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(1 - 18 of 18)
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Treijtel, N. (author), Eijkeren, J.C.H.v. (author), Nijmeijer, S. (author), van der Greef de - Sandt, I.C.J. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The metabolism and active transport of ritonavir and saquinavir were studied using sandwich-cultured rat hepatoyctes and rat liver microsomes. For ritonavir four comparable metabolites were observed in the sandwich-culture and in microsomes. For saquinavir eight metabolites were observed in sandwich-culture and 14 different metabolites in...
article 2009
document
Kuper, C.F. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Prinsen, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
All LMW respiratory allergens known to date can also induce skin allergy in test animals. The question here was if in turn skin allergens can induce allergy in the respiratory tract. Respiratory allergy was tested in Th2-prone Brown Norway (BN) rats by dermal sensitization with the contact allergen dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB; 1%, day 0; 0.5%,...
article 2008
document
Rusch, G.M. (author), Bowden, A.M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Arts, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The objectives of this study were to examine the respiratory irritancy of boron trifluoride (BF3) and fluorosulfonic acid (FSA) following acute inhalation exposure. Testing was conducted using groups of 10 male and 10 female rats (BF3) or groups of 6 male rats (FSA). Rats were exposed for a single 4-h period (BF3) or a single 1-h period (FSA)...
article 2008
document
Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author), Hakkert, B.C. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The validity of in vitro and in vivo methods for the prediction of percutaneous penetration in humans was assessed using the fungicide ortho-phenylphenol (OPP) (log Po/w 3.28, MW 170.8, solubility in water 0.7 g/L). In vivo studies were performed in rats and human volunteers, applying the test compound to the dorsal skin and the volar aspect of...
article 2002
document
van Stipdonk, M.J.B. (author), Willems, A.A. (author), Plomp, A.C. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), Boog, C.J.P. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The myelin-associated protein, αB-crystallin, is considered a candidate autoantigen in multiple sclerosis (MS). In the present study, we examined the potential of αB-crystallin to induce experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in Lewis rats. Attempts to induce EAE with either bovine, rat or murine αB-crystallin or αB-crystallin peptides...
article 2000
document
van Rozendaal, B.A.W.M. (author), van de Lest, C.H.A. (author), van Eijk, M. (author), van Golde, L.M.G. (author), Voorhout, W.F. (author), van Helden, H.P.M. (author), Haagsman, H.P. (author)
Collectins are carbohydrate binding proteins that are implicated in innate host defense. The lung collectins, surfactant proteins A and D (SP-A and SP-D), bind a variety of pathogens in vitro and influence phagocytosis by alveolar macrophages. In this report we show that SP-D binds endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) in vivo in a rat model of...
article 1999
document
Ronday, H.K. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author), Greenwald, R.A. (author), Moak, S.A. (author), de Roos, J.A.D.M. (author), Dijkmans, B.A.C. (author), Breedveld, F.C. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The plasminogen activation system is one of the enzyme systems held responsible for bone and cartilage degradation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we evaluated the effect of tranexamic acid (TEA), an inhibitor of plasminogen activation, on urinary collagen cross-link excretion and radiological joint damage in rat adjuvant arthritis ...
article 1998
document
Nieuwenhuys, C.M.A. (author), Béguin, S. (author), Offermans, R.F.G. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Hornstra, G. (author), Heemskerk, J.W.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
We investigated the effects of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on blood lipids and processes that determine hemostatic potential: platelet activation, coagulation, and fibrinolysis. For 8 to 10 weeks, Wistar rats were fed a high-fat diet containing various amounts (2% to 16%) of n-3 PUFAs derived from fish oil (FO) or a diet enriched...
article 1998
document
Ridley, R.G. (author), Matile, H. (author), Jaquet, C. (author), Dorn, A. (author), Hofheinz, W. (author), Leupin, W. (author), Masciadri, R. (author), Theil, F.P. (author), Richter, W.F. (author), Girometta, M.A. (author), Guenzi, A. (author), Urwyler, H. (author), Gocke, E. (author), Potthast, J.M. (author), Csato, M. (author), Thomas, A. (author), Peters, W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The S,S enantiomer of the bisquinoline trans-N1,N2-bis(7- chloroquinolin-4-yl)cyclohexane-1,2-diamine, Ro 47-7737, is significantly more potent against chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum than the R,R enantiomer and the previously described racemate. Both the enantiomers and the racemate are more potent inhibitors of heme polymerization...
article 1997
document
Twisk, J. (author), Hoekman, M.F.M. (author), Mager, W.H. (author), Moorman, A.F.M. (author), de Boer, P.A.J. (author), Scheja, L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Gebhardt, R. (author), Instituut voor Verouderings- en Vaatziekten Onderzoek TNO (author)
We investigated the lobular localization and molecular level of expression of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase and sterol 27-hydroxylase, two key enzymes in bile acid synthesis, in isolated periportal and pericentral hepatocytes and by in situ hybridization of rat liver. Enzyme activity, mRNA, and gene transcription of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase were...
article 1995
document
Groen, K. (author), Breimer, D.D. (author), Jansen, E.J. (author), van Bezooijen, C.F.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The influence of aging on the metabolism of antipyrine (AP) and hexobarbital enantiomers (R-HB and S-HB) with and without phenobarbital (PB) induction was investigated in a longitudinal study in rats aged 6, 12, 24 and 30 months. The metabolic clearances of AP (Cl(m AP)), R-HB (Cl(m R-HB)) and S-HB (Cl(m S-HB)) were used as indicators for P450...
article 1994
document
Twisk, J. (author), Lehmann, E.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
We have used primary monolayer cultures of rat hepatocytes to study the effects of physiological concentrations of various bile acids, commonly found in bile of normal rats, on the mechanism of regulation of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase and bile acid synthesis. Addition of taurocholic acid, the most predominant bile acid in rat bile, to the...
article 1993
document
Bosma, A. (author), Seifert, W.F. (author), Wilson, J.H.P. (author), Roholl, P.J.M. (author), Brouwer, A. (author), Knook, D.L. (author), Instituut voor Verouderings- en Vaatziekten Onderzoek TNO (author)
Rats of two strains (BN/BiRij and WAG/Rij) were fed the ethanol-containing Lieber-De Carli liquid diet supplemented with high amounts of vitamin A for 16 months. In contrast to Lieber and co-workers, who showed liver fibrosis developing within 9 months on the same diet in Sprague-Dawley rats, we were unable to demonstrate a histological and...
article 1991
document
Princen, H.M.G. (author), Meijer, P. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Addition of foetal-bovine serum to rat hepatocytes cultured in Williams E medium resulted in improved maintenance of bile-acid-synthetic capacity and cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase activity as compared with cultures supplemented with rat or newborn-bovine serum or cultures in a hormonally defined serum-free medium. Minimally, 5% (v/v) foetal-bovine...
article 1990
document
Tranquille, N. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The acute release of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) was studied in perfused rat hindlegs. Pretreatment of rats with the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (2 mg/kg) at 1, 3 or 5 h prior to perfusion of rat hindlegs did not influence the amount of t-PA released by platelet-activating factor (20 nM) or bradykinin (1 μM). The...
article 1989
document
Kwekkeboom, J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), van Voorthuizen, E.M. (author), Meijer, P. (author), Kempen, H.J.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Intracellular accumulation of 37°C of 50 μM [14C]taurocholic acid by hepatocytes of pig and rat, cultured for 24 hours, and by human hepatocytes, cultured for 12 hours, reached equilibrium after an incubation time of 1 to 2 hours. Maximum capacity to accumulate taurocholate intracellularly was assessed in 3-hour incubations with increasing...
article 1989
document
van Beek, L. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), de Groot, A.P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Alkali treated spun soy isolate was fed to rats at dietary levels of 5, 10, and 20% for a period of 90 days. The results failed to reveal any adverse effects on general appearance, growth, feeding efficiency, hematological indices, blood serum values, urine composition, kidney function, organ weights, and gross and microscopic pathology except...
article 1974
document
Hollander, C.F. (author), Instituut voor experimentele gerontologie TNO (author), GO RBI IVEG (author)
Cartilaginous tissue in the heart of rat has been described in literature by some as an ageing phenomenon, while others have observed it in young animals. Hearts of rats of different ages were studied for the occurence and localization of cartilaginous tissue. A cartilaginous focus has been regularly found in rats as young as 1 week old. This...
article 1968
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