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Virtanen, S.M. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Aro, A. (author), EURAMIC Study Group (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To evaluate the levels of adipose tissue alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, and toenail selenium and their determinants. Design: Control subjects from multicentre case-control study on antioxidants, myocardial infarction and cancer of the breast. Subjects and setting: 686 male and 339 female middle-aged and elderly subjects from...
article 1996
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Brussaard, J.H. (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), van der Paauw, C.G. (author), de Vos, R.H. (author), de Kort, W.L.A.M. (author), Löwik, M.R.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
To assess the level of exposure to food contaminants (cadmium, lead, PCBs, DDT, hexachlorobenzene, nitrate and malathion) a total-diet study was carried out. A total of 226 food products were analysed individually; the concentration of contaminants in products not selected for analysis was estimated with the help of published data. The results...
article 1996
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Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Adami, H.O. (author), Beeson, L. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Folsom, A.R. (author), Fraser, G.E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Howe, G.R. (author), Kushi, L.H. (author), Marshall, J.R. (author), Mcdermott, A. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Speizer, F.E. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Yaun, S.S. (author), Willett, W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background. Experiments in animals, international correlation comparisons, and case-control studies support an association between dietary fat intake and the incidence of breast cancer. Most cohort studies do not corroborate the association, but they have been criticized for involving small numbers of cases, homogeneous fat intake, and...
article 1996
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Schifferstein, H.N.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The Equiratio Mixture Model predicts the psychophysical function for an equiratio mixture type on the basis of the psychophysical functions for the unmixed components. The model reliably estimates the sweetness of mixtures of sugars and sugar-alchohols, but is unable to predict intensity for aspartame/sucrose mixtures. In this paper, the...
article 1996
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Verhagen, H. (author), Rauma, A.L. (author), Törrönen, R. (author), de Vogel, N. (author), Bruijntjes-Rozier, G.C.D.M. (author), Dreve, M.A. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Mykkänen, H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
1. In order to study the potential beneficial effects of a vegan diet, a cross-sectional study was performed and several biomarkers of chemoprevention were measured in a population of female 'living food' eaters ('vegans'; n = 20) vs matched omnivorous controls (n = 20). 2. White blood cells obtained from fresh blood samples were subjected to...
article 1996
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van 't Veer, P. (author), Strain, J.J. (author), Fernandez-Crehuet, J. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Martin-Moreno, J.M. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Antioxidants may protect against free radical mediated carcinogenesis. Epidemiological studies have not confirmed this hypothesis for breast cancer, possibly because of methodological limitations. Time-integrated exposure of α-tocopherol and β-carotene in adipose tissue, and selenium in toenails was investigated in a case-control study among...
article 1996
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van den Berg, H. (author), Hulshof, K.F.A.M. (author), Deslypere, J.P. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective. To determine how much vitamin A is consumed through liver and liver products by non-pregnant and pregnant women aged 16-50 years, and to determine the implications for the use of multivitamin products. Design. Secondary analysis on data from representative database Dutch National Food Consumption Survey. Method. Data were obtained...
article 1996
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te Velthuis- Wierik, E.J.M. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Weststrate, J.A. (author), van het Hof, K.H. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: Dietary fat intake is higher than recommended in most western countries and is associated with the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, obesity and cancer. The growing public concern about the adverse effects of a high fat intake has led to an increased availability of 'reduced-fat' products. Consumption of reduced-fat products...
article 1996
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Dorant, E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The association between onion and leek consumption, garlic supplement use and colon and rectum carcinoma among men and women was evaluated in the Netherlands Cohort Study, a large-scale prospective cohort study on diet and cancer. Onions, leeks, and garlic belong to the Allium genus and contain large amounts of potentially chemopreventive...
article 1996
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van den Berg, H. (author), Hulshof, K.F.A.M. (author), Deslypere, J.P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To assess the distribution of dietary vitamin A intake among Dutch women aged 16-50 and among pregnant women, and to evaluate the effect of the use of a vitamin A (1200 RE) containing multivitamin supplement in terms of nutritional and teratogenic risk. Study design: Data from the 2nd Dutch national food consumption survey (1992) were...
article 1996
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Verhoeven, D.T.H. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
This paper gives an overview of the epidemiological data concerning the cancer-preventive effect of brassica vegetables, including cabbage, kale, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cauliflower. The protective effect of brassicas against cancer may be due to their relatively high content of glucosinolates. Certain hydrolysis products of...
article 1996
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Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Hertog, M.G.L. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background: Tea is one of the most frequently consumed beverages in the world. Antioxidant polyphenol compounds (such as catechins and flavonols) are abundantly present in both green and black teas and have been observed to have anticarcinogenic properties in cell and animal model studies. In black tea, however, most of the catechins have been...
article 1996
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Löwik, M.R.H. (author), Hulshof, K.F.A.M. (author), Brussaard, J.H. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
conference paper 1996
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Hartmann, D. (author), Güzelhan, C. (author), Zuiderwijk, P.B.M. (author), Odink, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objectives: Orlistat, a potent and selective inhibitor of gastrointestinal lipases, is designed for the treatment of obesity. A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, 2-way crossover study investigated the possible influence of orlistat on the ovulation-suppressing action of combination oral contraceptives (OC). Methods: After an 8-day...
article 1996
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Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Adami, H.O. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Folsom, A.R. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Howe, G.R. (author), Kushi, L.H. (author), Marshall, J.R. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Speizer, F.E. (author), Willett, W. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Yaun, S.S. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
To assess more precisely the relative risks associated with established risk factors for breast cancer, and whether the association between dietary fat and breast cancer risk varies according to levels of these risk factors, we pooled primary data from six prospective studies in North America and Western Europe in which individual estimates of...
article 1997
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van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Dirx, M.J.M. (author), Ronckers, C.M. (author), van den Hoogen, P. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The association between several anthropometric indices and breast cancer risk was evaluated within the Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer, which began in 1986 and is conducted among 62,573 women aged 55 to 69 years at baseline. After 4.3 years of follow-up, data on 626 women with incident breast cancer were available with complete...
article 1997
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Brugman, E. (author), Meulmeester, J.F. (author), van der Spee-Wekke, A. (author), Beuker, R.J. (author), Zaadstra, B.M. (author), Radder, J.J. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, P.S. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of dieting and the relationship between dieting, nutritional habits, and health among young adolescents in the Netherlands. METHODS: Out of 1359 secondary school children, aged 13 through 15 y, who were invited for a routine health assessment by school doctors or nurses as part of the Child Health Monitoring...
article 1997
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Botterweck, A.A.M. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The association between vegetable and fruit consumption and stomach cancer risk was investigated in the Netherlands Cohort Study among 120,852 men and women aged 55-69 years at the start in September 1986. Analyses were based on 282 incident stomach cancer cases after 6.3 years of follow-up. Age- and sex-adjusted rate ratios of stomach cancer in...
article 1998
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Korst, A.E.C. (author), Boven, E. (author), van der Sterre, M.L.T. (author), Fichtinger-Schepman, A.M.J. (author), van der Vijgh, W.J.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Amifostine (Ethyol, WR-2721) is in use in the clinic as a protector against platinum-induced toxicities. We have previously reported that amifostine induced a potentiation of the antitumour activity of carboplatin in human ovarian cancer xenografts. An influence of amifostine on the pharmacokinetics of carboplatin, resulting in higher platinum...
article 1998
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Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Morton, M.S. (author), Brüggemann-Rotgans, I.E.M. (author), van Beresteijn, E.C.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: The hypothesis was tested that the rate of postmenopausal bone loss is inversely associated with long-term urinary excretion of phyto-oestrogens, as a marker of habitual dietary intake. Design: Secondary analysis of a 10-year follow-up study (1979-1989) among postmenopausal women in the Netherlands. Subjects: From the original...
article 1998
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