Searched for: +
(1 - 20 of 120)

Pages

document
Virtanen, S.M. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Aro, A. (author), EURAMIC Study Group (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To evaluate the levels of adipose tissue alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, and toenail selenium and their determinants. Design: Control subjects from multicentre case-control study on antioxidants, myocardial infarction and cancer of the breast. Subjects and setting: 686 male and 339 female middle-aged and elderly subjects from...
article 1996
document
Proper, K.I. (author), Hildebrandt, V.H. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author), Twisk, J.W.R. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author)
Background: Physical inactivity and obesity are major public health problems. Our objective was to investigate the effectiveness of an individual counseling intervention at the workplace on physical activity fitness and health. Counseling content derived from the Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise and Nutrition (PACE)...
article 2003
document
Anderson, D. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO BIBRA (author)
Butadiene (BD) and its 2-methyl analogue, isoprene, have been extensively studied in animals and BD in population studies. Both chemicals are metabolised by liver cytochrome P450 dependent monogenases to monoepoxide and diepoxide intermediates. The diepoxide intermediates of both compounds were mutagenic in Salmonella typhimurium. However,...
article 2001
document
Boere-Boonekamp, M.M. (author), L'Hoir, M.P. (author), Beltman, M. (author), Bruil, J. (author), Dijkstra, N. (author), Engelberts, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective. Description of unhealthy behaviour and views regarding nutrition, physical exercise and education in families with young children, in relation to specific groups with a high risk of overweight. Design. Cross-sectional study. Method. In wellbaby clinics for infants and toddlers in various sites in the Netherlands 534 parents were...
article 2008
document
Botterweck, A.A.M. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The association between vegetable and fruit consumption and stomach cancer risk was investigated in the Netherlands Cohort Study among 120,852 men and women aged 55-69 years at the start in September 1986. Analyses were based on 282 incident stomach cancer cases after 6.3 years of follow-up. Age- and sex-adjusted rate ratios of stomach cancer in...
article 1998
document
Korst, A.E.C. (author), Boven, E. (author), van der Sterre, M.L.T. (author), Fichtinger-Schepman, A.M.J. (author), van der Vijgh, W.J.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Amifostine (Ethyol, WR-2721) is in use in the clinic as a protector against platinum-induced toxicities. We have previously reported that amifostine induced a potentiation of the antitumour activity of carboplatin in human ovarian cancer xenografts. An influence of amifostine on the pharmacokinetics of carboplatin, resulting in higher platinum...
article 1998
document
van de Vijver, L.P.L. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Charzewska, J. (author), Rotily, M. (author), Charles, P. (author), Maggiolini, M. (author), Ando, S. (author), Väänänen, K. (author), Wajszczyk, B. (author), Heikkinen, J. (author), Deloraine, A. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Several studies indicate that intake of calcium can inhibit iron absorption especially when taken simultaneously. In the CALEUR study, a cross-sectional study among girls (mean 13.5 y) and young women (mean 22.0 y) in six European countries, the association between calcium intake and iron status was studied. In 1,080 girls and 524 women,...
article 1999
document
Tuomainen, A. (author), Kangas, J.A. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Glass, R.C. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Malathion was applied to roses in three Finnish greenhouses by hand held lance sprayers. The potential dermal exposure of applicators to this insecticide was measured. Total urine production of each applicator was also collected up to 24 h post application. In the urine samples the specific metabolite of malathion, malathion monocarboxylic acid ...
article 2002
document
Braakhuis, B.J.M. (author), Welters, M.J.P. (author), Cloos, J. (author), Pankras, J.E. (author), Smeets, S.J. (author), Fichtinger-Schepman, A.-M.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of the present study was to investigate how normal head and neck epithelial cells (NHNEC) respond to cisplatin compared to their neoplastic counterparts with respect to intracellular platinum (Pt) levels and growth inhibition. A colorimetric assay was used to assess growth inhibition after exposure to cisplatin for 72 h. Growth...
article 1999
document
Brussaard, J.H. (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), van der Paauw, C.G. (author), de Vos, R.H. (author), de Kort, W.L.A.M. (author), Löwik, M.R.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
To assess the level of exposure to food contaminants (cadmium, lead, PCBs, DDT, hexachlorobenzene, nitrate and malathion) a total-diet study was carried out. A total of 226 food products were analysed individually; the concentration of contaminants in products not selected for analysis was estimated with the help of published data. The results...
article 1996
document
Emmen, H.H. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, W.A.A. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Ravensberg, J.C. (author), Alexander, D.J. (author), Borkhataria, D. (author), Rusch, G.M. (author), Schmit, B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
HFC 134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane) and HFC 227 (1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane) are used to replace chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in refrigerant and aerosol applications, including medical use in metered-dose inhalers. Production and consumption of CFCs are being phased out under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer....
article 2000
document
Voorrips, L.E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Verhoeven, D.T.H. (author), van Poppel, G.A.F.C. (author), Sturmans, F. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: The purpose was to study the association between vegetable and fruit consumption and lung cancer incidence using 1074 cases after 6.3 years of follow-up in the Netherlands Cohort Study. Methods: Dietary intake was assessed using a 150-item food-frequency questionnaire. Multivariate models were used including age, sex, family history...
article 2000
document
Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Adami, H.O. (author), Beeson, L. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Folsom, A.R. (author), Fraser, G.E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Howe, G.R. (author), Kushi, L.H. (author), Marshall, J.R. (author), Mcdermott, A. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Speizer, F.E. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Yaun, S.S. (author), Willett, W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background. Experiments in animals, international correlation comparisons, and case-control studies support an association between dietary fat intake and the incidence of breast cancer. Most cohort studies do not corroborate the association, but they have been criticized for involving small numbers of cases, homogeneous fat intake, and...
article 1996
document
Nohynek, G.J. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Lawrence, R.S. (author), Shapiro, S. (author), Schulte, S. (author), Steiling, W. (author), Bausch, J. (author), Gerber, E. (author), Sasa, H. (author), Nau, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Vitamin A is widely used in cosmetic preparations. Given that oral Vitamin A and its metabolites present a potential reproductive risk, the present study investigated the effect of topical Vitamin A on human endogenous plasma levels of Vitamin A and its metabolites. Methods: Two groups of 14 female volunteers of child-bearing age...
article 2006
document
Schifferstein, H.N.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The Equiratio Mixture Model predicts the psychophysical function for an equiratio mixture type on the basis of the psychophysical functions for the unmixed components. The model reliably estimates the sweetness of mixtures of sugars and sugar-alchohols, but is unable to predict intensity for aspartame/sucrose mixtures. In this paper, the...
article 1996
document
Wiefferink, C.H. (author), Peters, L. (author), Hoekstra, F. (author), Ten Dam, G. (author), Buijs, G.J. (author), Paulussen, T.G.W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Characterizing school health promotion is its category-by-category approach, in which each separate health-related behavior is addressed independently. Such an approach creates a risk that extra-curricular activities become overloaded, and that teaching staff are distracted by continuous innovations. Within the health promotion sector there are...
article 2006
document
Voorrips, L.E. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Hiddink, G.J. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background: Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which is present in milk products and meat from ruminants, appears to have anticarcinogenic activity against breast cancer in animal and in vitro experiments. To date, few epidemiologic data are available in humans. Objective: This study evaluated the relation between intakes of CLA and other fatty...
article 2002
document
Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Morton, M.S. (author), Brüggemann-Rotgans, I.E.M. (author), van Beresteijn, E.C.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: The hypothesis was tested that the rate of postmenopausal bone loss is inversely associated with long-term urinary excretion of phyto-oestrogens, as a marker of habitual dietary intake. Design: Secondary analysis of a 10-year follow-up study (1979-1989) among postmenopausal women in the Netherlands. Subjects: From the original...
article 1998
document
Zeegers, M.P.A. (author), Dorant, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objectives: Coffee, tea, and fluid consumption have been thought to influence bladder cancer incidence. In a large prospective study, these associations were investigated. Methods: In 1986, cohort members (55-69 years) completed a questionnaire on cancer risk factors. Follow-up was established by linkage to cancer registries until 1992. The...
article 2001
document
Biró, G. (author), Hulshof, K.F.A.M. (author), Ovesen, L. (author), Amorim Cruz, J.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: The aim of the EFCOSUM project was to develop a method to estimate both acute and usual consumption levels in European countries and for the sake of comparison, a common basic method for dietary assessment was needed. The method should allow a reliable comparison of the intake of relevant dietary indicators among large population...
article 2002
Searched for: +
(1 - 20 of 120)

Pages