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document
Duivenvoorden, I. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The prevalence of dyslipidemia and obesity resulting from excess energy intake and physical inactivity is increasing. The liver plays a pivotal role in systemic lipid homeostasis. Effective, natural dietary interventions that lower plasma lipids and promote liver health are needed. Objective: Our goal was to determine the effect of...
article 2006
document
Ullmann, U. (author), Haller, J. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), Weber, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A number of studies have shown that tea catechins can inhibit intestinal iron absorption, mostly iron in the nonhaem form. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 3-periods cross-over study examined the degree of inhibition of nonhaem iron absorption by pure crystalline epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). The study was designed to show...
article 2005
document
TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Goudriaan, J.R. (author), den oer, M.A.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Febbraio, M. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author)
CD36 is involved in high-affinity peripheral FFA uptake. CD36-deficient (cd36-/-) mice exhibit increased plasma FFA and triglyceride (TG) levels. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the cause of the increased plasma TG levels in cd36-/- mice. cd36-/- mice showed no differences in hepatic VLDL-TG production or intestinal [3H]TG uptake...
article 2005
document
Tryfonidou, M.A. (author), Holl, M.S. (author), Stevenhagen, J.J. (author), Buurman, C.J. (author), Deluca, H.F. (author), Oosterlaken-Dijksterhuis, M.A. (author), van den Brom, W.E. (author), van Leeuwen, J.P.T.M. (author), Hazewinkel, H.A.W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
The effects of excessive non-toxic dietary Vitamin D3 supplementation on Ca homeostasis with specific effects on endochondral ossification and skeletal remodeling were investigated in a group of growing Great Dane dogs supplemented with cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3; HVitD) versus a control group (CVitD) (1350 μg versus 11.4 μg Vitamin D3 per...
article 2003
document
Tryfonidou, M.A. (author), Stevenhagen, J.J. (author), van den Bemd, G.J.C.M. (author), Oosterlaken-Dijksterhuis, M.A. (author), Deluca, H.F. (author), Mol, J.A. (author), van den Brom, W.E. (author), van Leeuwen, J.P.T.M. (author), Hazewinkel, H.A.W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Hormonal regulation of calcium (Ca) absorption was investigated in a cholecalciferol (vitamin D3)supplemented group (hVitD) vs. a control group (cVitD) of growing Great Danes (100 vs. 12.5 μg vitamin D3/kg diet). Although Ca intakes did not differ, fractional Ca absorption was significantly lower in the hVitD group than in the cVitD group. There...
article 2002
document
Konings, E.J.M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Castenmiller, J.J.M. (author), Roomans, H.H.S. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author)
Our knowledge on the absorption of folate is incomplete. The deconjugation process as a possible limiting factor in the absorption of folates was investigated. The study also attempted to validate the use of the area under the serum response curve (AUC) from food compared with folic acid as a proxy variable for food folate bioavailability....
article 2002
document
van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Muijs, T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a product rich in transgalactooligosaccharides (TOS, Elix'or) stimulates true Ca absorption in postmenopausal women. The study was a double-blind, randomized crossover study, consisting of two 9-d treatment periods separated by a 19-d washout period. During the treatment periods, 12 subjects drank...
article 2000
document
van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Muijs, T. (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Animal studies have indicated that calcium absorption is increased by lactulose, a synthetic disaccharide. Therefore, the influence of lactulose on calcium absorption was measured in postmenopausal women who may benefit from the possible enhancing effect of lactulose on calcium absorption. Twelve postmenopausal women drank 100 ml of water...
article 1999
document
de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Bär, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of 14C-labeled γ-cyclodextrin ([14C]γ-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In experiment 1, [14C]γ-CD (25 μCi, 600 mg/kg body wt) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In experiment 2, [14C]γ- CD (25 μCi, 1000 mg/kg body wt)...
article 1998
document
Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author), Pannemans, D.L.E. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Westerterp, K.R. (author)
The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary protein on urinary Ca excretion, apparent Ca absorption and Ca balance in young and elderly subjects. Young adults (n 29) and elderly persons (n 26) consumed diets containing 12% (diet A) and 21% (diet B) of total energy as protein for 3 weeks according to a randomized...
article 1997
document
TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), dela Guéronnière, V. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Bouley, C. (author), Luten, J. (author), Latgé, C. (author)
True fractional Ca absorption from six foods was measured in twelve normal healthy women, aged 20-29 years. The tested foods were commercially available fresh cheese, fresh cheese prepared by new technology and rich in Ca, similar cheese with added Fe, enteral food, mineral water alone and combined with a spaghetti meal. The aim of the study was...
article 1996
document
Vriesendorp, H.M. (author), Heidt, P.J. (author), Zurcher, C. (author), Radiobiologisch Instituut TNO (author)
Procedures for total and selective gastrointestinal decontamination of dogs are described. The selective procedure removed only Gram negative aerobic bacteria, yeast and fungi. Dogs receiving total decontamination were less susceptible to the GI syndrome following total body irradiation (TBI) than dogs receiving conventional care. After TBI and...
article 1981
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