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Nijland, T.G. (author), Larbi, J.A. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
Concrete is a poor conductor of heat. Nevertheless, heating of concrete results in physico-chemical conditions shifting in or out the thermodynamic stability field of specific phases (minerals) in the concrete, effectuating their (dis)appearance. Metamorphic petrology is a branch of geology that deals with the study of such changes; as a basic...
article 2001
document
Nijland, T.G. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
Van alle processen die schade aan beton veroorzaken is wapeningscorrosie veruit de belangrijkste. Daarnaast zijn z.g. alkali - aggregaat reacties (AAR) een belangrijke oorzaak van de aantasting van betonconstructies. Alkali - aggregaat reacties zijn chemische reacties tussen alkaliën (natrium, Na, en kalium, K) in het beton en bepaalde reactieve...
article 2001
document
Polder, R.B. (author), Nijland, T.G. (author), Peelen, W.H.A. (author), Bertolini, L. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
Cathodic protection has proven to be a reliable and economic method to stop corrosion in reinforced concrete structures. Many systems with activated titanium mesh anode embedded in cementitious mortar have functioned for more than 10 years. The service life depends on the anode/overlay system, which may be determined mainly by acid production...
conference paper 2002
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Nijland, T.G. (author), de Bruijn, W.A. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
article 2002
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Nijland, T.G. (author), Dubelaar, C.W. (author), van Hees, R.P.J. (author), van der Linden, T.J.M. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
Een van de meest interessante gesteenten in Nederland, als we hat Nederlands-Duitse grensgebied daar veer hat gemak even bij nemen, is de Bentheimer zandsteen. Dit unieke gesteente onderscheidt zich doordat hat in ens land sinds vela eeuwen op grate schaal is toegepast als bouwsteen, terwijl hat oak een belangrijk oliereservoirgesteente is. Dit...
article 2002
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Nijland, T.G. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
De CUR heeft recent de Nederlandse regelgeving herzien ter preventie van betonschade door alkali-silicareactie (ASR). In dit artikel wordt een beknopt overzicht gegeven van deze nieuwe regelgeving, de CUR-Aanbeveling 89. De aanbeveling is gemaakt voor de Nederlandse praktijk. Er is voor geko-zende de kans op het optreden van schadelijke ASR te...
article 2002
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Nijland, T.G. (author), de Bruijn, W.A. (author), Jansen, J.B.H. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
In dit artikel wordt een beknopte toelichting gegeven op CUR-Aanbeveling 89 ‘Maatregelen ter voorkoming van betonschade door alkali-silica reactie (ASR)’. CUR-voorschriftencommissie 62 ‘Alkali-silica reactie in beton’ heeft de Aanbeveling opgesteld en heeft, in lijn met de Nederlandse praktijk, er voor gekozen de kans op het optreden van...
article 2002
document
Nijland, T.G. (author), Siemes, A.J.M. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
In 1992, the first structure with deleterious ASR was diagnosed in the Netherlands, followed by the publication of the first Dutch guideline on the prevention of ASR in 1994. Since, ASR has been demonstrated in 40 to 50 structures over the country. Development of ASR in a series of structures on a major Dutch motorway, built in the late sixties ...
article 2002
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Nijland, T.G. (author), Larbi, J.A. (author), Siemes, A.J.M. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
An overview is given of experience of alkali-silica reaction, ASR, in the Netherlands, reflecting on concrete mixes and aggregates involved, and the assessment of ASR affected structures. Recently published guidelines to prevent concrete damage due to ASR are introduced. These rely on limiting the effective amount of alkali available for...
conference paper 2003
document
Nijland, T.G. (author), Dubelaar, C.W. (author), van Hees, R.P.J. (author), van der Linden, T.J.M. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
Black weathering of sandstone in monuments is widespread. Some obiects owe their name to it, like the Porta Nigra in Triet (Germany). Other than the black gypsum crusts common on limestone, the black weathering layer on sandstone is rather thin and well adhe¡ent. Formation of such layers on Bentheim and Obernkirchen sandstone, both widely used...
article 2003
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Nijland, T.G. (author), Brendle, S. (author), van Hees, R.P.J. (author), de Haas, G.J.L.M. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
Rhenish tuffs from the volcanic Eifel region, Germany, have widely been used as building stone in the Netherlands. Different kinds of tuff (Römer, Weiberner, Ettringer, Riedener) show different kinds of decay, and also within each group, remarkable differences in weathering behaviour occur. In the present study, a short introduction is given to...
article 2003
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Nijland, T.G. (author), van Hees, R.P.J. (author), Brendle, S. (author), de Haas, G.J.L.M. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
conference paper 2005
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van Hees, R.P.J. (author), Dubelaar, C.W. (author), Nijland, T.G. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Nederland is geen echt natuursteenland. Binnen de huidige grenzen wordt feitelijk alleen in de provincie Limburg natuursteen gewonnen voor toepassing in gebouwen: een zachte geelwitte kalksteen, in Nederland bekend als mergel, in België als Maastrichter steen. Wel werd altijd veel natuursteen van elders gehaald. Zeer bekend zijn de tufsteen uit...
bookPart 2005
document
Nijland, T.G. (author), Larbi, J.A. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
article 2005
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Nijland, T.G. (author), van Hees, R.P.J. (author), Brendle, S. (author), Goedeke, H.K. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
conference paper 2005
document
Nijland, T.G. (author), van Hees, R.P.J. (author), Dubelaar, C.W. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Especially in the western part of the Netherlands, Eocene sandy limestones from Belgium have elaborately been used in the construction of many 13th – 17th century monuments. These comprise both the Lede or Balegem stone from the Lede formation and the Gobertange stone from the Brussels formation. Over the centuries, both stones suffered serious...
article 2006
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Nijland, T.G. (author), Dubelaar, C.W. (author), Tolboom, H.J. (author), van Hees, R.P.J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Most of the Netherlands a Quaternary delta, local supplies of natural stone suitable for building are rare. These include: Quaternary bog iron ores used in early medieval times (until c. 1200); erratics, deposited in boulder clay during the Saalian ice age in the northern Netherlands and gravel from the river Meuse; Miocene lithified siliceous...
conference paper 2006
document
Nijland, T.G. (author), Dubelaar, C.W. (author), Tolboom, H.J. (author), van Hees, R.P.J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
conference paper 2006
document
Nijland, T.G. (author), van Hees, R.P.J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Rhenish tuffs (Rmer, Weiberner / Hohenleie, Et-tringer / Hasenstoppler) from the volcanic Eifel re-gion, Germany, have widely been used as building stone in the Netherlands. In the present paper, an overview is given of their historic use in the Nether-lands, the experience with weathering, the search of good replacement stones for the Riimer...
article 2006
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Lindqvist, J.E. (author), Nijland, T.G. (author), von Konow, T. (author), Plesser, T.S.W. (author), Nyman, P. (author), Larbi, J. (author), van Hees, R.P.J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
report 2006
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