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Kooi, F.L. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
When regions containing a counterphasing sine-wave grating are presented side by side and in spatial and temporal quadrature phase, a transparent perception of motion results. This occurs even though none of the stimulus parts is moving. The two percepts of motion in these displays are in opposite directions, one analogous to brightness contrast...
article 1995
document
Liebrechts-Akkerman, G. (author), Lao, O. (author), Liu, F. (author), van Sleuwen, B.E. (author), Engelberts, A.C. (author), L'Hoir, M.P. (author), Tiemeier, H.W. (author), Kayser, M. (author)
Background: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexpected death of an infant that remains unexplained after a thorough investigation of the circumstances, family history, paediatric investigation and complete autopsy. In Western society, it is the leading cause of post-neonatal death below 1 year of age. In the Netherlands, the SIDS...
article 2011
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Kerstholt, J.H. (author), Passenier, P.O. (author)
Automation has changed the role of human operators from direct manual control to supervision. Their main task is to monitor whether system performance remains within pre-specified ranges and intervention is only required in unusual situations. One of the consequences is a loss of situation awareness, which significantly affects performance in...
article 2000
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Hueber-Becker, F. (author), Nohynek, G.J. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Benech-Kieffer, F. (author), Toutain, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
We investigated the absorption of a commercial [14C]-PPD- containing oxidative dark-shade hair dye in human volunteers as well as in vitro using human or pig ear skin. The hair of eight male volunteers was cut to a standard length, dyed, washed, dried, clipped and collected. Hair, washing water, materials used in the study and a 24-h scalp wash...
article 2004
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Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Bessems, J.G.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The health risks of inhalation exposure to volatile organic solvents may not only depend on the total external dose, but also on the pattern of exposure. It has been suggested that exposure to regularly occurring peak concentrations may have a stronger impact on the brain than constant exposure at the same average level. Recent animal...
article 2005
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Albers, R. (author), van der Wielen, R.P.J. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Dorovska-Taran, V.N. (author), Mohede, I.C.M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objectives: To study the effects of two different mixtures of the main conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers cis-9, trans-11 CLA and trans-10, cis-12 CLA on human immune function. Design: Double-blind, randomized, parallel, reference-controlled intervention study. Subjects and intervention: Seventy-one healthy males aged 31-69y received one of...
article 2003
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Qvigstad, E. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author), Ens-Dokkum, M.H. (author), Schreuder, A.M. (author), Veen, S. (author), Brand, R. (author), Oostdijk, W. (author), Ruys, J.H. (author), Nederlands Instituut voor Praeventieve Gezondheidszorg TNO (author)
To predict height at five years in a cohort of 565 very preterm and/or very low-birth-weight children, hypothesized growth determinants were subjected to discriminant analysis. Many neonatal parameters were not significantly associated with short stature at five years of age. A correct classification of stature (smaller/larger than the 10th...
article 1993
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Hopman-Rock, M. (author), Odding, E. (author), Hofman, A. (author), Kraaimaat, F.W. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective. To determine physical and psychosocial disability in subjects aged 55 to 74 years living in the community, in relation to pain in the hip and/or knee, and to explore the relationships between pain, physical and psychosocial disability, and selected background variables. Methods. A subsample from a community based study on pain,...
article 1996
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de Winkel, K.N. (author), Clément, G. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Werkhoven, P.J. (author)
Although the mechanisms of neural adaptation to weightlessness and re-adaptation to Earth-gravity have received a lot of attention since the first human space flight, there is as yet little knowledge about how spatial orientation is affected by partial gravity, such as lunar gravity of 0.16. g or Martian gravity of 0.38. g. Up to now twelve...
article 2012
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Havenith, G. (author), van de Linde, E.J.G. (author), Heus, R. (author)
Hand cooling and resulting comfort and pain were studied in 12 subjects, while touching six different materials (polyurethane foam, wood, nylon, rustproof steel, aluminium, and temperature-controlled metal) which were initially at ambient temperature. This was done for three ambient temperatures (-10°, 0° and 10°C), after pre-exposure exercise...
article 1992
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Nijhoff, W.A. (author), Mulder, T.P.J. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), Peters, W.H.M. (author)
The effects of consumption of glucosinolate-containing Brussels sprouts on plasma and urinary glutathione S-transferase (GST) class-α and -π were investigated. Five male and five female non-smoking volunteers were randomly assigned to two groups in a crossover design. Five persons started on a glucosinolate-free diet (control period), while the...
article 1995
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Nieuwenhuizen, W. (author), Haverkate, F. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Chemicals/CAS: fibrinogen, 9001-32-5; calcium, 7440-70-2; Calcium, 7440-70-2; Fibrinogen, 9001-32-5
article 1983
document
Heinen, M.M. (author), Verhage, B.A.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Lumey, L.H. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author)
Background: Because of their influence on insulin concentrations, we hypothesized that both physical activity and energy restriction may reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer. Objective: We examined the associations between physical activity, proxies for energy restriction, and pancreatic cancer risk. Design: The Netherlands Cohort Study...
article 2011
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Theeuwes, J. (author)
Three visual search experiments tested whether top-down selectivity toward particular stimulus dimensions is possible during preattentive parallel search. Subjects viewed multielement displays in which two salient items, each unique in a different dimension—that is, color and intensity (Experiment 1) or color and form (Experiments 2 and 3)—were...
article 1991
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van 't Veer, P. (author), van der Wielen, R.P.J. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Sturmans, F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The association between breast cancer and selenium, measured in the diet, plasma, erythrocytes, and toenails, was investigated in a case-control study in the Netherlands during 1985-1987. Dietary selenium intake was assessed by a structured dietary history technique among 133 breast cancer cases and 238 population controls. Absolute and energy...
article 1990
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Neyraud, E. (author), Sayd, T. (author), Morzel, M. (author), Dransfield, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Whole and parotid salivas, collected after stimulation with tastants, were analyzed by 2D electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. In whole saliva, the number of proteins affected by taste stimulation increased in the order sweet < umami < bitter < acid. Annexin A1 and calgranulin A, involved in inflammation, were overrepresented after umami,...
article 2006
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Hoppe, P.P. (author), Krämer, K. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Steenge, G. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Background: Bioavailability studies with lycopene have focused on natural sources. A synthetic source has recently become available. Aim of the study: To determine the relative bioavailabilities of synthetic and tomato-based lycopene in free living volunteers in a single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel trial. Methods: Three...
article 2003
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Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Light to moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a reduced risk for cardiovascular diseases. Epidemiologic studies, like our analysis of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study, suggest that moderate alcohol consumption is also associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, reported for various...
article 2007
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Grootenhuis, P.A. (author), Westenbrink, S. (author), Sie, C.M.T.L. (author), de Neeling, J.N.D. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Bouter, L.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A self-administered semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire including 75 food items and providing information on the habitual intake of 31 nutritional parameters, based on the intake of protein, fat, carbohydrate, fiber and 11 vitamins and minerals, was developed for use in epidemiologic research on chronic disease among the elderly, such...
article 1995
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Essens, P.J.M.D. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Two stages for structuring tone sequences have been distinguished by Povel and Essens (1985). In the first, a mental clock segments a sequence into equal time units (clock model); in the second, intervals are specified in terms of subdivisions of these units. The present findings support the clock model in that it predicts human performance...
article 1995
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