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Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author)
doctoral thesis 1990
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Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
This article gives an overview of the parameters influencing the conspicuity of warning lights. In general, higher light intensities are more conspicuous. A flashing light is better than a continuous light. Flashing frequencies of about 10 Hz are perceived as unpleasant, and below 1 Hz the light has no warning character. Frequencies between 2...
article 1996
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Hekstra, A.C. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
The paper describes parts of a survey on the market supply expectations in the field of mobility products for elderly over the next 10 years. It focuses on the expected developments with respect to: travel information for private and public transport ; driver support systems for private transport by car ; developments in vehicle design. It is...
conference paper 1998
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TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author), Hendriksen, P. (author), Riemersma, I.J. (author), Rijkeboer, R.C. (author), Rondel, M. (author), Schmal, D. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author)
In Task 2 of the MATADOR-project1 measurement methods have been developed for the evaluation of the energy consumption and emissions of vehicles with advanced propulsion systems, such as battery-electric, hybrid-electric and fuel cell vehicles. Based on an inventory of existing and prospective standard test procedures and of technology-specific...
report 2000
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TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author), Hendriksen, P. (author), Riemersma, I.J. (author), Rijkeboer, R.C. (author), Rondel, M. (author), Schmal, D. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author)
report 2000
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Lupker, H.A. (author), TNO Industrie (author)
Both tyre wear and road polishing are complex phenomenon, which are obviously strongly related; the energy that polishes the road is the energy that wears the tyre. The both depend non-linearly on numerous parameters, like materials used, vehicle and road usage, environmental conditions (i.e. temperature) and many others. Based on these...
article 2003
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Wismans, J.S.H.M. (author), Happee, R. (author), van Dommelen, J.A.W. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Computational human body models are widely used for automotive crashsafety research and design and as such have significantly contributed to a reduction of traffic injuries and fatalities. Currently crash simulations are mainly performed using models based on crash-dummies. However crash dummies differ significantly from the real human body and...
conference paper 2005
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Windhouwer, C.J. (author), Klunder, G.A. (author), Sanders, F.M. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
The Decision Support System (DSS) Emergency Planning is designed for use in the event of sea or river flooding. It makes accessible all the information related to the decision whether to evacuate an area. An important factor in this decision is the time required for the evacuation. The model used by the DSS Emergency Planning system to estimate...
conference paper 2005
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Immers, L.H. (author), Stada, J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
article 2006
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Ploeg, J. (author), Gietelink, O.J. (author), Verburg, D.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This paper presents a cooperative longitudinal control system for a cluster of vehicles using an environment sensor (radar) and vehicle-to-vehicle communication. The controller computes a desired acceleration that is realized by a lower-level control loop to obtain a smooth and safe traffic flow in a string of vehicles. State information from...
conference paper 2006
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van Arem, B. (author), Muizelaar, T.J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The field of advanced traveler information systems (ATIS) has seen many improvements in the past years. These systems are developed to allow drivers or travelers to make better travel choices about travel time reduction or route choice. If such a system is to be generally accepted by drivers, it is necessary to know drivers’ preferences for...
article 2006
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Jordans, M. (author), Verweij, C.A. (author), Eijkelenburg, P.L.C. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Jaarlijks wordt in Nederland circa 8 miljoen ton asfalt verwerkt, zowel voor het onderhoud van bestaande als de bouw van nieuwe wegen. De aan- en afvoer van dit asfalt gebeurt vrijwel geheel over de weg, en jaarlijks worden hier ruim 300.000 vrachtwagens voor ingezet. Daarnaast moet bij onderhoudswerkzaamheden het gefreesde asfalt worden...
article 2006
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Lupker, H. (author), Lemmen, P. (author), Ploeg, J. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
Pre-Crash Systems (PCS) use environment sensors and electronic control functions to improve the effectiveness of passive safety devices by activating them before a collision occurs. In view of the autonomous character and high demands on reliability, dedicated design tools and methodologies are required. PreScan, MADYMO and VEHIL and their...
conference paper 2006
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van Katwijk, R.T. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
article 2006
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Willemsen, D.M.C. (author), Verburg, D. (author), Schutyser, P. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
In a study the traffic safety of trams was identified as an important area for traffic safety improvement. Hence, TNO and a public transport company started a co-operation to improve the traffic safety of trams and lightrail through driver assistant systems. Both from identified situations and measured situations the most interesting were...
conference paper 2006
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Chen, Y. (author), Zuurbier, F.S. (author), van Zuylen, H.J. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
This paper presents a generic methodology to generate optimal controlled dynamic prescriptive route guidance to be disseminated by means of variable message signs (VMS). The methodology is generic in the sense it can be used on any network topology and network model, with any number of VMS’s, for different traffic scenarios (e.g. recurrent...
conference paper 2006
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de Coensel, B. (author), Vanhove, F. (author), Logghe, S. (author), Wilmink, I. (author), Botteldooren, D. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
One of the goals of the European IMAGINE project, is to formulate strategies to improve traffic modelling for application in noise mapping. It is well known that the specific deceleration and acceleration dynamics of traffic at junctions can influence local noise emission. However, macroscopic traffic models do not always model intersections,...
conference paper 2006
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Verweij, C.A. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
article 2006
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TNO Industrie en Techniek (author), Boersma, A. (author)
The efficiency of antioxidants in polymers is determined by three processes: the chemical reactivity, the physical loss and a minimal effective concentration. In most cases, loss of the stabiliser by physical processes (evaporation, leaching) is more significant than the loss by chemical consumption. In this paper, a model is proposed that...
article 2006
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Smets, S. (author), Debal, P. (author), Conte, V. (author), Alaküla, M. (author), Santini, D. (author), Duvall, M. (author), Winkel, R. (author), Badin, F. (author)
Several electric energy storage systems exist with different principles and characteristics. On the other hand, there are also various hybrid electric vehicles with specific requirements. This paper gives an overview of the advantages/disadvantages and practical aspects of battery technologies and ultracapacitors which can be used in hybrid...
conference paper 2006
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