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van der Bas, J.M.A. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), van den Berg, A.C. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Objective: One of the most life-threatening vascular diseases is rupture of an abdominal aneurysm. The conventional treatment is based on surgical reconstruction. An alternative treatment is endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Despite many advantages, one of the problems of EVAR is endoleakage from deficient healing between the aortic neck and...
article 2002
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Parnham, M.J. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Schrander, F. (author), Schut, M.W. (author), Orešković, K. (author), Mildner, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
PLD-118 is a novel, oral antifungal drug, under development for the treatment of Candida infections. Possible metabolism of PLD-118 by rat, dog and human S9 liver homogenates and inhibition of human cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes were investigated. PLD-118 (10 and 100 μm) incubated for 0-60 min with S9 fractions and NADPH was determined by HPLC,...
article 2005
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Richardus, J.H. (author), Graafmans, W.C. (author), van der Pal-de Bruin, K.M. (author), Amelink-Verburg, M.P. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author), Mackenbach, J.P. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In this paper the concepts, objectives, design, and data analysis procedures of the EuroNatal study are described. This sutdy started in 1996 and is a concerted action including 14 countries in Europe. The EuroNatal study aims at determining the validity of national perinatal mortality rates as an outcome indicator for the quality of antenatal...
article 1997
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Hennis, B.C. (author), Boomsma, D.I. (author), van Boheemen, P.A. (author), Engesser, L. (author), Kievit, P. (author), Dooijewaard, G. (author), Kluft, C. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
A pedigree-based maximum likelihood method developed by Lange et al. (12) was used to study the contribution of a newly defined di-allelic polymorphism in histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) to the plasma levels of HRG. In four families (n = 99) and 20 volunteers we found a heritability of 70%, an age effect of 3% and an effect of individual...
article 1995
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Portengen, L. (author), Preller, L. (author), Tielen, M. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Recent studies have reported a low prevalence of atopic sensitization and respiratory allergy in children growing up on farms. Objectives: We sought to evaluate the dose-response relationship between endotoxin and atopic sensitization in adult farmers and to assess the effect on respiratory health outcomes. Methods: Data on endotoxin...
article 2005
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Virtanen, S.M. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Aro, A. (author), EURAMIC Study Group (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To evaluate the levels of adipose tissue alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, and toenail selenium and their determinants. Design: Control subjects from multicentre case-control study on antioxidants, myocardial infarction and cancer of the breast. Subjects and setting: 686 male and 339 female middle-aged and elderly subjects from...
article 1996
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Ceconi, C. (author), Fox, K.M. (author), Remme, W.J. (author), Simoons, M.L. (author), Deckers, J.W. (author), Bertrand, M. (author), Parrinello, G. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Blann, A. (author), Cokkinos, D. (author), Ferrari, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The PERTINENT study measured biomarkers of atherosclerosis and thrombosis in a stable coronary artery disease population from EUROPA receiving ACE inhibition with perindopril 8 mg/day or placebo. Biomarkers of inflammation, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and a biomarker of thrombosis, d-dimer, were...
article 2009
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Männistö, S. (author), Yaun, S.S. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Adami, H.O. (author), Albanes, D. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Buring, J.E. (author), Cerhan, J.R. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Fuchs, C.S. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Harnack, L. (author), Leitzmann, M. (author), McCullough, M.L. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Schatzkin, A. (author), Virtamo, J. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Zhang, S.M. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dietary carotenoids have been hypothesized to protect against epithelial cancers. The authors analyzed the associations between intakes of specific carotenoids (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein + zeaxanthin, and lycopene) and risk of colorectal cancer using the primary data from 11 cohort studies carried out in North...
article 2007
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Jansen, N.W.D. (author), Roosendaal, G. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective. Joint bleeding, or hemarthrosis, leads in time to severe joint damage. This study was carried out to test the in vitro thresholds of exposure time and concentration that lead to irreversible joint damage, to add to the discussion on the usefulness of aspiration of the joint after a hemorrhage. Methods. Explants of healthy human...
article 2007
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Fabriek, B.O. (author), Møller, H.J. (author), Vloet, R.P.M. (author), van Winsen, L.M. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Teunissen, C.E. (author), Uitdehaag, B.M.J. (author), van den Berg, T.K. (author), Dijkstra, C.D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The scavenger receptor CD163 is selectively expressed on tissue macrophages and human monocytes. CD163 has been implicated to play a role in the clearance of hemoglobin and in the regulation of cytokine production by macrophages. Membrane CD163 can be cleaved by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) resulting in soluble CD163 (sCD163). In the present...
article 2007
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Grøn, B. (author), Filion-Myklebust, C. (author), Benninck, A. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W. (author), Matsueda, G.R. (author), Brosstad, F. (author), Gaubius instituut Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
alpha-polymer formation, as opposed to gamma-chain dimerization has been considered a relatively late event in factor XIII-induced fibrin stabilization. Recently it has been shown, however, that plasma from healthy individuals and from patients with fibrinaemia contains small amounts of soluble fibrin/fibrinogen oligomers interlinked through...
article 1992
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Noort, D. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), Fidder, A. (author), van Gurp, R.A. (author), de Jong, L.P.A. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
The development of procedures for retrospective detection and quantitation of exposure to phosgene, based on adducts to hemoglobin and albumin, is described. Upon incubation of human blood with [14C]phosgene (0-750 μM), a significant part of radioactivity (0-13%) became associated with globin and albumin. Upon Pronase digestion of globin, one of...
article 2000
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Hoeksma, M. (author), van Rijn, M. (author), Verkerk, P.H. (author), Bosch, A.M. (author), Mulder, M.F. (author), de Klerk, J.B.C. (author), de Koning, T.J. (author), Rubio-Gozalbo, E. (author), de Vries, M. (author), Sauer, P.J.J. (author), van Spronsen, F.J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In a previous study, Dutch children with phenylketonuria (PKU) were found to be slightly shorter than their healthy counterparts. In the literature, it has been hypothesized that a higher protein intake is necessary to optimize growth in PKU patients. The study aimed to investigate whether protein intake (total, natural and protein substitute)...
article 2005
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Barth, P.G. (author), Hirasing, R.A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The prevalence of the severe disease spina bifida is decreasing, but the present rate is still unacceptably high. Only one-third of women planning motherhood use the recommended folic acid, although compliance is increasing. Campaigns for the use of folic acid by these women should be intensified. This method, however, cannot completely prevent...
article 2000
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Izeboud, C.A. (author), Vermeulen, R.M. (author), Zwart, A. (author), Vos, H.P. (author), van Miert, A.S.J.P.A.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author)
Previous research has shown that β-adrenoceptor (β-AR) agonists have potent anti-inflammatory capabilities, e.g. represented by suppression of release of the proinflammatory cytokines. Aim of this research was to determine whether the effects of β-agonists on LPS-induced TNFα and IL-10 release are influenced by their different stereochemistry....
article 2000
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Fransman, W. (author), Roeleveld, N. (author), Peelen, S. (author), de Kort, W. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
BACKGROUND: Nurses and other hospital workers are exposed to antineoplastic drugs during daily activities. Previous studies suggest that antineoplastic drugs at occupational exposure levels may be toxic to reproduction, but these studies are not consistent or conclusive. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 4393 exposed...
article 2007
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Kappers, W.A. (author), de Groene, E.M. (author), Kleij, L.A. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Zweers-Zeilmaker, W.M. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Horbach, G.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
1. To study the role of cytochrome P4502C10 in the metabolism of the non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) diclofenac, phenylbutazone, fenoprofen, ibuprofen, flurbiprofen, ketoprofen and naproxen, a cell line was developed stably expressing CYP2C10 cDNA. A retroviral vector construct, containing a human CYP2C10 cDNA, was transfected in...
article 1996
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Reijneveld, S.A. (author), Harland, P. (author), Brugman, E. (author), Verhulst, F.C. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author)
Background This study aims to examine a) the prevalence of psychosocial problems and b) the association between parent-reported problems and the identification by doctors and nurses (child health professionals, CHP) working in preventive child health care, among immigrant and non-immigrant children. Methods CHPs examined 4,098 children aged 5...
article 2005
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Visser, J. (author), Blauw, B. (author), Hinloopen, B. (author), Brommer, E. (author), Ronald De Kloet, E. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
A disturbed hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal gland axis and alterations at the immune system level have been observed in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Glucocorticoids are known to modulate T cell responses; therefore, purified CD4 T cells from CFS patients were studied to determine whether they have an altered sensitivity to...
article 1998
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van Noort, J.M. (author), Bsibsi, M. (author), Gerritsen, W.H. (author), van der Valk, P. (author), Bajramovic, J.J. (author), Steinman, L. (author), Amor, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We present the first comparative analysis of serum immunoglobulinG reactivity profiles against the full spectrum of human myelin-associated proteins in multiple sclerosis patients and healthy control subjects. In both groups, serum antibodies display a consistent and prominent reaction to αB-crystallin (CRYAB) versus other myelin proteins. As an...
article 2010
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