en wegverkeer...
report 2021
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other 2021
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Vonk Noordegraaf, D.M. (author), Bouma, G.M. (author), Larco N., (author), Munzel, K.L. (author), Heezen, M.J.M. (author)
The Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management (IenW) asked TNO to carry out an independent, comparative case study on the governance of Mobility as a Service (MaaS). This has a focus on a comparable scale (i.e. comparable to the Netherlands in terms of geography/ number of inhabitants) through the description and comparison of...
report 2021
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The maritime sector is facing a major challenge. While a globally growing economy leads to more demand for transport of goods, the goals from the Paris climate agreement and the subsequent agreement in IMO require a 50% reduction of CO2- emissions from maritime transport by 2050. Several parties are working on the development of new fuel types...
report 2021
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